The Baltic States
The Baltic region was Christianised during the 13th century by German
crusaders who created several petty states that was held together in a
loose confederation led by the Teutonic order. Lithuania escaped that fate
and created a state of their own that would evolve into a great power and
later unite with Poland. The confederation collapsed during the 16th
century and its components met different fates, though the larger part
subjected to Poland-Lithuania. During the 17th century were Estonia and
northern Latvia under Swedish rule but during the 18th century was the
entire Baltic region except Prussia conquered by Russia. The Baltic states
became independent after the First World War but were conquered again
together with Prussia by the Russians during the Second World War.
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania regained its independence 1991 when the
Soviet Union collapsed.