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Örjan Martinsson

Counts of Holstein

The county of Holstein was during its entire existence a part of the duchy of Saxony with the duke of of Sachsen-Lauenburg as its subordinate 1260-1640. Despite of that fact the counts of Holstein played a significant roll in the history of Scandinavia during the middle age, and they fought successfully against the Danish kings over the control over Schleswig. But in 1459 was the larger part of Holstein united with Denmark and was thereafter a part of the new state Schleswig-Holstein. The Danish king's part of Holstein was elevated to a duchy 1474 and thereby freed from Sachsen-Lauenburg's supremacy. The remaining part of the county of Holstein was united with the Danish monarchy when its last count died 1640.

1106-1110 Gottfried

House of Schauenburg
 
1110-1131
1131-1164
1164-1225
1201-1225
1225-1239
1239-1290
1239-1263
1263-1308
1263-1316
Adolf I
Adolf II
Adolf III
Albrecht von Orlamünde (Danish rule)
Adolf IV
Gerhard I (Itzehoe)
Johann I (Kiel)
Adolf V (Segeberg)
Johann II (Kiel)
Gerhard I's share of Holstein is partitioned between his
three sons 1290 and form the three lines below.
The others shares are united with Holstein-Plön 1316.

Holstein-Plön Line
 

1290-1312
1312-1359
1312-1323
1323-1350
1359-1390
1390
Gerhard II
Johann III (Kiel)
Gerhard IV (Segeberg)
Gerhard V (Segeberg)
Adolf VII (Kiel)
United with Holstein-Rendsburg

Holstein-Rendsburg Line

 
1290-1304 Heinrich I
1304-1340 Gerhard III (the Great)
1340-1381 Heinrich II
1340-1397 Nikolaus
1381-1404 Gerhard VI
1381-1403 Albrecht
1404-1427 Heinrich III
1427-1433 Gerhard VII
1427-1459 Adolf VIII
Holstein-Rendsburg elects the Danish king Christian I to
their new count, thereafter is its history identical with
Schleswig-Holstein

Holstein-Pinneberg and
 Schauenburg Line

 

1290-1315
1315-1353
1353-1370
1353-1404
1353-1360
1404-1426
1426-1464
1464-1474
1464-1485
1464-1510
1464-1527
1464-1526
1526-1533
1533-1544
1533-1576
1533-1560
1533-1581
1576-1601
1581-1593
1581-1616
1601-1622
1622-1635
1635-1640
Adolf VI
Adolf VII
Adolf VIII
Otto I
Simon
Adolf X
Otto II
Adolf XI
Erich
Otto III
Johann I
Anton
Jobst I
Adolf XII (Pinneberg) *
Otto IV (Schauenburg & Pinneberg) **
Johann II (Bückeburg)
Jobst II (Schauenburg och Gehmen)
Adolf XIII
Heinrich (Schauenburg och Gehmen)
Georg Hermann
Ernst
Jobst Hermann
Otto V

When the house of Schauenburg became extinct 1640 were their territories distributed so that Schauenburg was given to Lippe and Hessen-Kassel, Gehmen was given Limburg-Styrum and Denmark received Pinneberg.

* = Adolf XII was archbishop of Cologne 1546-1556.
** = Otto IV was prince bishop of Hildesheim 1531-1537.
= Duke of Schleswig