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  NARVA 1700
 
  Swedish order of battle
  Uniforms:
 
 
  KLISZOW 1702
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  FRAUSTADT 1706
 
  Uniforms:
  Russian corps 1704-06
 
 
  LESNAYA 1708
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  POLTAVA 1709
 
  Road to Poltava
  Battle of Poltava
  Swedish strength
  Russian strength
  Uniforms:
  Redoubt battle
  Roos' battalions
  Main battle

 
 
  HELSINGBORG 1710
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  GADEBUSCH 1712
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  STRESOW 1715
 
 
Uniforms:
  Coalition army
 

Örjan Martinsson

Swedish Uniforms in the battle of Narva

At the battle of Narva the Swedish Regiments probably had the following uniforms and strengths. The uniform information comes from Lars-Eric Höglund's book while the strength reports comes from the work by the Swedish General Staff "Karl XII på slagfältet" and Margus Laidre's book "Segern vid Narva". Höglund's book only mentions the colours on the uniforms and not so much about how they were cut. I have with a few exceptions illustrated the regiments with the same cut as the classic Carolean uniform (also called the younger Carolean uniform). But as early as 1700 the real uniforms could still have retained older features such as floppy hats and coats without turnbacks. The Drabant Corps is depicted with an older hat because an engraving of a dinner attended by Charles XII and Augustus the Strong at Altranstädt show that the Drabants had as late as 1706 hats with only one side folded up. It is likely that many more regiments had this older type of hat at the time of the battle of Kliszow.

Infantry


Livgardet
1 700 men
6 battalions

Dal-regiment
 661 men
2 battalions

Hälsinge Regiment
568 men
2 battalions


Västmanland Regiment
556 men
3 battalions


Närke-Värmland Regiment
732 men
2 battalions


Åbo, Björneborg & Nyland's 3-männings
360 men
1 battalion


Tavastehus, Viborg & Savolax 3-männings
379 men
1 battalion


There was also a Combined Finnish Regiment with 933 men in 4 battalions which consisted of contingents from the following regiments:
 


Åbo


Björneborg


Tavastehus


Viborg


Savolax


Nyland

 


Cavalry
 


Drabant Corps

158 men
2 squadrons
 

Liv-dragoon Regiment
514 men
8 squadrons

Åbo & Björneborg Cavalry Regiment
750 men
7 squadrons

Nyland
Cavalry Regiment

650 men
9 squadrons

Karelska
Cavalry Regiment

700 men
7 squadrons

Karelska Land-dragoon Battalion
302 men
2 squadrons

Åbo, Nyland & Viborg's 3-männing Cavalry
340 men
2 squadrons


Estonian Adelsfana
400 men
3 squadrons


Estonian
Cavalry Regiment

500 men
3 squadrons

Infantry:
Cavalry:
Artillery:
Sum:
   5 889 men
   4 314 men
      334 men
10 537 men

Artillery Regiment
334 men
37 guns

Among the individual regiments are the uniforms of the Finnish 3-männing infantry those that are most uncertain. Höglund only mention that Åbo, Björneborg & Nyland's 3-männings had grey "vadmal" (coarse wool, usually undyed) cloths and grey stockings. Tavastehus, Viborg and Savolax 3-männings had in 1702 blue coats and yellow facings but by then Åbo, Björneborg & Nyland's 3-männings also had the same blue uniforms. It is therefore probable that both 3-männing regiments had grey vadmal cloths in 1700. In Höglund's book Åbo, Björneborg & Nyland's 3-männings are illustrated with all-grey uniforms but I am sceptical to having all details of the uniform grey. By comparing other regiments of the same type it is possible to gain some extra clues. All Finnish double regiments which were raised in the same manner as the 3-männings (but later in the year) had vadmal breeches which make it likely that also the 3-männings had grey vadmal breeches. Information about waistcoats is remarkably rare for Finnish infantry regiments, but in the Swedish army they were usually made of animal hide so I have illustrated them with that. They can however also have had grey waistcoats since they had grey breeches, which also usually were made of animal hide in the Swedish army. On the other hand I do not believe that the facings and lining were grey since all-grey uniforms were very uncommon and hardly desirable. They probably had a contrasting colour and the question really is just if it was blue or yellow. Both colours are equally good candidates. 3-männing regiments in Sweden proper had in all cases blue facing while all Finnish double regiments had yellow facings. But the fact that also the Finnish 3-männing cavalry and one double cavalry regiment (Nyland) had yellow facing would suggest that yellow was the facing colour used for all Finnish regiments of this type (Karelska Double Cavalry Regiment had however blue facings). The headgears are completely unknown for both the Finnish 3-männing infantry and the double infantry regiments. The 3-männing Regiments in Sweden proper seems however to have in every case been issued hats, regardless if their parent regiment had "karpus". I have depicted the hats with a white trim which is what I always do when the colour is not mentioned. During the Great Northern War there were however many different colours on the 3-männing's hat trims. White, yellow, blue and blue-yellow hat trims are all documented.

Narva Garrison


Ingermanland
Garrison Regiment

1 400 men
 

Estonian
Cavalry Regiment

150 men
2 companies

Ingermanland
Adelsfana

"a small number"
2 captains in command

Narva's garrison was estimated by themselves to be between 1 800 and 1 900 men. Apart from the units above this force also included 400 armed townspeople. The commandant could also dispose of over 300 peasants who had been sent there from Viborg County as labour to improve the fortifications.

The Ingermanland Garrison Regiment was originally recruited from the formerly Danish province of Scania (Skåne) and at the muster in June 1699 there were still 216 Scanians serving in the regiment. The main part was however composed of 592 Finns and 416 Ingrians. Apart from these there were also 84 "Swedes", 74 Livonians and 53 Estonians as well as a few Reich-Germans, Courlanders, Danes and finally one person each from Norway, Prussia and Poland. The average age was as high as 36 years (The Scanians were probably among the more older soldiers).

Read also about Russian uniforms or the Swedish order of battle.