Home Great Northern War Historical Atlas Guestbook
Maps Population Regents Scandinavia
 
  Regent Names
  Flags

 
 
  British Isles
  Benelux
  France
  Iberian Peninsula
  Italy
  Central Europe
  Germany
  Scandinavia
  Baltic
  Poland

  Eastern Europe
  Balkans

  _____________________

Örjan Martinsson

Kings of Jerusalem

The kingdom of Jerusalem was created as a consequence of the First Crusade (1096-99). Its first ruler Godefroy of Bouillon was however unwilling to be called king in the Holy Land since he regarded Jesus as the one and only king. Instead he called himself "protector of the Holy Sepulcher" (Advocatus Sancti Sepulchri). The capitol of the kingdom was moved to Acre 1187 after the Muslim's conquest of Jerusalem, and it remained there even during the years 1229-1244 when the city of Jerusalem again was in Christian hands. The last remnant of the kingdom of Jerusalem (on the mainland) fell 1291 when Acre was conquered by the Muslims.

1099-1100
1100-1118
1118-1131
1131-1143

Godefroy de Bouillon
Baudouin I de Boulogne
Baudouin II du Bourg

*
*
Mélisende de Jérusalem (regent 1143-53)


House of Anjou (Plantagenet)
 

1131-1143
1143-1162
1162-1174
1174-1185
1185-1186
1186-1190

Foulque V
Baudouin III
Amaury I
Baudouin IV le Lépreux (the Leper)
Baudouin V
Sybille


Different Dynasties
 

1186-1192 Guy de Lusignan **
1192-1205 Isabelle I
1192 Conrad de Montferrat
1195-1197 Henri II de Champagne

1197-1205

Amaury II de Lusignan
1205-1212
1205-1210
1210-1212
1212-1228
Marie de Montferrat
Jean d'Ibelin (regent)
Jean de Brienne (regent 1212-25) ***
Isabelle II (Yolande)


House of Hohenstaufen
 

1225-1228 Frédéric II (regent 1228-43)

1228-1254

Conrad IV
1243-1246
1246-1253
1253-1261
Alix de Champagne
Henri I de Lusignan
Plaisante d'Antioche
1254-1268 Conradin
1261-1264 Isabelle de Lusignan


House of Poitiers-Lusignan
 

1268-1284

Hugues III (regent 1264-68)
1278-1285 Charles d'Anjou
1284-1285 Jean I
1285-1291 Henri II

The Kingdom of Jerusalem is conquered by Egypt 1291

The last king of Jerusalem was also king of Cyprus and he and his successors continued to call themselves kings of Jerusalem after 1291, a land they hoped to reconquer. So did the kings of Sicily as well as the heirs of the house of Hohenstaufen who claimed the throne as the rightful kings even before the kingdom was lost to Egypt. As a consequence of this have the title "king of Jerusalem" been used by a very large number of princes from 1291 to the present day even though the kingdom no longer exist.

* = Baudouin I and Baudouin II were counts of Edessa 1098-1100 respectively 1100-1118.
** = Guy de Lusignan was king of Cyprus 1192-1194.
*** = Jean de Brienne was regent in the Latin Empire 1228-1237.
 

= Anjou
= Champagne
= Provence
= Germany
= Lower Lorraine
= Swabia
= Montferrat
= Sicily
 
= Albania
= Cyprus