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Örjan Martinsson

Dukes of Brunswick

The duchy of Brunswick originated from the allodial estates of the House of Welf that was elevated to a duchy 1235. Through the centuries it underwent a series of partitions and mergers. A part of it was 1569 partitioned in Brunswick-Lüneburg and Brunswick-Dannenberg, these would soon be the only remaining Brunswick duchies and because Brunswick-Lüneburg changed its name to Hanover was the name Brunswick limited to  the other duchy that from 1634 was known as Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. The other Brunswick states that preceded Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Hanover are listed on a separate page.

Brunswick was partitioned 1666 and 1735 in two parts whereupon the younger branch was known as Brunswick-Bevern. Brunswick was temporary united 1735 and permanently 1813. The branch of the house of Welf that had ruled Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel became extinct 1884 whereby its possessions should have been inherited by the Hanoverian branch. But because Hanover had been conquered by Prussia 1866 and its former royal house was hostile to the kings of Prussia that also were German emperors would they not become dukes until 1913. The period 1884-1913 was Brunswick therefore ruled by regents and dukes.

Brunswick-Dannenberg

1569-1598
1598-1636

Heinrich X
Ernst Julius

Partitioned in Dannenberg and Hitzacker 1598,
Hitzacker inherits Dannenberg 1636.

Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
(Brunswick-Hitzacker until 1634)
 

1598-1666
1666-1704
1666-1714
1714-1731
1731-1735
1735
1735-1780
1780-1806
1807-1813
1813-1815
1815-1830
1830-1884
1885-1906
1907-1913

1913-1918
1918-1945
1946
August II
Rudolf August
Anton Ulrich
August Wilhelm
Ludwig Rudolf
Ferdinand Albrecht (Bevern 1704-35)
Karl I
Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand
Part of Westphalia
Friedrich Wilhelm
Karl II
Wilhelm
Albrecht von Preussen
Johann Albrecht von Mecklenburg

Ernst August
Republic
Incorporated with Niedersachsen

Brunswick-Bevern
(collateral branches to Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel)
 
1666-1687
1687-1704
1704-1735
1735-1746
1746-1781
1781-1806
1807-1813
1813
Ferdinand Albrecht I
August Ferdinand
Ferdinand Albrecht II
Ernst Ferdinand
August Wilhelm
Friedrich Karl Ferdinand
Part of Westphalia
United with B-Wolfenbüttel