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  NARVA 1700
 
  Swedish order of battle
  Uniforms:
 
 
  KLISZOW 1702
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  FRAUSTADT 1706
 
  Uniforms:
  Russian corps 1704-06
 
 
  LESNAYA 1708
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  POLTAVA 1709
 
  Road to Poltava
  Battle of Poltava
  Swedish strength
  Russian strength
  Uniforms:
  Redoubt battle
  Roos' battalions
  Main battle

 
 
  HELSINGBORG 1710
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  GADEBUSCH 1712
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  STRESOW 1715
 
 
Uniforms:
  Coalition army
 

Örjan Martinsson

Battles and Sieges of the
Great Northern War

When the Great Northern War started in 1700 Sweden was the dominant military power in north-eastern Europe, controlling most provinces along the shores of the Baltic Sea. But it was a country with very limited resources and incapable of defending its position if attacked by several countries at once. Sweden's neighbours knew that and Denmark-Norway, Saxony and Russia secretly formed a coalition and launched a surprise attack on three fronts. At a later stage they were joined by Prussia and Hanover. But despite the coalition members' optimistic expectations of quick gains, the Swedish army led by Charles XII proved to be a formidable foe. This war that eventually led to the end of Sweden's age of greatness also contained its greatest moments. Almost always fighting against numerically superior armies (usually at least two times greater) Sweden managed to win a series of great battlefield victories at Narva, Düna, Kliszow, Fraustadt, Holowczyn, Helsingborg and Gadebusch. But Sweden also suffered its most catastrophic defeat ever at Poltava and the list of fortresses falling to the enemies during the latter half of the war is very long. The growing power of Russia proved too much and in the end it replaced Sweden as the dominant power in the Baltic Sea region.

The following list of battles and sieges is a selection of the most important events of the Great Northern War. All dates are according to the contemporary Swedish calendar which differs from the Julian calendar (Old Style) by one day until 1712 and from the Gregorian calendar (New Style) with ten days until 1712 when the difference increased to eleven days. This means that the battle of Narva is shown to have happened on 20 November, even though the Gregorian calendar which we use today date it to 30 November and the Russians who used the Julian calendar at the time date the battle to 19 November.

= Denmark, = Hanover, = Prussia, = Russia, = Saxony

Swedish victory Swedish defeat Pitched battle Seized fortress Naval battle

Date (Swedish calendar)

Name

Swedish Commander

Opponent

Theatre of War
1700  25 July Humlebæk Charles XII Denmark
 20 November Narva Charles XII Baltic provincies
1701
 9 July
Düna
Charles XII Baltic provincies
 5 September Rauge W. A. Schlippenbach Baltic provincies
 30 December
Erastfer
W. A. Schlippenbach Baltic provincies
1702
 9 July
Kliszow
Charles XII Poland
 19 July
Hummelshof
W. A. Schlippenbach Baltic provincies
 13 October Nöteborg G. V. Schlippenbach Baltic provincies
1703
 19 March
Saladen
Lewenhaupt Baltic provincies
 21 April Pultusk Charles XII Poland
 2 May Nyenskans Apolloff Baltic provincies
 9 July Systerbäck Cronhjort Finland
 15 May-4 October Thorn Charles XII Poland
1704
 16 June Wesenberg W. A. Schlippenbach Baltic provincies
 4 June-13 July Dorpat Skytte Baltic provincies
 26 July
Jakobstadt
Lewenhaupt Baltic provincies
 27 June-9 August Narva Horn Baltic provincies
 9 August Posen Meijerfeldt Poland
 28 October Punitz Charles XII Poland
1705  16 July Gemäuerthof Lewenhaupt Baltic provincies
 21 July Warszawa Nieroth Poland
1706  15 January Grodno Charles XII Belarus
 3 February Fraustadt Rehnsköld Poland
 19 October
Kalisz
Mardefelt Poland
1708
 4 July
Holowczyn
Charles XII Belarus
Belarus
Belarus
 31 August Malatitze Roos
 10 September Rajovka Charles XII
 29 September
Ljesna
Lewenhaupt Belarus
1709  7 January Veprik Charles XII Ukraine
 28 June
Poltava
Rehnsköld Ukraine
1710
 28 February
Helsingborg
Stenbock Sweden
 13 June Viborg Stiernstråle Finland
 1 February-11 July Riga Stromberg Baltic provincies
 12 August Pernau Schwengeln Baltic provincies
 9 September Kexholm Stiernschantz Finland
 24-27 September Köge bukt Wachtmeister Denmark
 29 September Reval   Baltic provincies
1711  10 July Prut  - Moldavia
 4 December Wismar Schoultz Germany
1712
 August
Stade
Stackelberg Germany
 9 December Gadebusch Stenbock Germany
1713
 5 May
Tönningen
Stenbock Denmark
 6 October Pälkäne Armfelt Finland
1714  19 February Storkyro Armfelt Finland
 27 July Hangöudd Wattrang Finland
 29 July Nyslott Busch Finland
1715  13 April Femer bält Wachtmeister Germany
 28 July Rügen Sparre Germany
 5 November Stresow Charles XII Germany
 22 December Stralsund Charles XII Germany
1716  24 February Kajaneborg   Finland
 8 April Wismar   Germany
 8 July Dynekilen Strömstierna Sweden
1717  8 July Strömstad Giertta Sweden
1719  15 July Marstrand   Sweden
 13 August Stäket Dahlheim/Fuchs Sweden
1720  27 July Ledsund Siöblad Finland