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  POPULATION:
 
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  _____________________
 
  Swedish Counties
 

Örjan Martinsson

Population of Scandinavia

In 1749 Sweden began as the first country in the world to keep reliable records of its population. The figures for Sweden after that year are exact but for the earlier years are they just estimates that gets more uncertain the further back in time they are.

Modern Estimates of the Population
(Sweden have two columns with alternative estimates)

Sweden

Finland

 

Denmark

Norway

1571
1620
0.639
0.854
0.900
 
0.300
 
800
1200
0.900
1.000
0.550
 
 
1650
1695

1700


1.363
1.225

1.485
0.450
0.500
 
1500
1600
1650


0.800

0.570
 
0.225
0.400
0.450
1718
1721
 
1.408

 

1.440
 

0.391
 
1655
1660
1720
0.680
0.600
0.720
 
 

Sweden have two columns with alternative estimates because different methods have been used, however both refer to Sweden within its present borders (those in violet are more likely). Denmark's two columns on the other hand refer to different territories; figures in violet = within Denmark's historical borders (i.e. also the Scanian lands and Schleswig), figures in blue = within Denmark's present borders. A more detailed discussion about these estimates are available in Swedish.

Iceland's population is believed to have varied between 40 000 and 60 000 from the tenth century to the middle of the nineteenth century.

Official Population Statistics

Sweden

Finland

Denmark

Norway

Iceland
1703
1740
1750
1760
1770


1.781
1.925
2.043


0.422
0.491
0.561




0.798


0.625
0.680
0.730
0.050
0.045
0.048
0.044
0.047
1780
1790
1800

1810
1820
2.118
2.188
2.347
2.396
2.585
0.664
0.706
0.933
0.863
1.178

0.842
0.929

1.100
0.760
0.800
0.883
0.900
0.970
0.051
0.040
0.046
0.048
0.048
1830
1840
1850

1860
1870
2.888
3.139
3.483
3.860
4.169
1.372
1.446
1.637
1.747
1.769
1.210
1.289
1.415
1.608
1.785
1.120
1.240
1.390
1.600
1.730
0.051
0.057
0.060
0.068
0.069
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
4.566
4.785
5.136
5.522
5.904
2.061
2.380
2.656
2.943
3.148
1.969
2.172
2.430
2.740
3.280
1.920
2.001
2.243
2.392
2.653
0.072
0.071
0.078
0.085
0.093
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
6.142
6.371
7.042
7.498
8.081
3.463
3.696
4.030
4.446
4.598
3.551
3.844
4.281
4.585
4.938
2.814
2.970
3.278
3.591
3.874
0.106
0.120
0.141
0.174
0.204

1980
1990

2000
2010

8.318
8.591
8.861
9.416

4.771
4.998
5.171
5.378

5.125
5.140
5.330
5.535

4.091
4.247
4.478
4.858

0.227
0.254
0.279
0.318

The figures for Denmark and Norway 1770 and 1800  refers to 1769 and 1801 respectively. Apart from these years are the Norwegian statistics before 1800 just estimates. Iceland's figures come from www.statice.is..

There is also a page on the Swedish counties.