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Örjan Martinsson

Kings of Ireland

Before the English conquest was Ireland divided in several different kingdoms which were subordinated to a common high king. Exactly how much power they had and how long Ireland had been ruled by high kings is disputed. The traditional list of high kings stretch as far back as 1934 BC and is obviously not true. The first confirmed historic king is Niall Noigiallach who is believed to be, next to Genghis Khan, the person with most living descendants today (according to DNA-analysis have someone from his time produced a significant number of children in Ireland). The existence of high kings is however only certain from the eight century and it was not until the next century that they had real power over the island. This unity was lost in the eleventh century when civil wars became endemic. The long period of English rule began with an intervention in another Irish civil war 1169. The pope granted the English kings the title "lord of Ireland" 1171 but complete control over Ireland was not to be achieved until after the middle age. The English kings styled themselves "king of Ireland" from 1541 until 1801 when Ireland was united with Great Britain and the separate Irish title disappeared.

High Kings

400-talet

-458
458-466
466-482
482-507
507-534
534-544
544-565
565-566
566-569
569-572
572-586
586-598
598-604
598-604
604-612
612-615
615-628
628-642
642-654
654-665
665-671
671-675
675-695
695-704
704-710
710-722
722-724
724-728
724-734
734-743
743-763
763-770
770-797
797-819
819-833
833-838
838-846
846-862
862-879
879-916
916-919
919-944
944-956
956-980
980-1002
1002-1014
1014-1022
1022-1024
1022-1024
1024-1064
1055-1086
1083-1121
1101-1119
1119-1156
1156-1166
1166-1186
1186-1258
1258-1260
1260-1315
1315-1318
1318-1541
Niall Noigiallach

Lóegaire mac Néill
Eogan
Ailill Molt
Lughaid mac Loeguire
Muircheartach
Tuathal Maelgarb
Diarmait mac Cerbaill
Fearghus & Domhnall
Ainmire mac Sétnai
Eochaidh & Baedan
Báetan mac Ninnedo
Áed mac Ainmuirech
Colmán Rímid
Áed Sláine
Aedh Uairidhnach
Máel Coba mac Áedo
Suibne Menn
Domnall mac Áedo
Conall Cael & Ceallach
Blathmac & Diarmaid
Seachnasach
Ceannfaeladh
Finnachta Fleadhach
Loingsech mac Óengusso
Congal Ceann Maghair
Fearghal
Fógartach
Cináed mac Írgalaig
Flaithbertach mac Loingsig
Áed Allán
Domnall Midi
Niall Frossach
Donnchad Midi mac Domnaill
Aed Oirdnide mac Neill
Conchobar
Niall Caille mac Áeda
Thorgest
Máel Sechnaill mac Maíl Ruanaid
Aed Finliath
Flann Sinna
Niall Glúndub
Donnchad Donn
Congalach Cnogba
Domnall ua Néill
Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill
Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig (Brian Boru)
Máel Sechnaill (restored)
Corcran Claireach
Conn Ó Lochlain
Donnchad mac Briain
Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
Domhnall MacLochlainn
Muircheartach Ua Briain

Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair
Muirchertach MacLochlainn
Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory O'Connor)
English rule
Brian Ua Neill
English rule
Edubard a Briuis (Edward Bruce)
English rule

Kingdom of Ireland
(in personal union with England, also Scotland from 1601)
 
1541-1547
1547-1553
1553
1553-1558
1558-1603
1603-1625
1625-1649
1649-1650
1650-1660
1660-1685
1685-1690
1690-1694
1690-1702
1702-1714
1714-1727
1727-1760
1760-1801
1801-1922
1922-1949
1949-
Henry VIII
Edward VI
Jane Grey
Mary I
Elizabeth
James I
Charles I
Charles II
Interregnum
Charles II (restored)
James II
Mary II
William III
Anne
George I
George II
George III
Union with Great Britain
Irish Free State
Republic