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Örjan Martinsson

Russian Cavalry Uniforms
1700-1721

Information about Russian uniforms for the first half of the Great Northern War is unfortunately in short supply since the Russian army lost their archives during their failed campaign against the Turks at Prut in 1711. In addition to that most Russian regiments did not have stable uniform colours during this period and they frequently changed colours each time they received new uniforms. All this means that any attempt to illustrate Russian uniforms in the battles of the Great Northern War will inevitable be more or less speculative. This is also true for the images on this page which should be viewed as qualified guesses on how the uniforms looked like in the battle of Poltava (and in some cases also their Eastern uniforms in the battle of Narva).

For a long time there was no good literature available on this subject since for example the Osprey books covering Peter the Great's army by Angus Konstam (1993-94) got its information A. V. Viskovatov's Russian-language work from the 19th century, which has proven to be a very unreliable source. Thorough archive research resulted however in a Russian-language book on the Russian army 1700-1730 by K. V. Tatarnikov in 2008 and its uniform data is since 2018 available in English in the book "The Russian Army in the Great Northern War 1700-21" by Boris Megorsky. It is the latter book that is my main source to my pages on Russian uniforms. But alongside Megorsky's information I have also included information from Lars-Eric Höglund and Alexander Bespalov's book  "Stora nordiska kriget 1700-1721, III" from 2004. In those cases Höglund/Bespalov have uniform data that is not mentioned by Megorsky it usually means they got it from Viskovatov which, as previously stated, is not a reliable source. But for anyone who wants to paint miniature figures, unreliable information is still better than no information at all.

Russian Uniforms in General

In the beginning of the Great Northern War the Russian army still used Eastern style uniforms and it was not until December 1702 the first Western style uniforms began to be issued. Because coats were only replaced about every third year, it was not until 1705 when Western uniforms had fully replaced the older uniforms. During the transition period regiments could be seen wearing a mix of Eastern and Western equipment such as a Western coat but a cap trimmed with bearskin and older boots.

The earliest Western coats may have had double rows of buttons (similar to Danish coats) but in 1708 the Preobrazhenski Guard was to be issued coats with a single row of buttons and the rest of the army followed their example. Although as late as 1711 there were still several regiments with double breasted coats. The buttons on the early coats were covered with cloth but it then became standard that the infantry was to have pewter buttons while grenadiers and dragoons were to have brass buttons.

Initially the coats did not have a collar at all or a standing collar in the same colour as the coat. A falling collar was introduced for the artillery 1704, for dragoons 1706 and for the Guard in 1712.

There was a considerable variation in colours but from 1708 it was decided that green was the preferred colour on an infantry coat. A shortage of cloth with the right colour meant however that the regiments had to settle for whatever was available and the colour could change dramatically each time the regiment was issued new uniforms.


Menshikov's Life Squadron

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1706 i Gomel with chosen men from other dragoon regiments)
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1705)
 
1706 Dark green coat with double rows of gilded buttons, cuffs and collar red trimmed with gold lace, red vest with lace, red breeches, red cloak with yellow lining, black neckcloth, hat with gold lace, belts laid with lace and probably blue cloth. Unknown uniform
1707 Blue grenadier caps with brass plates. "edges laid with lace in three rows - gold and silver inside". Poltava.
1709 Dark green coat with single row of gilded buttons (NCO coats had lace on cuffs pockets and collar), vest and breeches of moose leather,  red cloak with dark green lining, light green karpus with red flaps and cross laid of gold lace on the crown, lace on NCO belts.
1719 Karpus, grenadier cap.

Not mentioned by Boris Megorsky

Compare it though with Arkhangelgorodski Dragoon Regiment which was also led by Sheremetev.

According to Angus Konstam

Both Menshikov's and Sheremetev's life squadrons were raised 1704. They were merged 1719 and created the new Life Regiment (the former Life Regiment changed its name to S:t Petersburgski Dragoon Regiment).


Sheremetev's Life Squadron

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1703?)
 

1703 Hat with white lace, red coat with white lining and cuffs, leather vest, leather breeches, red neckcloth, red cloak with white lining.
 

Narva 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, Holowczyn 1708, Rajovka 1708, Poltava 1709.


Andrey Kropotov's
 Horse Grenadiers

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1709: Andrey Kropotov
1709: Semen Khlopov
 
1708: A. Kropotov
1709: T. Chirikov
1710: S. Khlopov
1711: Polonski
 
1709 Green coat, red vest, red breeches, red cloak, cap. Unknown uniform

Schamov and Plozk 1708, Gadatj and Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.

1715 Leather breeches, red cloak.
1718 Leather vest.
1719 Blue coat with brass buttons, white collar, white cuffs, white lining.

According to Megorsky the regiment was formed in 1709 with the grenadier companies from Arkhangelgorodski, Kievski, Moskovski, Novotroitski, Rostovski, Sibirski, Smolenski, Vladimirski, Vyatski and Yaroslavski regiments. Note that Megorsky also writes that Kievski was included in von der Ropp's Regiment. The same regiments which Megorsky has placed in Andrey Kropotov's Regiment are stated by Höglund/Bespalov to have belonged to G. Kropotov's Regiment, but instead of Kievski they have written Nevski.

According to Höglund/Bespalov, A. Kropotov's Regiment consisted of the companies which Megorsky has placed in Gavrila Kropotov's Regiment, that is: Azovski, Belozerski, Ingermanlandski, Kazanski, Nizhegorodski, Ryazanski, S:t Petersburgski, Tverski, Troitski and Yamburgski regiments.


Gavrila Kropotov's
Horse Grenadiers

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1709: Gavrila Kropotov
1720: Osip Scherbatov
 
1709: G. Kropotov
1709 Dark green coat, grenadier caps. NCO coats had lace. Drummers had braids on their coats. 1709 Green coat, green grenadier cap.
1711 Leather breeches.
1712 Dark green coat, leather breeches, caps.
1715 Blue coat, leather vest. Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.
1716 Red cloak with green lining, red neckcloth..
1718 Leather vest, red breeches, caps.
1719 Blue coat with brass buttons, red collar, cuffs, loops and lining red. Red cloak with blue lining

According to Megorsky the regiment was formed in 1709 with 10 grenadier companies from  Azovski, Belozerski, Ingermanlandski, Kazanski, Nizhegorodski, Ryazanski, S:t Petersburgski, Tverski, Troitski and Yamburgski.

According to Höglund/Bespalov it was A. Kropotov's Regiment which got these companies while G. Kropotov's Regiments was formed with companies from Moskovski, Vladimirski, Sibirski, Nevski, Arkhangelgorodski, Rostovski, Vyatski, Smolenski, Novotroitski and Yaroslavski regiments.


Von der Ropp's
Horse Grenadiers

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1709: Christopher von der Ropp
1720: von Mannstein

 
1709: C. von der Roop.
1711 Leather breeches, cap. Unknown uniform
1712 Green coat, leather breeches.
1713 Green coat, leather breeches.
1714 Green coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak.
1715 Green coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak, cap with covers. Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.
1718 Leather vest, red cloak, cap.
1718 Green coat, leather vest, cap.

Both Megorsky and Höglund/Bespalov states that the regiment was formed in 1709 with grenadier companies from Astrakhanski, Kargopolski, Kievski, Lutski, Narvski, Novgorodski, Permski, Pskovski, Ustyuzhski and Vologodski regiments.


Arkhangelgorodski
(raised 1703 in Jamburg with chosen men from other dragoon regiments)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  Colonel: Boris Sheremetev
 
1704: Shamodin
1704 Supposedly yellow coat with green cuffs, green vest and shoulder belt, karpus yellow with green. Light grey horses. 1705 Yellow coat with red lining and cuffs, hat with gold lace, leather vest, leather breeches, green neckcloth.
1708 Hat, yellow cloak with red lining, coat with red cuffs, lapels and collar. Red coat for drummers. Five white colours.
1709 Hats for grenadiers. Dorpat 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, in Astrakhan 1705-06, Rajovka 1708, Poltava 1709, Viborg 1710, Pomerania 1711-14, Poland 1716-17.
1710 Green coat, leather breeches, blue cloak, green karpus, stockings, boots, shoes, red neckcloth.
1714 White coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak, hat.
1717 752 blue coats with white facings and 308 white. leather vest, leather breeches, white karpus with blue facing, red cloak with green lining.
1719 Leather vest, white stockings.


Astrakhanski
(raised 1701 in Moscow)


According to Boris Megorsky

 
According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1701: Ivan Lvov
1702: Ivan Ignatiev
1705: Magnus Netlergost
 
1701: Prince of Lvov
1702: I. Ignatiev
1703: J. Miller-Felsen
1706 Dark green coat, red vest, red breeches. Gave 700 red coats to Pskovski Regiment.
1707 Green coat, hat, grenadier caps, Gave away 1391 old red coats.
1708 Green coat, leather breeches, red cloak. Ten white coats for barbers. ? Hat, blue coat with white lining and cuffs, leather vest, leather breeches.
1710 Hat, shoes, stockings, boots.
1711 Dark green coat and vest, red cloak, hat. Rauge and Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Narva 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, Kalisz 1706, suppressed Cossack rebellion at the Don 1707-08, Pomerania 1711-13.
1712 Red cloak, hat.
1714 Non-combatants: grey homespun coats, vest of coloured linen, sash.
1715 Blue coat, leather vest, red karpus.
1716 Red cloak with blue
1719 Dark green coat with brass buttons, red collar, cuffs and loops, red lining, leather vest, leather breeches, blue karpus with red flaps, dark green cloak with red lining. Ten white fourier pennants.

Not mentioned by Boris Megorsky
 

According to Angus Konstam

(raised 1706)

Colonel: Pavlov


Azovski

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1706 in Moscow with conscripts and men from disbanded units)

1706: Pavlov


170? Hat, blue coat, leather vest, leather breeches.

Holowczyn 1708, Rajovka 1708, Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.

Not mentioned by Boris Megorsky
 

According to Angus Konstam

(raised 1704)

Colonel: Apraxin


Belozerski

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1703 in Moscow, disbanded 1711 and the men transferred to Sibirski Dragoon Regiment)

1703: A. Schakovski
1704: P. Apraxin
1708: Postelnikov

1704?
Green coat with red lining and cuffs, blue karpus, leather breeches.
1706 Blue coat with brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, hat, red vest, red breeches, red neckcloth, blue cloak with red lining.

Narva 1704, Kalisz 1706, Holowczyn 1708, Rajovka 1708, Poltava 1709
Ingermanlandski
(raised 1703 in Moscow)

Colonel: Alexander Menshikov

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
1705 Hat with white tape, grenadier caps. 1712 Green coat with red lining and cuffs, green vest, leather breeches, red neckcloth, green cloak with red lining, hat
1708 Blue coat with red cuffs and red lining, leather breeches. red cloak with blue lining, hat.
1712 Dark green coat with red facings, dark green vest, moose leather breeches, dark green cloak with red lining, red neckcloth, hat. Viborg 1706, Kalisz 1706, Rajovka 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava 1709, Pomerania and Poland 1711-19.
1714 Hat.
1718 Karpus.


Yamburgski 1706-1712

The first dragoon regiment with this name was raised 1706 in Smolensk with men from the lower Volga region and Ukrainian cities. It was disbanded 1712 and its name was then given to the Ustyuzhski Dragoon Regiment

1706: F. Fastman
Prince of Lvov

Boris Megorsky does not mention this regiment and according to Höglund/Bespalov their uniforms were unknown. Even though the regiment was disbanded 1712 Höglund/Bespalov states that it was in Pomerania and Holstein 1713-14 (mix-up with the former Ustyuzhski Regiment?)

Rajovka 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Reval and Viborg 1710, Pomerania 1711-13, Holstein 1714.


Kargopolski
(raised 1707 in Moscow with conscripts)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1707: Ivan Boltin
1708: Marel de Karger
1709: Ivan Boltin
 
1707: I. Boltin
1706: Marelie de la Carrier
1707 Dark green coat, red vest, red breeches, hat, red neckcloth. Green chabraque and green holster covers with fringe.. 1706 Green coat with brass buttons, red lining, red cuffs, red vest, red breeches, red neckcloth, hat.
1709 Dark green coat and cloak, red vest, red breeches, hat, red neckcloth.
1712 White coat with blue lining. One white colour and nine reddish colours.
1713 Red cloak with green lining. Lesnaya 1708, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Riga 1710, Prut 1711, Pomerania 1711-12.
1714 White coat with red lining and red cuffs, Blue karpus with red lining..
1715 Leather vest, leather breeches, red neckcloth.
1716 Green cloak.
1717 Blue coat with white lining and white cuffs, white karpus with blue lining, leather vest, leather breeches.


Kazanski
(raised 1701 in Moscow)

According to Boris Megorsky

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
1701: Danila Shenshin
1702: Mikhail Zybin
1703: Andrey Akhmatov
1703: Afanasy Astafiev
 

1701: D. Shensin
1701: M. Zybin
1702: V. Grigorov
1703: A. Akhmatov
1703: A. Astafyev
1705: De Poulignie

Unknown uniform

Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Narva 1704, Prut 1711.

1712 Hat, quartermeister pennants of red and green cloth.
1715 Karpus.
1717 Karpus.
1721 Hat.


Kievski
(raised 1698 in Moscow)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1700: Andrey Shnevents
1701: Rodion Bauer
 
1698-1701: A. Schnewentz
1702: R. Bauer
1702-03: A. Schnewentz
1703: Leontiev

Unknown uniform

Narva 1700, Rappin 1701, Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Kalisz 1706, Rajovka 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava 1709, Pomerania 1711-17.

1700 Black colour.
1701 Black colour.
1712 Hat.
1714 Hat.
1715 Hat.
1719 Karpus.
1720 Red cloak.
1721 Green coat, karpus.


Koporski

Neither Boris Megorsky or Angus Konstam mention this regiment. Höglund/Bespalov states that there are no data about colonels, recruitment et cetera, but they do mention the following uniform data:

1706 Hat, blue coat with brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, red vest, red breeches, red neckcloth, blue cloak with red lining.

According to Pavel Konovalchuk and Einar Lyth's book "Vägen till Poltava - Slaget vid Lesnaja", Koporski participated in the battle of Lesnaya 1708.


Life Regiment
(raised 1707 with men from other regiments, S:t Petersburgski Regiment from 1719)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov

1707: A. Reshkov
 

  1707: Anton Eshov
 
1707 Blue coat, red vest, red breeches, red cloak, hat. Shabraque and holster covers blue. 1707 Blue coat with brass buttons, red lining, red cuffs, red vest, red breeches, red cloak, black hat.
1708 Hat 1708 Hat with yellow lace
1709 Green coat, hat. NCO hats and coats had silver lace. Drummer coats had silver lace and supposedly red "trip" (a velvet-like textile probably on facings). red vest, red breeches, red cloak. 1709 Hat with yellow lace or red karpus with blue lining, blue coat with brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, leather vest, leather breeches, black neckcloth, blue cloak with red lining.
1710 Green coat, red vest, red breeches.
1712 White coat with red cuffs and brass buttons, yellow vest leather breeches, red cloak, hat.
1715 Blue coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak, hat, red neckcloth. Holowczyn 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Oposhna 1709, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Riga 1710, Prut 1711, Poland 1711-18.
1717 Leather vest and leather breeches.
1719 Blue coat with brass buttons, collar, cuffs and lining white, white karpus with blue facing, blue cloak with red collar and red lining.


Lutski

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1705 in Koporje)

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1705 with men from Novgorod's military district)
  1705: Timofey Putyatin
1706: Rudolph von Schaumburg
1708: Fedor Chekin
 

1705: T. Putjatin
 
1706 Homespun grey coat with red. 1705/06 Grey coat.
1707 Blue coat with red, hat, grenadier cap. 1708 Grey coat with red lining and cuffs,
1711 Dark green coat, red cloak, karpus, grenadier cap.
1714 Dark green coat, blue breeches, red cloak. karpus, grenadier cap, non-combatants had grey homespun coats. 1716 Green coat, leather vest, leather breeches, blue karpus, red cloak.
1718 Red vest.
1720 Karpus.

Viborg 1706, Viborg and Kexholm 1710, Pälkäne 1713, Storkyro 1714. raids on the Swedish east coast 1719-20.

According to Boris Megorsky
 


Moskovski
(raised 1700 in Moscow)
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov

1700-02: J. Gulits (Goltz)
N. von Verden
K. Rönne
Rohznov
 

  1700: Efim Goulits
1702: Nikolay von Werden
1703: Carl-Evald Ronne
 
1700 Dark green coat, red cap and red sash.. Green colours.
1701 Two lemon colours. ? Hat, white coat with white cuffs, brown vest, brown breeches, red cloak.
1706 Nine green colours painted with silver, iron finials, one white colour with eagle painted with gold.
1707 Red neckcloth, hat, grenadier cap. Red chabraque for grenadiers. Five green colours with black eagle, including one white colour.
1709 Red cloak, hat.
1711 Red cloak with blue lining, leather vest, leather breeches, hat, black neckcloth. One red colour painted with white, brass finial.
1712 White coat with blue cuffs and blue lining, black neckcloth, hat. quartermeister pennants of green and red cloth. Nine red colours painted with gold, brass finials, one white colour painted with gold. 1712 White coat with blue cuffs and blue lining, leather vest, leather breeches, black neckcloth, hat, red cloak with blue lining.
1714 Karpus.
1718 Karpus

Narva 1700, Rappin 1701, Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Narva 1704, Grodno 1706, Kalisz 1706, Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.

Narvski
(raised 1705 in Belgorod)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov

1705: I. Pestov
1706: Pavier de Colderson
1707: J. Polonski
1707: J. von Millen-Felsen
 

  1705: Ivan Pestov
1705: Ivan Paur
1706: Ivan von Felzin
 
1706 Coat of coarse wool, hat. 1705, 1706, 1716 Grey coat, hat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak.

Viborg 1706, Lesnaya 1708, Viborg and Kexholm 1710, Pälkäne 1713, Storkyro 1714.

1708 Grenadier caps.
1711 Karpus, grenadier caps.
1714 Blue coat, red cloak, green karpus.

 
Nevski


According to Boris Megorsky

(raised 1704 in Moscow)
 


According to Höglund/Bespalov

(raised 1705 in Moscow with men from older cavalry units)

1705: J. Portessis
1706: Campbell

Unknown uniform

  1704: Jan Portess
1705: Anton von Stoltz
 
1706 Hat.
1707 Hat, grenadier caps.
1708 Hat.
1709 Hat. Grodno 1706, Kalisz 1706, Rajovka 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava 1709, Viborg and Kexholm 1710, Riga 1710, Pernau 1710, Pomerania 1711-17.
1711 Blue cloak.
1712 Dark green coat, leather vest, leather breeches, hat.
1714 White coat, leather vest, leather breeches, hat.
1719 Dark green coat, leather vest, leather breeches.
1720 Karpus.    


Nizhegorodski

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1702 in Novgorod)

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1701 in Novgorod)

 
  1702: Ludwig Wolmat-Bodevy
1703: Andrey Morell de Carier
1704: Ivan Boltin
1705: Otto-Rudolph von Schauenburg
 
1701: A. Morelie de la Carrier
1702: W. Bodevy
1707 Hat. Unknown uniform
1709 Hat.
1711 Karpus. Hummelshof 1702, Jamburg 1703, Narva 1704, Apraxin's corps 1704-05, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava 1709, Prut 1711, Kexholm 1716-17.
1712 Quartermeister pennants of green and red cloth.
1713 White coat with red facings, red karpus with dark green facing, black neckcloth, leather vest, moose leather breeches, red cloak with green.
1715 Dark green coat, leather vest, hat.
1716 Dark green coat, red neckcloth, red cloak.
1718 Hat.
1719 Red coat with blue lining, green karpus with red facing, black neckcloth, leather vest, deer and moose leather breeches, blue cloak with red collar and red lining.


Novgorodski
(raised 1701 in Moscow with reiters, lancers and men from cities in the Volga region)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov

1701: N. Meschersky
1702: G. Volkonsky
1703: N. Iffland

  1701: Nikita Meschersky
1702: Grigory Volkonsky
 
1706 Hat.
1707 Blue coat with brass buttons, red cloak. ? White karpus with green lining, green coat, leather vest, leather breeches. (The description of the coat and karpus is identical with the uniform they state for Novgorodski Infantry Regiment in 1711)
1708 Hat, blue coat with red.
1710 White coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak, karpus.
1711 White coat.
1712 One white colour and nine reddish colours.
1713 White coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak, green karpus, red neckcloth. Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Dorpat 1704, Narva 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, Kalisz 1706, Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.
1715 Leather vest, leather breeches.
1716 White coat with blue lining, red cloak with green lining.
1718 White coat with blue lining and brass buttons, karpus.
1719 Leather vest, leather breeches, green cloak with red lining.
1720 Green cloak, karpus.


Novotroitski
(According to Angus Konstam it got its provincial name in 1712 and was before then called Kropotovski)

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1708 with men from other dragoon regiments)

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1707)

 
  1708: Gavrila Kropotov
1709: Semen Meschersky
 
1707: S. Kropotov
 
1721 Blue coat, leather vest, leather breeches, blue cloak, karpus. Unknown uniform

 Oposhna 1709, Poltava 1709, Riga 1710, Pernau 1710, Pomerania 1711-13


Olonetski

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1700 as a reiter regiments, converted to a dragoon regiment 1707)

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1707 with men from Murzensk's Reiter Regiment)

Colonel unknown
 

  1700: Moisey Murzenko
 
1707 Hat. Unknown uniform
1709 Dark green coat, blue cloak, hat, karpus for drummers. Poland 1707-08, Poltava 1709, Pomerania 1711-12, Pälkäne 1713, Storkyro 1714.
1712 Blue coat, dark green vest, chamois-leather breeches, blue cloak, karpus. NCO coat and karpus had lace.
1715 Dark green coat, leather vest, leather breeches, blue cloak, blue karpus, red neckcloth.
1718 Blue coat, leather vest, blue breeches, red karpus.
1719 Blue cloak.

 
Permski

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1703 in Moscow)

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1703 with men from old reiter and lancer regiments, 1706 men from the garrison regiment in Taganrog)

1703-06: I. Gorbov

1706 White coat with brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, red vest, red breeches, hat.
  1703: Ivan Gorbov
 
1703 One white and nine red colours with a cross, silk tassels, one white colour with gold tassels.
1709 Red coat, white breeches.
1711 Karpus.
1712 Quartermeister pennants of red and green cloth.
1713 White coat.
1714 Karpus.
1715 Leather vest.
1716 White coat with red cuffs and red lining. Narva 1704, Grodno 1706, Holowczyn 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Prut 1711
1717 Yellow vest.
1718 Dark green coat.
1719 Dark green coat, leather vest, red cloak with green lining and collar, karpus.
According to Boris Megorsky
 

Pskovski
(raised 1701 in Moscow)
 
According to Höglund/Bespalov
 

 

1701: Fedor Novikov
1702: Vasily Vadbolsky
1703: Nikolay Inflant
 
1701: F. Novikov
1702: Vadbolsky
1702: N. Meschersky
1703: N. Iffland
1707 Dark green coat with pewter buttons and red facings, red cloak, grenadier caps.
1708 Hat.
1709 Green coat, white breeches.
1711 One red colour. 1710/12 Blue coat with red lining and cuffs, hat, leather vest, leather breeches, blue cloak with red lining.
1712 Blue coat with red facings, hat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak with blue lining.
1715 Dark green coat, hat, red neckcloth, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak. One white colour.
1717 Leather vest, chamois-leather breeches. Rauge 1701, Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.
1718 Blue coat, red karpus and neckcloth, red cloak.
1719 Leather vest, leather breeches.
1720 Blue coat, red karpus and neckcloth, red cloak. One white colour with Sovereign's coat of arms in gold (probably his cipher) which was issued 1715, nine dark lemon colours with emblem of snow leopard in silver which was issued 1720..


Ranenburgski Dragoon Squadron
(Raised 1704, Commander: Menshikov, Unknown uniform, Cossack rebellion 1708 and Poltava 1709)

Kozlovski Dragoon Squadron
(Commander: F. Apraxin, Poltava 1709)

Hat or red karpus, red coat with blue lining and cuffs, leather breeches, black neckcloth, blue cloak with red lining.

Voronezhski Dragoon Squadron
(Commander: F. Apraxin, Unknown uniform, Poltava 1709)

Roslavlski Dragoon Squadron
(No data on commander, recruitment et cetera are known)

1709: Hat,  red coat with blue lining and cuffs, leather breeches, black neckcloth, blue cloak with red lining.

Neither Boris Megorsky or Angus Konstam mention these squadrons. Höglund/Bespalov list them as separate units, but a Russian historian have suggested that the first three squadrons (which supposedly participated in the battle of Poltava) might have been alternative names for the same unit. Because Höglund/Bespalov's information on the Roslavlski Squadron is similar to the other three, it might also have been an alternative name for the Ranenburgski Squadron which got its name from Menshikov's estate Ranenburg (which in its turn got its name from the castle Oranienburg north of Berlin).


Rostovski
(raised 1706 in Moscow with conscripted servants from monasteries and boyar estates)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1707: Kruz
 
1706: Cruse
 
1712 Hat, green coat with red lining and cuffs, green vest, leather breeches, red neckcloth, blue cloak with red lining.
1710 Black neckcloth.
1711 Existed: hat, dark green coat, red vest, leather breeches, red cloak.
  Issued: hat, red neckcloth, dark green coat with red facings, dark green vest, moose leather breeches, blue cloak with red. Holowczyn 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Pomerania 1711-13,Poland 1716-18


Ryazanski
(raised 1705 in Smolensk from the lower nobility and men from Ravdanski's, Stankevich and Sukhotin's regiments, disbanded 1713)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1705: Nikolay Gerenk
1706: Gustav-Alfred Gein
 
1705: N. Göring
1706 Hat.
1708 Light blue coat, hat
1709 Hat.
1710 Red cloak with blue, red neckcloth.
1711 Dark green coat with red facings, moose leather breeches, blue karpus.
1712 Dark green coat with red facings, moose leather breeches, blue karpus, red cloak with blue lining, red neckcloth. 1712 Green coat with red lining and cuffs, hat or blue karpus, leather breeches, red neckcloth, red cloak with blue lining.
1713 Leather vest.
1714 Karpus.
1717 Hat. Kalisz 1706, Prut 1711
1720 Hat..

 
S:t Petersburgski

Not mentioned by Boris Megorsky
 

According to Angus Konstam

(raised 1701 in Moscow and disbanded 1712)

Colonel: Poluektov
 


According to Höglund/Bespalov

(raised 1701 in Moscow, disbanded 1711, its name then taken by Life Regiment 1719)

1701: N. Poluektov
1702: M. Zybin
1703: V. Grigorov
1705: J. Genskin

17
07 Blue coat with pewter buttons and red lining,  red vest, red breeches, red cloak, hat with white lace.
170? Green coat with red lining and cuffs, red vest, red breeches, hat.

Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Jamburg 1703, Dorpat 1704, Narva 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, Grodno 1706, Kalisz 1706, Starya Senchary 1709, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Poland 1710, Prut 1711.


Sibirski
(raised 1701 in Moscow)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov

1701: A. de Mulin (Molina?)
1703: G. Pflug
1706: Sheveljev
 

  1701: Alexander Malina
1703: Gebhard Pflug
 
1704 Blue coat with red. red vest, red breeches, hat. dark green shabraque (page 84) 1704 Blue coat with brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, red vest, red breeches, hat..
1707 Dark green coat, red vest, red cloak, hat.
1708 Leather breeches.
1710 Karpus. One white colour.
1711 One red colour
1712 Leather vest, red cloak, karpus. One white and nine yellow colours. In the Baltic 1703, Kalisz 1706, Rajovka 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Krasnokutsk 1709, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Prut 1711.
1714 One deserter wore a dark green coat with 18 brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, red vest, leather breeches, red cloak.
1715 Hat.
1718 Blue breeches, red karpus with blue facing.
1719 Blue coat with red facing and blue lining, red cloak with blue lining.

Not mentioned by Boris Megorsky
 

According to Angus Konstam

(raised 1701 and disbanded 1712)

Colonel: Anastassi Ostafiev


Smolenski

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(Raised 1702 in Moscow with men from Moscow and the Lower Volga region, disbanded 1714)

1702: M. Frank
1703: M. Zybin
1704: G. Khlopov

170?  White coat with blue lining and cuffs, white karpus with red lining, leather vest, leather breeches.

Hummelshof 1702, Dorpat 1704, Narva 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, Kalisz 1706, Holowczyn 1708, Rajovka 1708, Poltava 1709.

Not mentioned by Boris Megorsky
 

According to Angus Konstam

(raised 1701 and disbanded 1712)

Colonel: Dumont


Chernigovski

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(Raised 1701/02 in Moscow)

Colonel: Dumont

?  Hat, red coat with blue lining and cuffs, leather vest, leather breeches.

Hummelshof 1702, Gemäuerthof 1705, Kalisz 1706, Poltava 1709.


Tobolski

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1707)

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1707 from volunteers and younger sons of the nobility)

 
  1707: Vasily Arakcheev
 
1707: V. Arakchev

? Green coat with blue lining and cuffs, green karpus, leather vest, leather breeches.

1707 Hat.
1709 Grenadier caps.
1711 Hat.
1713 Karpus
1715 Karpus. Holowczyn 1708, Rajovka 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava 1709. Reval 1710, Prut 1711, Pälkäne 1713, Storkyro 1714, Nyslott 1714.
1716 Red cloak.
1717 Karpus.
1718 Dark green coat, karpus.
1719 Leather vest.
1720 Blue coat, red cloak.


Troitski

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1701 in Moscow)

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1701 in Moscow with reiters and lancers from Kazan, Saransk and other cities)

 
  1701: Semen Kropotov
1705: Georg-Gustav von Rosen
 
1701: S. Kropotov
1705: G. von Rosen
1705: V. Sherementiev
 
1702 Ten white colours.
1707 Red vest, red cloak, hat, grenadier caps.
1708 Dark green coat, hat. 1708 Green coat.
1710 Leather breeches, hat. Rappin 1701, Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Dorpat 1704, Narva 1704, Grodno 1706, Kalisz 1706, Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.
1712 Dark green coat, green cloak with yellow lining, hat, black neckcloth. One white and nine red colours.
1714 White coat, leather vest, leather breeches, hat, red neckcloth, blue cloak.
1717 Blue coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red karpus, red cloak.
1719 Red cloak.
1720 Blue coat, leather vest, karpus.

 
Tverski
(Raised 1703 according to Megorsky. According to Höglund/Bespalov: 1702 in Moscow with conscripts and volunteers)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 

 

 

1703: Grigory Sukhotin
1705: Iuda Boltin
1705: Anton Dumont
1706: Michael von Schultz
 
1702: P. Deolov
1703-05: G. Suchutin
1708 White coat, leather breeches, red cloak with blue lining, hat. 170? Red coat with blue lining and cuffs, leather breeches, red neckcloth, red cloak, blue karpus with red lining.
1709 Black neckcloth, green karpus with red facing.
1710 Dark green coat with red facings, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak with blue, red neckcloth, dark green karpus and hat.
1711 Red stockings, leather breeches. 1712 Green coat with red lining and cuffs, leather vest, leather breeches, red neckcloth, red cloak with blue lining, hat or green karpus.
1712 Green coat with red facings, leather vest, red breeches, leather breeches, red cloak with blue, red neckcloth, dark green karpus and hat.
1713 White coat, leather vest, moose leather breeches, red cloak, black neckcloth, blue karpus. Garrison in Ostrogorsk 1702-03, Dorpat 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, Lesnaya 1708, Riga 1710, Prut 1711, Storkyro 1714.
1715 Green coat, leather vest, leather breeches, black neckcloth, blue karpus.
1717 Red coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red karpus.
1720 Blue coat, leather vest, leather breeches, red cloak, blue karpus with red facing.

Ustyuzhski
(renamed to Yamburgski 1712)


Vladimirski
(raised 1701 in Moscow)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1701: Mikhail Zhdanov
1702: Peter Meschersky
 
1701: I. Zhdanov
1702: P. Meschersky
 
1709 White coat, hat, grenadier caps.
1710 Hat, blue cloak with red lining.
1711 Green coat with red facings, red karpus, hat, black neckcloth, breeches of both goat and moose leather.
1712 Green coat with red lining, leather vest, leather breeches, blue cloak with red. black neckcloth, red karpus. One hundred white coats for train drivers. 1712 Green coat with red lining and cuffs, leather breeches, blue cloak with red lining, hat or red karpus.
1713 Leather vest, red neckcloth.
1714 Deserters (probably non-combatants) had white coats with white cloth buttons, blue lining, leather breeches.
1715 Blue coat with red facings, leather vest, red cloak with light blue, hat. Erastfer 1701, Hummelshof 1702, Dorpat 1704, in Poland and Lithuania 1705-08, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava 1709, Prut 1711.
1716 Leather vest.
1718 Green karpus with red facing.
1719 Blue coat with red cuffs, and red lining, chamois-leather vest, breeches of moose- and dear leather, red cloak with blue collar and blue lining, hat.
1720 Hat.
1721 Red neckcloth.


Vologodski
(raised 1705 in Belgorod)

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1705: Fedor Khruschov
1706: Vasily Monastyrev
 
1705: F. Khrushchov
1706: Monastyrev
1706: J. Bauer
 
1706 Grey coat, hat 1706 Grey coat, black hat.
1708 Green coat with blue. Issued: white coats, grenadier caps. 1708 Green coat with blue cuffs and blue lining.
 
1709 Hat.
1711 Dark green coat, karpus, grenadier caps. Kolkanpää 1708, Oposhna 1709, Poltava 1709, Viborg 1710, Kexhollm 1710, Pälkäne 1713, Storkyro 1714.
1712 Leather breeches.
1714 Green coat, green karpus, red cloak.

 
Vyatski
(raised 1701 in Novgorod)

According to Boris Megorsky
 
According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1702: Denis Devgerin
1703: Phillipp Suvas
1705: Andrey Volkonsky
 
1701: D. Devgerin
1704: F. Suviz
1705: A. Volkonsky
1704 Hat. 1706 Green coat with brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, red vest, red breeches, red neckcloth, hat.
1706 Green coat, red vest, red breeches, red neckcloth.
1707 Hat, grenadier caps with emblem.
1709 White coat
1711 Leather vest. Hummelshof 1702, Systerbäck 1703, Narva 1704, Apraxin's corps 1704-05, Lesnaya 1708, Oposhna 1709, Poltava 1709, Riga 1710, Viborg 1710, Pernau 1710, Pälkäne 1713, Storkyro 1714.
1713 Karpus.
1714 Leather vest, leather breeches, green cloak.
1715 Red coat, red karpus.
1717 Leather vest, green cloak.
1718 Blue coat, karpus.


Ustyuzhski 1707-1712 and Yamburgski 1712-


 

According to Boris Megorsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
 
  1707: Roman Volkonsky
 
Colonel unknown
1707 Hat, white neckcloth. 1712 Green coat with red lining and cuffs, leather vest, leather breeches, green cloak with yellow lining, black neckcloth, hat.
1707 Yellow coat with red cuffs, lapels and lining, green vest, green breeches, brass buttons.
1710 Dark green coat with red facings, leather vest, leather breeches, dark green cloak with yellow lining, black neckcloth, hat. Lesnaya 1708, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Pomerania 1711-12 (see also the first Yamburgski Regiment for possible mix-up).
1712 Dark green coat with red facings, leather vest, leather breeches, dark green cloak with yellow lining, black neckcloth, hat.
1714 White coat, leather vest, hat
1717 Karpus.
1711 Karpus

Yaroslavski

According to Boris Megorsky
(raised 1706 in Moscow)

1706: Grogori Volkonsky
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(raised 1706 with men from the Lower Volga region and Ukrainian cities)

1706: G. Volkonski
1706: Naschokin

1706/09 Hat with white lace, blue coat with brass buttons, red lining and cuffs, red vest, blue breeches. Blue grenadier cap with red lining.

1710 Hat, red neckcloth, dark green vest, moose leather breeches.
1711 Hat.
1712 Hat,  red neckcloth, dark green vest, moose leather breeches, light blue cloak.
1713 Hat, white neckcloth, white coat, breeches of chamois leather, red cloak with green lining. 1712 Hat, blue coat with red lining and cuffs, green vest, leather breeches, blue cloak with red lining.
1714 Hat.
1717 Karpus. 1720 Hat with yellow lace, blue coat with white lining and cuffs, white vest, white breeches.
1720 Karpus.

Rajovka 1708, Lesnaya 1708, Poltava and Perevolochna 1709, Pomerania 1711-13, Holstein 1714.


Artillery Regiment

According to Boris Megorsky
(organised as a regiment 1701)
 
 

According to Höglund/Bespalov
(organised as a regiment 1712, consisted in 1701 of field artillery and siege artillery distributed to different batteries or departments.)

Commander: J. Bruce
 

  1701: Johann Goshka
1706: Johann Gunter
 
1704 Coat of red or brown cloth with blue collar and cuffs, brass buttons, red vest, red stockings, shoes with brass buckles, hat. ? Red coat with blue lining and cuffs, black hat or red karpus with blue lining, red vest, red breeches, blue or blue-white striped stockings, blue cloak. Bombardiers had black leather helmet without plume.
1706 High boots, hat.
1708 Red coat with blue collar and cuffs, brass buttons, red vest, leather breeches, grey stockings, shoes with brass buckles, hat. Horse gunners had red cloaks.
c. 1700 & 1710
Carriages were red with metal fittings painted yellow.
1712 Boots, red karpus with blue flaps. c. 1707 Carriages green with metal fittings painted black.
1717 Blue cloak with red lining. Wagons were decorated with the Russian double eagle.

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