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Örjan Martinsson

Counts and dukes of Anjou

The county of Anjou in western France have contributed with no less than three important European dynasties. The first was the house of Plantagenet, which through marriage and inheritance became kings of England (1154-1485) and controlled the larger part of France during the latter half of the 12th century. This Angevine Empire collapsed early in the 13th century when the French king confiscated the possessions of the house of Plantagenet. The next dynasty was a collateral branch the the French royal house of Capet, which received Anjou in 1246 as an apanage The first Capetingian count of Anjou also succeeded in becoming count of Provence and king of Sicily/Naples, and his descendants became kings of Hungary and Poland as well as rulers of areas in the Balkans. The county of Anjou itself was however transferred through marriage already in 1290 to another branch of the House of Capet, which inherited the royal throne 1328. A new collateral branch was then given the county of Anjou as a apanage 1350 (duchy from 1360) and was thereafter called the younger house of Anjou, they too would later rule over Provence and Naples. Anjou was finally united with the royal domain in 1481.

County of Anjou

The Robertingian and Welfish Houses

859-866
866-886
886-888
888-922
Robert le Fort (the Strong)
Hugues l'Abbé (the Abbot)
Eudes (king of France 888-98)
Robert II (king of France 922-23)

House of Ingelger
(counts from c. 930, before that viscounts)
 
c. 870-898
898-942
942-958
958-987
987-1040
1040-1060
Ingelger
Foulque I le Roux (the Red)
Foulque II le Bon (the Good)
Geoffroy I Grisengonelle (Greymantle)
Foulque III le Nerra (the Black)
Geoffroy II Martel (the Hammer)

House of Plantagenet
 
1060-1068
1068-1109
1098-1106
Geoffroy III le Barbu (the Bearded)
Foulque IV le Réchin
Geoffroy IV Martel (the Hammer, co-regent)
1109-1129 Foulque V le Jeune (the Younger)  *
1129-1151 Geoffroy V le Bel (the Fair)  
1151-1189 Henri II  
1156-1158
1169-1183
Geoffroy VI (co-regent)
Henri le Jeune (co-regent)
1183-1199 Richard Cœur de Lion (the Lionheart)  
1199-1202 Arthur de Bretagne  
1199-1203 Jean I Sans Terre (Lackland)  
1203-1246 Part of the French royal domain

Older House of Anjou
 
1246-1285 Charles I
1285-1290 Charles II
1290-1299 Marguerite

House of Valois
 
1290-1325
1325-1328
1328-1332
1332-1350
Charles III
Philippe (king of France 1328-50)
Part of the French royal domain
Jean II (king of France 1350-64)

Duchy of Anjou

Younger House of Anjou
 

1350-1384 Louis I (count to 1360)
1384-1417 Louis II
1417-1434 Louis III
1434-1480 René
1480-1481 Charles IV

Anjou is returned to the royal domain 1481

The counts of Anjou were 1110-1441 also counts of Maine, which lay between Anjou and Normandy. Also the county of Touraine with its capital Tours was united with Anjou for a long period of time (1044-1344 and 1363-1384). The independent counts of Touraine are listed on a separate page.

County of Maine

-820
820-839
849-865
849-865
865-878
878-885
886-893
893-895
895-898
893-900
900-950
950-992
992-1015
1015-1036
1036-1051
1051-1062
1062-1063
1063-1069
1069-1093
1093-1110
1110-1126
1110-1151
1151
1151-1441

1441-1472
1472-1481
1481
Gauzlin I
Rorgon I
Gauzbert
Rorgon II
Gauzfrid
Ragenold
Roger
Gauzlin II
Roger (restored)
Gauzlin III
Hugues I
Hugues II
Hugues III
Herbert I Eveille-Chien
Hugues IV
Herbert II
Gautier I de Vexin
Robert I Courteheuse **
Hugues V d'Este
Élie I de Beaugency
Erembourg
United with Anjou
Elie II
United with Anjou

Charles IV
Charles V (Anjou 1480-81)
Maine is returned to the French crown

* = Foulque V was king of Jerusalem 1131-1143.
** = Robert I Courteheuse was duke of Normandy 1087-1106.

= England
= Brittany
= Normandy
= Aquitaine
= Lorraine
= Provence
= Sicily/Naples
= Albania
= Jerusalem