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Örjan Martinsson

Oldenburg and Delmenhorst

Oldenburg was originally a county within the tribal duchy of Saxony. The fall of duke Heinrich the Lion 1180 meant that the counts of Oldenburg thereafter was only subordinated to the emperor. But before then had the county of Wildeshausen been detached from Oldenburg through inheritance 1143. Additional partitions of Oldenburg occurred 1278, 1440 and 1577, each time was it partitioned in Oldenburg and Delmenhorst but because the lines that ruled Delmenhorst became extinct was that part repeatedly reunited with Oldenburg. Christian VI became king of Denmark and Norway 1448 and ceded his share of Oldenburg to his brother Gerhard 1454. Christian's line of the house of Oldenburg inherited Oldenburg again in 1667 but exchanged it 1773 with the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. The new count Friedrich August became elevated to duke 1777 and from 1815 was Oldenburg a grand duchy.

County of Oldenburg

House of Oldenburg

1101-1108
1108-1143
1143-1168
1168-1211
1211-1251
1211-1262
1251-1272
1272-1278
1278-1305
1305-1345
1345-1368
1368-1386
1386-1398
1386-1420
1398-1423
1423-1440
1440-1454
1440-1483
1483-1498
1483-1526
1488-1492
1526-1529
1526-1529
1526-1529
1529-1573
1573-1577
1573-1603
1603-1667
Egilmar I
Egilmar II
Christian I der Streitbare (the Warlike)
Moritz
Christian II
Otto II
Johann IX (III)
Christian III
Johann X (IV)
Johann XI (V)
Konrad I
Konrad II
Christian IV
Moritz III
Christian V
Dietrich der Glückselige (the Fortunate)
Christian VI
Gerhard der Streitbare (the Warlike)
Adolf
Johann XIV
Christian VII
Johann XV
Georg
Christof
Anton I
Anton II (Delmenhorst 1577-1619)
Johann XVI
Anton Günther

Danish Line
 
1667-1670
1670-1699
1699-1730
Friedrich (III)
Christian (V)
Friedrich (IV)


1730-1746
1746-1766
1766-1773
Christian (VI)
Friedrich (V)
Christian (VII)



Holstein-Gottorp Line
Duchy 1777-1815 and thereafter grand duchy
 
1773-1785
1785-1810
1810-1813
1813-1823
1823-1829
1829-1853
1853-1900
1900-1918
1918-1945
1946-
Friedrich August *
Peter Friedrich Wilhelm *
Part of France
Peter Friedrich Wilhelm (restored)
Peter Friedrich Ludwig
Peter Friedrich August
Nikolaus Friedrich Peter
Friedrich August
Republic
Part of Niedersachsen

County of Delmenhorst
 
1278-1301
1301-1346
1346- ?
1346- ?
1346-1368
1368-1423
1423-1438
1438-1440
1440-1464
1464-1482
1482-1483
1483-1547
1547-1577

1577-1619
1619-1622
1622-1647
1647-
Otto III
Christian IV
Johann XII
Christian V
Otto IV
Otto V
Nikolaus (Archbishop of Bremen)
United with Oldenburg
Moritz
Jakob
United with Oldenburg
Part of the prince bishopric of Münster
United with Oldenburg

Anton II
Anton Heinrich
Christian IX
United with Oldenburg

* = Friedrich August and Peter Friedrich Wilhelm were prince bishops of Lübeck 1750-1785 respectively 1785-1802. This prince bishopric was secularised 1803 and united with Oldenburg. After World War Two was it incorporated with Schleswig-Holstein.

= Denmark = Norway = Schleswig-Holstein = Jever