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Örjan Martinsson

Campaigns of the Prussian Army
1740-1763

 
Prussian grenadiers in the battle of Leuthen 1757

As an excursion from this site's focus on the Great Northern War, this page is a continuation of the page containing the Campaigns of the Prussian Army 1702-1715 and it cover the Prussian army during its age of greatness. That is the years 1740-1763 when the Prussian king Frederick the Great waged a series of wars that raised Prussia from a minor state into a great power. These wars are known as the First and Second Silesian Wars (1740-42 and 1744-45), which were parts of the Austrian War of Succession (1740-48), as well as the Seven Years War (1756-1763). The content on this page is almost exclusively taken from Philip Haythornthwaite's Osprey books: "Frederick the Great's Army" volumes 1-3 (1991-92).

The years 1740 and 1763 are not included in the table since no battles were fought in those years. The first Silesian War started 16 December 1740 when the Prussian army crossed the border to Silesia without a declaration of war. And the Seven Years War ended with the peace at Hubertusburg 16 February 1763. A much more eventful year was however 1757 when the biggest battles were fought, among others Frederick the Great's first defeat (Kolin) and his greatest victory (Leuthen). Between those battles he had also inflicted a crushing defeat on the French and the German Reichsarmee at Rossbach, and the Prussians had faced the Russians for the first time at Gross-Jägersdorf. Because of this density of battles there are two columns for 1757 (one for each half-year).

The wars fought by Frederick the Great were geographically limited, so in contrast to my other pages the colour codes in this page do not show which country the regiments were located in, but rather which opponents they fought against in the battles according to the following system:

French
(+ Reicharmee 1757)
French & Russians French & Austrians

Austrians
(+ Saxons 1745)

Russians & Austrians

Russians

The letters represent different battles and are explained further down on the page. The only exception is Schweidnitz 1761 (S) which was a fortress that fell to the Austrians.

The Prussian regiments were usually named after their "Inhaber" which were replaced several times during this period. I have for simplicity chosen to only use the official numbering of the Prussian regiments. In those cases when the regiments actually had a permanent name, then this is added in bold style. Otherwise I have instead of official names only noted in the name field which province the regiment was recruited from, or nick names if such existed. The third column notes which year the regiment was raised.

The difference between musketeers and fusiliers was that the latters were newly raised regiments with soldiers that did not meet the high standards as in the other regiments. They were for example shorter and were thus equipped with shorter muskets and had special fusilier caps which resembled the caps worn by grenadiers.

Infantry

  Musketeers 1741 1742  

1744

1745  

1756

1757

1758 1759 1760 1761 1762
1  Brandenburg 1615 M       H     P RL H   LT   B
2  Ostpreussen 1655   C   HS     G Z Ka K      
3  Magdeburg 1655       HS L PK     Ka L   B
4  Ostpreussen 1672   C   S     G Z       B
5  Magdeburg 1655       HS     RL H   LT   B
6  Grenadier-Garde 1675       HS     RL H   LT   B
7  Pommern 1676 M C   H

L

K   Z K T    
8  Pommern 1679       H   P L H   T    
9  Westfalen 1679         L P R   Ka K T    
10  Westfalen 1683 M C         L         B
11  Ostpreussen 1685   C   H     G Z        
12  Brandenburg 1685 M     H   P     K     B
13  Brandenburg 1686 M     H L   RL H   LT   B
14  Ostpreussen 1626   C   HS  

 

G Z K      
15  Regiment-Garde 1688 M

C

 

HS

 

K

RL

H

 

LT

 

B

16  Ostpreussen 1698   C         G Z Ka K T   B
17  Pommern 1693   C   HS

L

PK       T    
18  Brandenburg 1698           PL   ZH   LT   B
19  Brandenburg 1702 M     HS   P RL H K T    
20  Magdeburg 1674       H

L

K   H   T    
21  Halberstadt 1713      

H

L

K R  

K

T

   
22  Pommern 1713

M

   

H

 

K

 

Z

 

T

 

B

23  Brandenburg 1713 M     HS   P RL ZH   LT    
24  Brandenburg 1713

M

C

 

H

 

P

R

  Ka K LT    
25  Brandenburg 1713

M

   

HS

  K L

Z

  T  

B

26  Brandenburg 1714

M

       

P

RL

H

  LT    
27  Brandenburg 1715

M

C

    L   L Z        
28  Niederschlesien 1723      

H

 

P

           
29  Niederschlesien 1723  

C

 

H

 

PK

    K      
30  Pommern 1728  

C

 

H

L

P

L

H

  T    
31  Niederschlesien 1729          

P

G

  K LT    
32  Niederschlesien (fusileesr 1743-45) 1743          

P

    Ka      
34  Brandenburg 1740  

C

     

 

L

    L    
  Fusiliers 1741 1742  

1744

1745  

1756

1757

1758 1759 1760 1761 1762
33  Glatz 1740              

P

      La    
35  Prinz Heinrich 1740          

PK

L   K T    
36  Pommern 1740        

L

K

L   M   S  
37  Niederschlesien 1740      

H

 

P

L

Z

K La S

B

38  Oberschlesien 1740          

P

B   K      
39   1740           P L H        
40  (Transferred from Saxony-Eisenach army) 1740          

PK

 

Z

Ka L    
41  Westfalen (from Württemberg army) 1741          

PK

    K LT    
42  Oberschlesien 1741          

P

      La    
43  Niederschlesien 1741          

P

    K      
44   1742                      

F

45   1743                 M      
46  (Raised only with foreign recruits) 1743           P L Z K      
47  Oberschlesien (from Holstein-Gottorp) 1743                 KM      
48  (Recruited from the Minden garrison) 1756                        
49  Niederschlesien (pioneers 1742-58) 1758              

Z

Ka K T    
50-9

In October 1756 ten captured Saxon regiments were forced into Prussian service. Desertions resulted however in that all regiments except
IR 54-56 ceased to exist after barely a year. The remaining regiments were disbanded after the war and their men were transferred to IR 33
and IR 36. Their numbers would be reclaimed by new regiments raised 1773-74 in Oberschlesien (50) and Westpreussen (51-55).

  1741 1742  

1744

1745  

1756

1757

1758 1759 1760 1761 1762


Cavalry
 

  Cuirassiers 1741 1742  

1744

1745  

1756

1757

1758 1759 1760 1761 1762
1   1666   C     HSK     PK BL H Ka K T   F
2   1666  

C

  HS

L

K B Z K LT    
3  Leibregiment zu Pferde 1672       K

L

PK RL   K LT   F
4   1674   C  

HS

  P BL H  

T

 

F

5   1683

M

   

HK

 

P

BL

Z

Ka K

LT

   
6   1688      

HK

L

K

BL   M      
7   1688   C  

HK

L

PK RL  

KM

     
8   1691   C  

HSK

L

K RL

ZH

 

LT

   
9   1691   C  

HS

 

P

BL

H

M

     
10  Regiment Gens d'Armes 1691 M    

HS

L

 

RL

ZH

  LT    
11  Leib-Carabinier Regiment 1691

M

   

HK

L

PK BL ZH  

LT

   
12   1704 C

HSK

PK

L H Ka K

T

13  Garde du Corps 1740      

HS

L

PK RL ZH  

LT

   
  Dragoons 1741 1742  

1744

1745  

1756

1757

1758 1759 1760 1761 1762
1   1689 M       H    

PK

BL ZH  

LT

   
2   1689       H   PK BL H K

LT

   
3   1704 M

C

  HS L PK R   K      
4   1704 M

 

  HK L PK RL ZH  

LT

   
5   1717 M

C

  HK L

 

BL    

T

   
6  "Porcelain Dragoons" 1717       H  

 

G Z K    

F

7   1727  

C

  K  

 

G Z      

F

8   1744      

K

 

 

G

Z

K

T

 

F

9   1741       K  

 

G K Mi

L

   
10   1743       K  

 

G K Mi

L

   
11   1740      

H

 

PK

L  

KM

T

  F
12   1742      

S

 

PK

BL   M

T

   
  Hussars 1741 1742  

1744

1745  

1756

1757

1758 1759 1760 1761 1762
1  Preussisches Husaren (Green) 1721  

C

   

H

 

L

K RL   K

T

  F
2  Leib-Husaren (Red) 1730 M    

H

  PK BL

ZH

Ka K

LT

   
3   1740           PK L    

LT

   
4  White Hussars 1741      

HS

  PK L

H

Ka K      
5  Totenkopf (Death skull or Black) 1741      

H

 

 

G

KZ

Ka Mi      
6  Brown Hussars 1741      

HK

  PK L H  

T

   
7  Yellow Hussars 1743      

K

  P GL Z Ka Mi K      
8  Red husarerna 1743      

H

  KB RL   M      
9  Der ganze tod (Whole Dead or New Black) 1758                 K     F
  1741 1742  

1744

1745  

1756

1757

1758 1759 1760 1761 1762

In addition to the above mentioned units there were also temporary grenadier battalions in each war which were raised by pairing the grenadier companies from two infantry regiments. There were also up to 17 garrison regiments and special units such as two jäger corps and 23 free corps. These are not included in the list since I have no information about which battles they participated in.

B = Breslau (1757), Burkersdorf (1762)
C = Chotusitz (1742)
F = Freiberg (1762)
G = Gross-Jägersdorf (1757)
H = Hohenfriedeberg (1745), Handkirch (1758)
K = Kesselsdorf (1745), Kolin (1757), Krefeld (1758), Kunersdorf (1759)
Ka = Kay (1759)
L = Lobositz (1756), Leuthen (1757), Liegnitz (1760)
La = Landeshut (1760)
M = Mollwitz (1741), Maxen (1759)
Mi = Minden (1759)
P = Prag (1757)
R = Rossbach (1757)
S = Soor (1745), Schweidnitz (1761)
T = Torgau (1760)

Return to Armies of the Great Northern War or to Campaigns of the Prussian Army 1702-1715.