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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Russia

The Russian state can trace its origin to the principality of Kievan Rus. The princely dynasty that first ruled over Novgorod until they conquered Kiev was of Swedish origin and ruled over all Russia until the 17th century. Kievan Rus was 1019 divided between different branches of the dynasty, but the grand prince of Kiev (from 1169 in Vladimir-Suzdal and from 1328 in Moscow) had supremacy over the other princes. The Russian principalities were 1240 defeated by the Mongols and forced to be their vassals until 1480 when the Russians broke free and was unified by Ivan the Great. Ivan the Terrible had him self crowned as tsar 1547. Tsar was the Russian word for Emperor but abroad it was generally seen as Russian variant of king. To be recognised as emperor Peter the Great proclaimed himself as Imperator of all Russia 1721, which became the official title although the title tsar lived on in popular use.

House of Rurik (Novgorod)

c. 862-879
c. 880-882
Rurik (Rörek)
Oleg (prince in Kiev 882-912)
c. 882-912
c. 912-945
c. 945-972
c. 972-980
c. 980-1015
1015-1019
1019-1054
1054-1073
1068-1069
1073-1076
1076-1078
1078-1093
1093-1113
1113-1125
1125-1132
1132-1139
1139
1139-1146
1146
1146-1149
1150
1150
1150-1151
1150-1154
1150-1154
1154-1155
1155-1157
1157
1157-1158
1158-1167
1167-1169
1169

House of Rurik
(Kiev)

Oleg (Helge the Wise)
Igor (Ingvar)
Svyatoslav
Yaropolk I
Vladimir I Svatoy (the Holy)
Svyatopolk I
Yaroslav I
Izyaslav I
Vseslav
Svyatoslav II
Izyaslav I (restored)
Vsevolod I
Svyatopolk II
Vladimir II Monomach
Mstislav I
Yaropolk II
Vyacheslav
Vsevolod II
Igor II
Izyaslav II
Yuri Dolgoruky
Izyaslav II (restored)
Yuri Dolgoruky
(restored)
Vyacheslav (restored)
Izyaslav II (re-restored)
Rostislav I
Yuri Dolgoruky (Vladimir-Suzdal)
Izyaslav III
Mstislav III
Rostislav I (restored)
Mstislav III (restored)
Gleb

The grand princes of Kiev lost its role as the leading Russian state
to Vladimir-Suzdal 1169. They continued however to call themselves
grand princes until Kiev was destroyed by the Mongols 1240.

House of Rurik (Vladimir-Suzdal)
(grand princes from 1169)
 

1154-1157
1157-1174
1174-1176
1176-1212
1212-1216
1216-1218
1218-1238
1238-1246
1246-1249
1249-1252
1252-1263
1264-1271
1272-1276
1276-1281
1281-1283
1283-1293
1294-1304
1304-1318
1318-1322
1322-1326
1326-1327
1327-1359
1359-1362
1362
Yuri I Dolgoruky
Andrei I Bogulyubsky
Michail Yuryevich
Vsevolod III
Yuri II
Konstantin
Yuri II (restored)
Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich
Svyatoslav III
Andrei II
Aleksandr Nevsky
Yaroslav III
Vasiliy (Kostroma)
Dmitry (Pereslavl)
Andrei III (Gorodets)
Dmitry  (restored)
Andrei III (restored)
Michail (Tver)
Jurij Danilovitj (prince of Moscow 1303-1325)
Dmitry (Tver)
Aleksandr (Tver)
Ruled by Moscow
Dmitry
Vladimir-Suzdal is merged with Moscow
1283-1303
1303-1325
1325-1341
1341-1353
1353-1359
1359-1389
1389-1425
1425-1462
1462-1505
1505-1533
1533-1584
1584-1598

House of Rurik
(Moscow)
(grand princes from 1328)

Daniil Aleksandrovich
Yury Danilovich
Ivan I Kalita (Moneybag)
Simeon Gordy (the Proud)
Ivan II Krasny (the Fair)
Dmitry Donskoy
Vasiliy I Dmitrivich
Vasiliy II Tiomny (the Blind)
Ivan III Veliky (the Great)
Vasiliy III Ivanovich
Ivan IV Grozny (the Terrible) = 1547
Fyodor I

1598-1605
1605
1605-1606
1606-1610
1607-1610
1610-1613

The Time of Troubles

Boris Godunov
Fyodor II
Dmitry (the first false)
Vasiliy IV
Dmitry (the second false)
Vladislav *

1613-1645
1645-1676
1676-1682
1682-1696
1682-1725
1725-1727
1727-1730
1730-1740
1740-1741
1741-1762

House of Romanov

Mikhail
Aleksey Michailovich
Fyodor III
Ivan V
Pyotr I Veliky (Peter the Great) = 1721
Yekaterina I
Pyotr II Alekseyevich
Anna Ivanovna
Ivan VI
Yelizaveta Petrovna (Elizabeth)


House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
 
1762 Pyotr III Fyodorovich  
1762-1796 Yekaterina II Velikaya   (Catherine the Great)
1796-1801 Pavel Petrovich **  
1801-1825 Alexandr I
1825-1855 Nikolay I
1855-1881 Aleksandr II
1881-1894 Aleksandr III
1894-1917 Nikolay II

1917-1991
1991-

Soviet Union
Russian Federation

* = Vladislav was also king of Poland 1632-1648.
** = Pavel was duke of Holstein-Gottorp 1762-1773.
= Tsar
= Emperor

= Holstein-Gottorp = Jever = Finland = Poland