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Örjan Martinsson

Hesse

The German part state of Hesse is named after the Hessians, which were a Frankish tribe. During the middle age was Hesse for a period a part of the Thuringian landgraviate, this was partitioned after a war over the succession 1247-1264 whereupon Hesse became independent.

Landgraviate of Hesse

1247-1308
1308-1328
1308-1311
1328-1377
1328-1343
1328-1367
1377-1413
1413-1458

Heinrich I das Kind (the Child)
Otto
Johann
Heinrich II der Eiserne (the Iron)
Ludwig
Hermann I
Hermann II der Gelehrte (the Learned)
Ludwig II

Hesse is partitioned 1460 in Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Marburg.

Hesse-Kassel
 

Hesse-Marburg
 

1458-1471
1471-1493
1493-1509
1509-1567
Ludwig III
Wilhelm I
Wilhelm III

1458-1483
1483-1500
1500

Heinrich III
Wilhelm II
United with H-Kassel
Philipp I der Grossmütige (the Magnamonious)

Hesse is partitioned 1567 in H-Kassel, H-Darmstadt, H-Marburg and H-Rheinfels. The latter two unites with H-Darmstadt when their landgraves dies 1583 and 1604.
 
Hesse-Rheinfels
 
Hesse-Marburg
 
1567-1583 Philipp II

1567-1604

Ludwig IV

Hesse-Kassel

Electorate from 1803

 


Hesse-Darmstadt
Grand duchy from 1806

 

1567-1592
1592-1627
1627-1637
1637-1663
1663-1670
1670-1730
Wilhelm IV
Moritz
Wilhelm V
Wilhelm VI
Wilhelm VII
Karl

1567-1596
1596-1626
1626-1661
1661-1678
1678
1678-1739
1739-1768
1768-1790
1790-1830
1830-1848
1848-1877
1877-1892
1892-1918
1918-1945

Georg I
Ludwig V
Georg II
Ludwig VI
Ludwig VII
Ernst Ludwig
Ludwig VIII
Ludwig IX
Ludwig X (1806 Ludwig I)
Ludwig II
Ludwig III
Ludwig IV
Ernst Ludwig
Republic
1730-1751 Friedrich I
1751-1760
1760-1785
1785-1806
1807-1813
1813-1821
1821-1847
1847-1866
1866-1945
Wilhelm VIII (regent 1730-51)
Friedrich II
Wilhelm IX (1803 Wilhelm I)
Part of Westphalia
Wilhelm I (restored)
Wilhelm II
Friedrich Wilhelm
Part of Prussia

Hesse-Darmstadt unites with the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau 1945 and creates the German part state of Hesse.

Hesse-Homburg

Both Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse-Kassel were partitioned in three parts 1596 respectively 1627. But the junior branches did not become rulers over independent territories and are therefore not listed here. The only exception is Hesse-Homburg, which was created 1596 and became independent from Hesse-Darmstadt 1768. Homburg lost its independence 1806 but regained it 1817.

1596-1638
1638-1643
1643-1681
1681-1708
1708-1746
1746-1751
1751-1820
1820-1829
1829-1839
1839-1846
1846-1848
1848-1866
1866

Friedrich I
Ludwig I
Wilhelm Christopher
Friedrich II
Friedrich III Jakob
Friedrich IV Karl
Friedrich V Ludwig
Friedrich VI Joseph
Ludwig II
Philipp
Gustav
Ferdinand
United with H-Darmstadt

Hesse-Homburg is conquered by Prussia 1866

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