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  NARVA 1700
 
  Swedish order of battle
  Uniforms:
 
 
  KLISZOW 1702
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  FRAUSTADT 1706
 
  Uniforms:
  Russian corps 1704-06
 
 
  LESNAYA 1708
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  POLTAVA 1709
 
  Road to Poltava
  Battle of Poltava
  Swedish strength
  Russian strength
  Uniforms:
  Redoubt battle
  Roos' battalions
  Main battle

 
 
  HELSINGBORG 1710
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  GADEBUSCH 1712
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  STRESOW 1715
 
 
Uniforms:
  Coalition army
 

Örjan Martinsson

Danish and Saxon Uniforms in the
Battle of Gadebusch

It is not easy to determine how the Danish army looked like in the battle of Gadebusch 1712 (9 December Old Style and 20 December New Style). The reason to this is a new uniform regulation from 24 October 1711 (NS) which determined that all Danish regiments henceforth should have red coats instead of light grey coats as before. Each regiments had individual colours on the facings and these were also changed when they got their new red coats. These changes were however not carried out overnight but gradually as the old uniforms were worn out. The dates when each regiment got the red coats is unfortunately often unknown and the battle of Gadebusch occurred in the middle of this process, thus making the exact distribution of red and grey coats uncertain. Additionally the cavalry had together with their red or grey coat also a buff coat which they usually wore in battle. Furthermore there were other variations from the official uniform colours. Dronningens Livregiment (Queen's Life Regiment) was for example in such bad condition that it only participated with one battalion in the battle and it was dressed in red, grey and blue (captured Swedish) coats with some of them having patches of 40 different colours. More information about Danish uniforms can be obtained by clicking on the images.

The Saxon regiments had on the other hand red coats already when the war began. Note however that the Saxon cuirassiers on this page are not depicted with their cuirasses on the outside of the coat as the Danish cuirassiers. This is based on the information from Daniel Schorr's article on the Saxon army. I do not know if this difference is because of actual differences between these two armies or if it is due to different opinions from Schorr and Torstein Snorrason (who wrote about the Danes) on how cuirasses were worn in this age.

First Line
(A coherent line of Danish cavalry after a regrouping just before the battle, earlier the infantry had been in the centre)

Left Wing
 

Right Wing
 


Bülow's dragoon Regiment
(3 squadrons)

1st Jyske
Cavalry Reg.
(3 squadrons)

1st Fynske Cavalry Reg.
(5 squadrons)

3rd Sjællandske Cavalry Reg.
(3 squadrons)

2nd Fynske Cavalry Reg.
(3 squadrons)

Dewitz'
Cuirassier Reg.
(6 squadrons)

Livgarden til Hest
(Horse Guards)
(3 squadrons)

Livregiment Dragoons
(4 squadrons)

Second Line
(A coherent line of Danish cavalry after a regrouping just before the battle, earlier the infantry had been in the centre)
 

Bülow's Dragoon Regiment

(3 squadrons)

Jyske National Cuirassiers

(6 squadrons)
 
 Brockdorff's Cuirassier Reg.
(4 squadrons)

1st Sjællandske Cavalry Reg.
(3 squadrons)

Livregiment Dragoons
(2 squadrons)


Third Line
(Saxon cavalry which arrived late)
 


Weissenfels' Dragoon Regiment
(4 squadrons)

Brause's
Dragoon Regiment
(4 squadrons)

Königin (Queen's) Cuirassier Reg.
(4 squadrons)

Johnston's Cuirassier Reg.
(4 squadrons)

Kurprinz' Cuirassier Reg.
(4 squadrons)

Prince Alexander's Cuirassier Reg.

(4 squadrons)

Baudissin's
Dragoon Regiment
(4 squadrons)

Bayreuth's
Dragoon Regiment
(4 squadrons)

Fourth Line
(This was the first line in the centre until a regrouping just before the battle)
 

Grenadier Corps

(2 battalions)


Arnold's
Regiment
(2 battalions)


Friis' Regiment

(2 battalions)

Marine Regiment

(2 battalions)

Livgarden til Fods
(Foot Guards)
(2 battalions)

When the battle began Livgarden, Marine Regiment, Arnold's and Dronningen's Regiments as well as a battalion from Friies' Regiment were moved forwards so that they fought in front of the first line together with the artillery. Prince Christian's Regiment may also have participated in that movement.

The rest of the infantry had to fight the Swedish right wing which attacked their flank.


Artillery Regiment
(13 cannons and 300 men)

Fifth Line
(This was the second line in the centre until a regrouping just before the battle)
 

Prince Christian's Regiment
(1 battalion)


Zepelin's Regiment
(2 battalions)


Kragh's
Regiment
(1 battalion)


Viborgske
National Militia
(1 battalion)


Århusiske
National Militia
(1 battalion)


Staffeldt's
Regiment
(1 battalion)


Dronningen's Livregiment
(1 battalion)

Swedish uniforms in the battle of Gadebusch.