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Örjan Martinsson

Swabia

The Swabian duchy had its roots in the tribal confederation of the Alemanni, which was first mentioned in 213 and frequently carried out raids into Roman territory. In the middle of the third century had they conquered the region in south western Germany, which thereafter would be called Alemannia. They lost their independence 496 when they were defeated by the Frankish king Clovis but they continued to be ruled by dukes who often rebelled against the Franks. It was because of that Charlemagne deposed the last duke of the Alemanni and did not appoint a new one. The historical sources does not contain much information about the dukes of the Alemanni and it is therefore not possible to provide a coherent list of regents. The information that is known is listed below.

Dukes of the Alemanni

3rd century:
4th century:
Chroc (253)
Agenarich (Serapio) Chorus, Suomar, Hortar, Ur, Ursicin, Vestralp, Hariobaud, Chronodemar (357), Gundomad (357), Vadomar (-360), Vithicab Vadomarsson (360-368), Macrian, Priarius (-378)
5th century:
6th century:
Gibuld (-470)
Butilin (536-554), Leuthari (536-554), Haming (-539), Leutfred I (570-587), Uncilin (588-613)
7th century:
8th century:
Gunzo (-613), Chrodobert (615-639), Leutfred II (640-673/95)
Gotfrid (700-709), Huocin (-712), Willehari (-712), Lanfred I (709-730), Nebi (-746) Theodobald (737-744), Lanfred II (746-749), Gerold (791-799), Isenbard (799-806)

The name Alemannia was later changed to Swabia, which was derived from the Suevi who are believed to have been one of the tribes in the Alemanni confederation. During the ninth century was Swabia a Frankish part kingdom given to members of the Carolingian dynasty but it was finally united with the East Frankish kingdom (Germany) 882. Thereafter was Swabia one of the so called tribal duchies that played a significant roll in Germany's early history. From 1079 was Swabia ruled by the Hohenstaufen dynasty, which from 1138 also was Germany's royal dynasty. When the Hohenstaufen dynasty became extinct 1268 was Swabia dissolved into several different counties. A short lived attempt to restore the duchy of Swabia was made by the house of Habsburg who controlled large parts of Swabia, but even this duchy was dissolved 1313.

Kingdom of Swabia

829-843
843-876
876- (887)

Karl der Kahle (the Bald)
Part of Germany
Karl der Dicke (the Fat)  

The kingdom of Swabia unites with Germany 882

Duchy of Swabia
 

909-911
911-915
915-917
917-926
926-949
950-954
954-973

Burchard von Rätien
Direct rule by the king
Erchanger
Burchard I
Hermann I
Liudolf
Burchard II
973-982 Otto I  
983-997
997-1003
1003-1012
Konrad I
Hermann II
Hermann III


House of Babenberg
 

1012-1015
1015-1030
1030-1038

Ernst I
Ernst II
Hermann IV


Different Dynasties
 

1038-1045 Heinrich I  
1045-1047
1048-1057
Otto II
Otto III
1057-1077 Rudolf von Rheinfelden  
1077-1090 Berthold von Rheinfelden

1092-1098

Berthold von Zähringen  


House of Hohenstaufen
 

1079-1105 Friedrich I  
1105-1147 Friedrich II
1147-1152 Friedrich III Barbarossa  
1152-1167 Friedrich IV  
1167-1169 Friedrich V  
1170-1191 Friedrich VI  
1191-1196 Konrad II  
1196-1208 Philipp  
1208-1212 Otto IV (House of Welf)  
1212-1216 Friedrich VI  
1216-1235 Heinrich II  
1235-1254 Konrad III    

1254-1268

Konrad IV (Konradin)   

 The duchy of Swabia is dissolved 1268. A short lived
duchy is later formed of the house of Habsburg's
 Swabian possessions.

House of Habsburg
 

1289-1290
1290-1313

Rudolf
Johann Parracida
= Germany
= Breisgau
= Brunswick
= Franconia
= Bavaria
= Carinthia
= Italy
= Sicily
= Jerusalem