The area that today is Belgium and The Netherlands was during the
Middle age divided between several small feudal states. Through
inheritance, marriage, purchase and war were these united with the duchy
of Burgundy during 15th century and this so called Burgundian inheritance
became 1482 part of the Habsburg dynasty's possessions. A revolt against the
Habsburgs led to the creation of the independent state of The Netherlands
1581 but the southern part of the region remained under Habsburg control
until it was conquered by France 1795. The congress at Vienna decided that
these parts should unite with The Netherlands 1815 but they revolted in
1830 and created the independent states of Belgium and Luxemburg instead.
The latter remained in a personal union with The Netherlands until 1890.