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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Mercia

Mercia was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom located in central England. From the middle of the seventh century to the beginning of the ninth century was Mercia the most powerful state in Britain. But it lost that position in the ninth century to Wessex and the remains of Mercia that was not conquered by the Viking became a vassal state to Wessex until it finally was incorporated into the unified English kingdom. The name Mercia is a Latin form of the Germanic word "mark",  which means borderland, and it is derived from the fact that Mercia was the outermost Anglo-Saxon kingdom bordering the Celtic states.

Kingdom of Mercia

House of Iclin

c. 585-593
593-606
606-626
626-655
655-658

655-656
658-675
675-704
704-709
709-716
716
716-757
757
Creoda
Pybba
Ceorl
Penda
Occupied by Northumbria

Peada (sub-king of Middle Anglia)
Wulfhere
Æthelred I
Coenred
Coelred
Coelwald
Æthelbald *
Beornred
757-796 Offa *
796 Ecgfrith
796-821 Coenwulf *
821 Cenelm
821-823 Ceolwulf I
823-825 Beornwulf
825-827
827-828
828-830
830-840
840
840-852
852-874
874- c. 881
Ludecan
Wiglaf
Occupied by Wessex
Wiglaf (restored)
Wigstan
Beorhtwulf
Burghred
Ceolwulf II (Viking sub-king)
The Vikings invades Mercia 874 and conquer the eastern
half which become a part of the Danelaw. The status of the
other half is unclear but it came to recognise the supremacy 
of Wessex. After 919 was it definitively a part of Wessex

Earldom of Mercia
 

c. 881-911
c.888- 918
918-919

c. 931-955
c. 955-983
983-1016
1007-1017
1017-1057
1057-1062
1062-1071
Æthelred II (may have been king)
Æthelflæd (co-ruler)
Ælfwynn

Ealhhelm
Ælfhere
Ælfric
Eadric Streona
Leofric
Ælfgar
Eadwine

Mercia is 1071 partitioned into several smaller earldoms

* = Æthelbald styled himself King of Britain 746 and Offa called himself King of the English 774. Coenwulf styled himself as emperor. Possibly were all Mercian kings from the middle of the seventh century to 828 called Bretwalda and were as such the formal overlord of all the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Either way was Mercia the leading power in England and the smaller kingdoms became its vassal states.

= East Anglia