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  POPULATION:
 
  British Isles
  Western Europe

  Benelux
  Scandinavia
  Germany
  Central Europe
  Italy
  Baltic States
  Eastern Europe
  Western Balkans
  Eastern Balkans

  _____________________
 
  Swedish Counties
 

Örjan Martinsson

Population of Eastern Europe

 Tsar-Russia
 

Soviet Union
 

1500
1550
1600
1650
6.0
11.0
13.0 - 15.0
15.0

1820
1830
1840
1850

48.6
56.1
62.4
68.5

1917
1926
1931
1939

184.6
147.0
161.0
170.5

1722
1750
before 1789
14.0
23.0
25.0

1860
1870
1880

74.1
84.5
97.7

1940
1950
1960

191.7
181.0
214.2

1795
1800
1810
1815

29.0
35.5
40.7
45.0

1890
1900
1910
 

11.,8
132.9
160.7
 

1970
1980
1990
2000

242.8
265.5
288.6
(290.5)

In this section Eastern Europe is defined as the territory of old Tsar-Russia and the former Soviet Union. This Russia was a large but scarcely populated country on the outskirts of Europe until the 18th century. It was Peter the Great who transformed Russia into a major European power and he and his successors expanded Russia to the west. But Russia did not have the largest population in Europe at that time, it was the rapid population growth during the 19th century that made Russia to the giant state that dominated Europe’s modern history. The First World War ended in disaster with great losses of territory and the communist revolution 1917 transformed the country into the Soviet Union. This state re-conquered several of the lost territories during the Second World War, but a chronic bad economy prompted its dissolution 1991. The Soviet Union was then replaced by the considerably smaller Russian Federation.

Russian Federation

1926
1931
1939
1960
1970
1979
1990
1991
2000
2010

93.5
111.2
109.3
118.9
130.1
137.6
148.0
148.6
146.0
142.9

The state that today is Russia was originally a part republic of the Soviet Union. It is an independent state since 1992. Russia population is decreasing despite of a large immigration from the other former Soviet republics and there are no signs that this trend is going to change.

Russian Provinces and Soviet Republics

  1811 1838 1851 1863 1885 1897 1914
2000
2010
Bessarabia
Caucasus
Turkestan
0.300 0.790 0.874
2.7
1.0
4.2
1.5
7.3
3.7
1.9
9.3
5.3
2.7
12.7
7.1
 
1926
1931 1939 1960 1970 1979 1990
Belarus
Ukraine
Moldavia
5.0
29.0
 
5.2
31.4
 
5.6
40.0
3.4
8.1
41.9
2.9
9.0
47.7
3.6
9.5
49.8
3.9
10.3
51.8
4.4
10.4
49.2
4.5
9.8
46.4
4.1
Georgia
Armenia
Azerbaijan
2.7
0.9
2.3
2.9
1.0
2.5
3.5
1.3
3.2
4.0
1.8
3.7
4.7
2.5
5.1
5.0
3.0
6.0
5.5
3.3
7.1
5.0
3.4
7.9
4.7
3.3
9.0
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
Turkmenistan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
6.1
4.6
1.0
1.0
1.0
7.1
4.7
1.1
1.1
1.2
6.1
6.3
1.3
1.5
1.5
9.3
8.1
1.5
2.1
2.0
13.0
11.8
2.2
2.9
2.9
14.7
15.4
2.8
3.5
3.8
16.7
20.3
3.6
4.4
5.3
16.8
24.1
4.3
4.5
6.1
15.2
27.4
5.0
5.4
6.9

Most of Bessarabia became the Soviet republic of Moldavian. Caucasus consisted of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Turkestan consisted of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

Read about Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania on this page.