The county of Holstein was during its entire existence a part of the
duchy of Saxony with the duke of of
Sachsen-Lauenburg as its subordinate
1260-1640. Despite of that fact the counts of Holstein played a significant
roll in the history of Scandinavia during the middle age, and they fought
successfully against the Danish kings over the control over Schleswig. But in 1459
was the larger part of Holstein united with Denmark and was thereafter a
part of the new state Schleswig-Holstein. The Danish king's part of Holstein
was elevated to a duchy 1474 and thereby freed from Sachsen-Lauenburg's
supremacy. The remaining part of the county of Holstein was united with the
Danish monarchy when its last count died 1640.
Adolf XII (Pinneberg) *
Otto IV (Schauenburg & Pinneberg) **
Johann II (Bückeburg)
Jobst II (Schauenburg och Gehmen)
Heinrich (Schauenburg och Gehmen)
When the house of Schauenburg became extinct 1640 were their territories distributed so that
Schauenburg was given to Lippe and Hessen-Kassel, Gehmen
was given Limburg-Styrum and Denmark received Pinneberg.
* = Adolf XII was archbishop of Cologne 1546-1556.
** = Otto IV was prince bishop of Hildesheim 1531-1537.
Duke of Schleswig