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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Anhalt

Anhalt, which before 1218 was called the county of Askanien, was ruled by the house of Askanien throughout its history. The members of this dynasty  were also margraves of Brandenburg 1134-1320 and dukes of Saxony 1138-1142 and 1180-1689 (only Sachsen-Lauenburg from 1422). The younger branch of this dynasty that ruled Askanien from 1212 had that land elevated to a principality (Anhalt). Like most German lands Anhalt was frequently partitioned. The three remaining Anhalt states were 1807 elevated to duchies and from 1863 was Anhalt united again.

Counts of Askanien

c. 1030-1060
c. 1060-1080
c. 1080-1123

Esiko von Ballenstedt
Adalbert
Otto
1123-1170 Albrecht der Bär (the Bear)   *
1170-1212 Bernhard  
1212-1252 Heinrich I

Askanien become the principality of Anhalt 1218
and is then partitioned in Anhalt-Aschersleben, Anhalt-Bernburg and Anhalt-Zerbst 1252

Anhalt-Aschersleben
 
Anhalt-Bernburg
 

1252-1267
1267-1283
1267-1304
1304-1315

Heinrich II
Heinrich III
Otto I
Otto II

1252-1286
1286-1291
1286-1318
1318-1348

Bernhard I
Johann I
Bernhard II
Bernhard III

Divided  between A-Bernburg and A-Zerbst 1315

1348-1354
1348-1374
1354-1404
1374-1420
1404-1415
1404-1468
1468

Bernhard IV
Heinrich IV
Otto III (in Aschersleben)
Bernhard V
Otto IV
Bernhard VI
United with A-Zerbst

Anhalt-Zerbst

1252-1310
1310-1316
1310-1367
1316-1362
1362-1382
1367-1370
1382-1392
1382-1396

Siegfried
Albrecht I
Waldemar I
Albrecht II
Johann II
Waldemar II
Waldemar III
Albrecht III

Parted in Anhalt-Dessau and Anhalt-Köthen 1396

Anhalt-Dessau
 

1382-1405
1405-1417
1405-1448
1405-1448
1405-1471
1471
1471-1487
1471-1509
1471-1510
1471-1516
1516-1544
1544
1516-1553

1516-1561

Sigismund I
Waldemar V
Sigismund II
Albrecht VI
Georg I
Parted in A-Dessau and A-Köthen
Sigismund III
Georg
Rudolf IV
Ernst I
Johann V
Parted in Zerbst, Plötzkau and Dessau
Georg III (Anhalt-Plötzkau)
Joachim I

Anhalt-Dessau unites with Anhalt-Zerbst 1561

Anhalt-Zerbst
 

1544-1551
1551-1561
1551-1570
1551-1586
1586-1603
1586-1603
1586-1603
1586-1603

Johann V (A-Dessau 1516-1544)
Karl (in Zerbst)
Bernhard VII (in Dessau)
Joachim II Ernst (in Koslau)
Christian I
August
Rudolf
Ludwig

Parted in Dessau, Bernburg, Plötzkau, Zerbst, Köthen 1603

Anhalt-Dessau
(duchy 1807, all Anhalt 1863)
 

1586-1618
1618-1660
1660-1693
1693-1747
1747-1751
1751-1817
1817-1871
1871-1904
1904-1918
1918
1918
1918-1945
1945

Johann Georg I
Johann Kasimir
Johann Georg II
Leopold der Alte Dessauer
Leopold Maximilian
Leopold Friedrich Franz
Leopold Friedrich
Friedrich I
Friedrich II
Eduard
Joachim
Republic
Incorporated with Sachsen-Anhalt

Anhalt was merged with the Prussian province of Saxony after World War Two and thus formed the German part state of Sachsen-Anhalt. This part state was already in 1952 divided into the East German districts of Halle and Magdeburg but was restored when Germany was reunited 1990.

Anhalt States Ruled by Collateral Branches

1603-1630
1630-1656
1635-1670
1656-1718
1670-1709
1707-1727
1718-1721
1721-1765
1727-1772
1765-1796
1772-1806
1796-1834
1806-1811
1806-1812
1834-1863
1863
Anhalt-Bernburg (duchy from 1807)
 
Christian I
Christian II
Friedrich
Victor Amadeus
Wilhelm
Leberecht
Karl Friedrich
Victor Friedrich
Victor Amadeus Adolf
Friedrich Albrecht
Karl Ludwig
Alexius Friedrich Christian
Friedrich
Victor Karl Friedrich
Alexander Karl
United with A-Dessau
Anhalt-Zerbst 1586-1603

Anhalt-Harzgerode

Anhalt-Harzgerode
A-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym


A-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym

A-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym

A-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
A-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym

 
1396-1423
1423-1435
1423-1473
1471-1508
1473-1475
1508-1552
1552-1603
1603-1649
1649-1665
1665

Anhalt-Köthen

Albrecht III
Waldemar IV
Adolf
Waldemar VI von Dessau
Albrecht IV
Wolfgang
United with the main branch

Ludwig Anhalt-Zerbst 1586-1603
Wilhelm Ludwig
Unites with A-Plötzkau, which is renamed to A-Köthen
1603-1653
1653-1654
1654-1669
1669-1670
1671-1704
1704-1728
1728-1755
1755-1789
1755-1797
1789-1812
1797-1830
1812-1818
1818-1847
1830-1840
1847

Anhalt-Köthen (A-Plötzkau to 1665)
 (duchy from 1807)
 
August Anhalt-Zerbst 1586-1603
Ernst Gottlieb
Leberecht
Emmanuel
Emmanuel Leberecht Posthumus
Leopold
August Ludwig
Karl Georg Leberecht
Friedrich Erdmann
August Christian Friedrich
Ferdinand
Ludwig August Emil
Heinrich
Ludwig
United with A-Dessau
Anhalt-Pless

Anhalt-Pless to 1818

Anhalt-Pless to 1830
Anhalt-Pless
 

 


Anhalt-Zerbst
 

1603-1621 Rudolf A-Zerbst (above) 1586-1603
1621-1667 Johann VI  
1667-1704
1667-1714
Johann Ludwig I
Anton Günther
Anhalt-Dornburg
Anhalt-Mühlingen
1667-1718 Karl Wilhelm
1704-1746 Johann Ludwig II Anhalt-Dornburg to 1742
1704-1747 Christian August Anhalt-Dornburg to 1742
1718-1742 Johann August
1747-1793 Friedrich August
1793-1796
1796
Frederica Augusta Sophia
United with Anhalt-Dessau

* = Albrecht the Bear was margrave of Ostmark 1124-1136

= Saxony   = Brandenburg   = Jever