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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Romania

Romania was created when the Ottoman vassal states of Moldavia and Wallachia were united 1861, they had already been in a personal union since 1859. Full independence from the Ottoman Empire was achieved 1878 and two years later was Romania recognised as a kingdom, the coronation of prince Karol to king occurred in 1881. Romania participated in the First World War and won Transylvania and Bessarabia, which meant that all lands populated by Romanians was then a part of Romania. But Bessarabia was later lost to the Soviet Union during the Second World War.

House of Cuza

1861-1866 Alexandru Ioan Cuza (prince)

House of Hohenzollern
 
1866-1914
1914-1927
1927-1930
1930-1940
1940-1947
1947-
Carol I ( = 1881)
Ferdinand I
Mihai I
Carol II
Mihai I (restored)
Republic

Communist Rule
Peoples republic of Romania 1947-66
Socialist republic of Romania 1966-89

 
1947-1952
1952-1958
1958-1961
1961-1965
1965-1967
1967-1989

1989-

Constantin Ion Parhon
Petru Groza
Ion Gheorghe Maurer
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
Chivu Stoica
Nicolae Ceauşescu

Democratic governments