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  Uniforms:
 
 
  KLISZOW 1702
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  FRAUSTADT 1706
 
  Uniforms:
  Russian corps 1704-06
 
 
  LESNAYA 1708
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  POLTAVA 1709
 
  Road to Poltava
  Battle of Poltava
  Swedish strength
  Russian strength
  Uniforms:
  Redoubt battle
  Roos' battalions
  Main battle

 
 
  HELSINGBORG 1710
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  GADEBUSCH 1712
 
  Uniforms:
 
 
  STRESOW 1715
 
 
Uniforms:
  Coalition army
 

Örjan Martinsson

Russian Uniforms in the Battle of Poltava

An impression of how the Russian army looked like in the battle of Poltava is given on this page. The uncertainties are however many because the pieces of information about Russian uniforms (all collected from Lars-Eric Höglund's book) are few and fragmentary. I have on this page chosen to show the known uniform details for each regiment that are closest in time with the battle of Lesnaya. Uniforms colours could however often change dramatically when regiments received new uniforms, which happened within regular intervals. I have in those cases where the uniform information is incomplete solved the problem by adding a question mark if the stocking colour or headgear is unknown. I have as a rule assumed that lining, facings, breeches and waistcoats had the same colour if any of these cloths items are not mentioned. If only the colour of the coat is known have I made qualified guesses and illustrated the facings as red or green. These highly speculative uniforms are depicted with a grey background. Finally I have made the colour of the hat trims white and buttons of brass in those cases were this is unknown.

The order of battle on this page is mostly based on information from Bertil Wennerholm's book "Emporterade troféer" (specifically the so called Peter the Great's plan). None of the horse grenadier regiments are however mentioned by their individual names in that order of battle. These have been identified by using Angus Konstam's book "Poltava 1709 - Russia comes of age".  The presentation of the dragoon regiments in Heinske's and Volkonsky's commands are based on information from the Russian historian Pavel Krutov.

Right (North) Wing

 
Menshikov's
Life Squadron


A. Kropotov's Horse Grenadiers


von der Roops hästgrenadjärer


Moscowski
 


Vladimirski
 


Sibirski
 

 

Nizhegorodski
 


Vyatski
 


Belozerski
 


Nevski
 


Archangelgorodski
 


G. Kropotov's Horse Grenadiers


Centre
(Was deployed in two lines. Each regiment had half of its battalions in each line.
If the number of battalions in a regiment was not even then the odd battalion stood in the first line)

 

Golitsyn's Division

Bieltz' Grenadier Regiment
(1 battalion)

Preobrazhenski
(4 battalions)
Semenovski
(3 battalions)
Ingermanlandski
(3 battalions)
Astrachanski
(2 battalions)
Repnin's Division
Repnins Grenadier Regiment
(2 battalions)

Kievski
(3 battalions)

Schlüsselburgski
(2 battalions)

Narvski
(3 battalions)

Novgorodski
(2 battalions)

Butyrski
(2 battalions)
Hallart's Division

Moscowski
(3 battalions)

Sibirski
(2 battalions)

Pskovski
(2 battalions)

Kazanski
(2 battalions)

Vologodski
(2 battalions)

Nizhegorodski
(2 battalions)

Busch's Grenadier Regiment
(2 battalions)


Left (South) Wing

 



 
 

Yaroslavski

Novgorodski

Vologodski

Ingermanlandski
 

Kievski

Life Regiment
 


Redoubt Garrison
(Including the ten redoubts passed by the Swedish army and possibly two redoubts at Yakovtsy)
 
Belgorodski
(3 battalions)
Verden's Regiment
(
2 battalions)
Yamburgski
(2 battalions)
Nelidov's Regiment
(2 battalions)
K. Nekludov's Regiment
(2 battalions)
Nechaev's Streltsy Regiment
(2 battalions)

Post at Yakovtsy
(Fought the Vallack Regiment)
 

Artillery
(Kargopolski Regiment added manpower to the gun crews)
     
Rostovski
Dragoon Regiment
Ustyuzhski Dragoon Regiment Artillery Regiment Kargopolski Infantry Regiment


According to Peter Englund there were eight squadrons (i.e. two dragoon regiments) at Yakovtsy together with two infantry battalions. I have got the names of the dragoon regiments from Nicholas Dorrell's book "The Dawn of the Tsarist Empire". The infantry is however unknown but they may have been part of the force mentioned as garrison in the redoubts.

Heinske's and Rentzel's Commands
(Did not participate in the main battle but fought the lost Swedish battalions commanded by Roos)
 

Smolenski
Dragoon Regimett
Troitski
Dragoon Regiment

Yamburgski
Dragoon Regiment

Kargopolski Dragoon Regiment

Ranenburgski
Dragoon Squadron

Koporski
(2 battalions)
 

Tobolski
(2 battalions)

von Fichtenheim's Regiment
(1 battalion)

Reinforcements to Rentzel
 
Left in the Fortified Camp

Rostovski
(2 battalions)
 

du Bois' Grenadier Regiment
(1 battalion)

Bieltz' Grenadier Regiment
(1 battalion)

Apraxin's Regiment
(1 battalion)
 

Troitski
(2 battalions)
 
Rentzel's Regiment
(2 battalions)
 

Lefort's Regiment
(2 battalions)
 

du Bois' Grenadier Regimentt
(1 battalion)


Volkonskij's Command
(Six dragoon regiments which were detached to support Skoropadsky's Cossacks)
 

Azovski Kazanski Novotroitski Ryazanski St. Petersburgski Tverski

Poltava Garrison
 

Artillery Regiment
(c. 100 men)

Tverski
(2 battalions)
Ustyuzhski
(2 battalions)
Permski
(1 battalion)
Apraxin's Regiment
(1 battalion)
von Fichtenheim's Regiment
(1 battalion)
Poltava Cossack Regiment
(a few companies)
Armed townspeople

Finally I have to mention that Höglund's book states that many more regiments participated in the battle of Poltava than those that are presented here. Specifically an additional 16 regiments and then have Höglund still left out three of the regiments on this page. Uniform information for these 16 regiments can be found here.

Information about how strong the Russian regiments were can be found on this page.
Read also about Swedish uniforms in the battle of Poltava.