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÷rjan Martinsson

Kings and Dukes of Brittany

Brittany got its name from the British Celts who settled the region during the late Antiquity, it was previously known as Armorica. The British Celts created several different principalities and the historic sources contains many names of rulers in Brittany. But Brittany acted as a unity against external enemies and they managed to preserve considerable autonomy during the early Middle Age even if periodically acknowledged the Frankish kings supremacy. The Frankish king Louis the Pious appointed NominoŽ as duke over all Brittany about 831. NominoŽ later rebelled and managed to achieve complete independence from the Frankish kingdom 846. A few years later the duke of Brittany took the title king, but the Viking attacks hit Brittany very hard and they lost their independence. Brittany became a duchy again in the 10th century and fell first into strong English influence until it after 1203 came under increasingly stronger French central power, a process which was completed in the 16th century.

Duchy of Brittany

831-851
851
NominoŽ
ErispoŽ

Kingdom of Brittany
 
851-857
857-874
874-876
874-876
876-888
876-907
908-913
913-931
ErispoŽ (same as above)
Salomon (Salaun) (duke to 868)
Pacsweten
Gurvant (Gurvand)
JudicaŽl
Alain I le Grand (the Great)
GourmaŽlon
Occupied by Vikings

Duchy of Brittany
 
931-937 Guillaume Longue-ťpee
937-952
952-958
958-988
981-988
988-990
Alain II Barbe-Torte
Drogon (Dreux)
HoŽl I
Guťrech
Alain

House of Rennes
 
990-992
992-1008
1008-1040
1040-1066
Conan I le Tort (the Crooked)
Geoffroi
Alain III
Conan II

House of Cornouaille (Cornwall)
 
1066-1084
1084-1112
1112-1148
1148-1156
1148-1156
1156-1166
1166-1201
HoŽl II
Alain IV Fergant (the Younger)
Conan III le Gros (the Fat)
HoŽl III
Berthe (…on II was regent)
Conan IV le Petit (the Small)
Constance (married with Geoffroy II)

Houses of Plantagenet and Thouars
 
1181-1186 Geoffroy II
1196-1203 Arthur I
1203-1213
1206-1221
Guy de Thouars (regent)
Alix

House of Dreux (Capet)
 
1213-1237
1237-1286
1286-1305
1305-1312
1312-1341
1341-1365
1341-1364
Pierre Mauclerc (married with Alix)
Jean I le Roux (the Red)
Jean II
Arthur II
Jean II le Bon (the Good)
Jeanne
Charles de Blois (married with Jeanne)

House of Montfort (Capet)
 
1341-1345
1345-1399
1399-1442
1442-1450
1457-1458
1458-1488
1488-1514
Jean
Jean IV le Conquťreur (the Conqueror)
Jean V le Sage (the Wise)
FranÁois I
Arthur III le Justicier
FranÁois II
Anne
Brittany is de facto united with the royal domain
when Anne marries the king of France 1491

House of Valois (Capet)
 

1514-1524
1524-1536
1536-1547
Claude (queen of France)
FranÁois III
Henri (king of France 1547-1559)

Brittany is formally united with the royal domain 1532

 = Normandy   = Anjou