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Örjan Martinsson

Princes of Novgorod

Novgorod was an important trade centre and a military stronghold, which was conquered by the Swedish viking Rurik c. 862. Rurik became the founder of the first Russians state and the dynasty which would rule Russia until the end of the 16th century. The capitol was however moved to Kiev already in c. 882 and Novgorod was thereafter the seat of subordinated princes belonging to the house of Rurik. The city of Novgorod (called Holmgård by the Scandinavians) was not formed until the end of the tenth century. Its inhabitants seized the political power from the prince in the 12th century and introduced a republican government. They got the right to elect their mayor (posadnik) in 1126 and from 1136 did they also appoint and depose the princes. The trade republic of Novgorod encompassed a large territory in northern Russia and competed with Sweden over the control of Finland. Its independence was lost 1478 when the grand prince of Moscow conquered Novgorod and thereby unified Russia.

The princes of Novgorod were usually rulers over other principalities as well. These are listed in the right column.

Principality of Novgorod

-860
c. 860-862
Gostomysl (his existence is disputed)
Interregnum
c. 862-879
House of Rurik

Rurik (Rörek)

c. 880-882 Oleg (Helge the Wise) = c. 882-912
c. 882-912 Igor (Ingvar) = c. 912-945
c. 912-969 Unknown period (descendants of Igor)
919?-969? Svyateslav Igorevich = c. 945-972
-969? Uleb Igorevich
c. 969-980 Vladimir Svatoy (the Holy) = c. 980-1015
c. 980-987
c. 987-1010
Unknown period (descendants of Vladimir)
Vysheslav Vladimirovich
1010-1036 Yaroslav Mudry (the Wise) = 1019-1054
1036-1052 Vladimir Jaroslavich
1052-1054 Izyaslav Jaroslavich = 1054-73, 76-78
1054-1067 Mstislav Izjaslavich
1067-1069 Occupied by Polotsk
1069-1078 Gleb Izyaslavich Chernigov
1078-1088 Svyatopolk Izyaslavich = 1093-1119
1088-1095 Mstislav Veliky (the Great)
1095 David Svyatoslavich Chernigov
1095-1117 Mstislav Veliky (restored) = 1125-1132
1117-1136 Vsevolod Svatoy (the Holy)

Republic of Novgorod
 
1136-1138
1138-1139
1139-1141
1141
1142-1148
1148-1153
1153
1154
1154-1157
1158-1160
1160-1161
1162-1168
1168-1170
1170-1171
1171-1175
1175-1176
1177
1178-1179
1179-1180
1180-1181
1182-1184
1184-1187
1187-1196
1197
1197-1199
1200-1205
1205-1207
1207-1210
1210-1215
1215
1216-1218
1218-1219
1219-1221
1221
1221-1223
1223
1224
Svyatoslav Olgovich
Rostislav Yuriyevich
Svyatoslav Olgovich (restored)
Rostislav Yuriyevich (restored)
Svyatopolk Mstislavich
Yaroslav
Rostislav Vstislavich
David Rostislavich
Mstislav Yuryevich
Svyatoslav Rostislavich
Mstislav Bezokiy (the Blind)
Svyatoslav Rostislavich (restored)
Roman Mstislavich
Rurik Rostislavich
Yuriy Andreevich
Svyatoslav Mstislavich
Mstislav Bezokiy (restored)
Roman Rostislavich
Мstislav Horobrit (the Brave)
Vladimir Svyatoslavich
Yaroslav Vladimirovich
Mstislav Davidovich
Yaroslav Vladimirovich (restored)
Yaropolk Yaroslavich
Yaroslav Vladimirovich (re-restored)
Svyatoslav Vsevolodovich
Konstantin Vsevolodovich
Svyatoslav Vsevolodovich (restored)
Mstislav Mstislavich
Yaroslav Vsevolodovich
Mstislav Mstislavich (restored)
Svyatoslav
Vsevolod
Vseolod Yuryevich
Yaroslav Vsevolodovich (restored)
Vseolod Yuriyevich (restored)
Mikhail Vsevolodovich
Chernigov

Chernigov




Smolensk

Smolensk

Smolensk
Volynia
Smolensk



Smolensk
Smolensk
Chernigov

Smolensk

Chernigov




Smolensk

Smolensk





Chernigov
1224-1228
1229
1229-1230
1230-1236
1236-1240
1240-1241
1241-1252
1252-1255
1255
1255-1257
1257-1259
1259-1264
1264-1271
1272-1273
1273-1276
1276-1281
1281-1285
1285-1292
1292-1304
1304-1308
1308-1314
1314-1315
1315-1316
1319-1322
Yaroslav Vsevolodovich (re-restored)
Mikhail Vsevolodovich (restored)
Rostislav
Yaroslav Vsevolodovich (re-re-restored)
Alexandr Nevskiy
Andrej
Alexandr Nevskiy (restored)
Vasily Alexandrovich
Yaroslav Yaroslavich
Vasily Alexandrovich (restored)
Alexandr Nevskiy (re-restored)
Dmitry
Yaroslav Yaroslavich (restored)
Dmitry (restoredn)
Vasily Yaroslavich
Dmitry (re-restored)
Andrej
Dmitry (re-re-restored)
Andrej (restored)
Boris
Mikhail Svatoj (the Holy)
Afanasy
Mikhail Svatoj (restored)
Afanasy (restored)

Chernigov
Chernigov
Vladimir 1238-46

Vladimir 1248-52




Vladimir

Tver

Kostroma
Tver
Vladimir
Tver


Tver


 
1322-1325 Yuriy
1325-1327 Aleksandr Tver
1328-1337 Ivan I Kalita (Moneybag)
1337-1346 Vacant
1346-1353 Simeon Gordy (the Proud)
1353-1355 Vacant
1355-1359 Ivan II Krasnyj (the Fair)
1359-1363 Vacant
1363-1389 Dmitry Donskoj
1389-1478 Vacant

Novgorod is conquered by Moscow (Russia) 1478

= Russia (Kiev 882-1169, Vladimir-Suzdal 1169-1328 and Moscow 1328-1478)