Kings of Macedonia
Macedonia is the name of a region on the Balkans covering areas that are
part of the present republics of Greece, Bulgaria and North Macedonia. It originated
from a Hellenic kingdom located in what is today northern Greece. The inhabitants
were Greeks according to the history writer Herodotus. But this ethnicity was
disputed by other Greeks and it was not until the forth century BC, when
Macedonia had become a great power, that they with force got this recognition and was
allowed to participate in the Pan-Hellenic games. This age of greatness also meant
that Macedonia's territory grew to also encompass the present day republic of
North Macedonia. The "Greek" Macedonia however remained the core region of
the kingdom until it was completely conquered by the Romans 148 BC.
A migration of Slavic people during the seventh century AD into the region
dramatically changed the demographic composition and sowed the seeds to the present
conflict between Greece and North Macedonia over the question of which people are the
rightful heir to the old Macedonian kingdom.
Concerning the foundation of the kingdom there are conflicting reports in the sources.
Herodotus claimed that it was Perdikkas I who created the kingdom while Theopompos
alleged that this achievement was done earlier by Karanos. All sources
from the Antiquity are however in agreement that the first Macedonian royal family
descended from the Greek city of Argos (which the dynasty is named after).
|808-778 f. Kr.
Orestes and Aeropus II
Amyntas III (restored)
Alexandros o Megas (Alexander the
Filippos III Arrhidaeus
Alexandros V and Antipater II
Ag = Antigonid, Ap =
P = Ptolemaic
|Demetrios I Poliorketes
Pyrrhos (the famous
Ptolemaios II Keraunos
Antipater II Etesias
148 f. Kr.
|Antigonos II Gonatas
Antigonos II Gonatas (restored)
Demetrios II Aetolicus
Antigonos III Doson
Partitioned by Rome into four republics
Macedonia become a
The Roman Empire lost control over Macedonia during the seventh century AD when
Slavic people settled in the region. These Slavic areas became part of
Bulgaria in the ninth century. When the Byzantine
Empire conquered eastern Bulgaria 971 AD Macedonia became the core region
of what remained of the Bulgarian state. In the year 1018 this part of
Bulgaria was also conquered by the Byzantines. The Bulgarian state was restored 1185
after a rebellion and controlled most of Macedonia until this area was
conquered by Serbia in 1330. The Serb rule of Macedonia
lasted only until 1371 when it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire
who controlled the region until the Balkan Wars 1912-1913. This war resulted in the
partitioning of Macedonia between the victorious states of Greece,
Bulgaria and Serbia. The Serbian part of Macedonia was occupied by Bulgaria 1941-1945
and became 1991 an independent republic.