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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Bavaria

Bavaria was originally an independent tribal duchy, but seized to exist when Charlemagne 788 conquered it. As a part of the Frankish kingdom it was periodically ruled by vassal kings belonging to the Frankish royal dynasty and it was actually independent 876-880. The need for a strong local leader to defend Bavaria against the Hungarian raids lead to a restoration of the tribal duchy, but this time as a fief within the German kingdom. Bavaria was then one of the most important principalities in Germany and several of its dukes were also Holy Roman Emperors. It was divided between different branches of the ruling Wittelsbach dynasty during the late middle age, but it was reunited 1503. The Bavarian duke became an elector during the Thirty Years War and Napoleon elevated Bavaria to the rank of kingdom 1805. A republic replaced the monarchy 1918.

508-512
512-537
537-565
537-567
550-590
590-595
591-609
609-630
609-640
640-680
680-702
702-715
702-723
702-725
702-730
725-737
737-748
748-788
Agilolfingian Dynasty

Theodo I
Theodo II
Theodo III
Theodobald
Garibald I
Grimwald I
Tassilo I
Agilolf
Garibald II
Theodo IV
Theodo V
Theodobald
Grimwald II
Theodobert
Tassilo II
Hubert
Odilo
Tassilo III

The duchy of Bavaria was conquered by the Franks 788.
With the exception of the period 876-880 was it thereafter
a fief in what would become the Holy Roman Empire.

Carolingian Dynasty
 

814-817
817-876
876-880
Lothar *
Ludwig der Deutsche (as East Frankish king from 843)
Karlmann
889-907
907-937
937-938
938-947

House of Wittelsbach

Liutpold (margrave)
Arnulf der Böse (the Bad)
Eberhard
Berthold

947-955
Saxon Dynasty

Heinrich I

955-976 Heinrich II der Zänker (the Quarrelsome)
976-982 Otto I von Schwaben
983-985 Heinrich III (house of Wittelsbach)
985-995 Heinrich II (restored)
995-1004 Heinrich IV
1004-1009
Luxemburg Dynasty

Heinrich V

1009-1017
1017-1026
Interregnum
Heinrich V (restored)

1026-1027

Salian Dynasty

Konrad II


1027-1042 Heinrich VI
1042-1047 Heinrich VII (Luxemburg dynasty)
1047-1049 Heinrich VI (restored)
1049-1053
1053-1061
Konrad I (house of Zütphen)
Heinrich VIII
1054-1055
1055-1061
1061-1070
1070-1077
1077-1096
Konrad
Agnes
Otto II (house of Nordheim)
Welf I (house of Welf)
Heinrich VIII (restored)
1096-1101
1101-1120
1120-1126

Houses of Welf and Babenberg

Welf I (restored)
Welf II der Dicke (the Fat)
Heinrich IX der Schwarze (the Black)

1126-1139 Heinrich X der Stoltze (the Proud)
1139-1141 Leopold
1141-1156 Heinrich XI Jasomirgott
1156-1180 Heinrich XII der Löwe (the Lion)

House of Wittelsbach
 
1180-1183 Otto I
1183-1231 Ludwig I der Kelheimer
1231-1253 Otto II der Erlauchte (the Illustrious)

After having been co-regents for two years Ludwig II and Heinrich XIII partition Bavaria in Oberbayern and Niederbayern 1255. Niederbayern is partitioned again 1331

Niederbayern
 
Oberbayern
 
1253-1290 Heinrich XIII 1253-1294 Ludwig II der Strenge
1290-1312 Otto III 1294-1317 Rudolf I
1294-1296 Ludwig III 1294-1347 Ludwig IV
1294-1310
1310-1339
1310-1334
1312-1333
1339-1340
Stephan I
Heinrich XIV (Landshut)
Otto IV (Burghausen)
Heinrich XV (Nattemberg)
Johann I
Bavaria unites 1340 but is partitioned again 1349 between its six co-regents.
1347-1353 Stephan II 1347-1361 Ludwig V
1347-1353
1347-1353
Wilhelm I
Albrecht I
1347-1351
1347-1351
1361-1363
Ludwig VI der Römer
Otto V der Faule
Meinhard
**
**

Niederbayern is partitioned in Bayern-Straubing and Bayern-Landshut 1353. These states partition then Oberbayern between them selves when its last duke dies 1363.
 
Bayern-Straubing
 
Bayern-Landshut
 
1353-1358 Wilhelm I 1353-1375 Stephan II
1353-1404 Albrecht I 1375-1379 Otto V (restored)
1404-1417 Wilhelm II 1375-1392 Stephan III
1404-1425 Johan III

Bayern-Landshut is 1392 partitioned in Bayern-Landshut, Bayern-Ingolstadt and Bayern-München. These states partition then Bayern-Straubing between them selves when its last duke dies 1425.

Bayern-Ingolstadt
 
Bayern-München Bayern-Landshut
1392-1413
1395-1402
1395-1402
1413-1443
1443-1445
Stephan III *
Ernst *
Wilhelm III *
Ludwig VII
Ludwig VIII
1392-1397
1395-1402
1397-1438
1397-1435
1435-1440
1438-1460
1460-1463
1460-1501
1460-1508
Johann II
Stephan III *
Ernst *
Wilhelm III *
Adolf
Albrecht III
Johann IV
Sigismund *
Albrecht IV
1375-1393
1375-1392
1393-1450
1450-1479
1479-1503
Friedrich
Johann II
Heinrich IV
Ludwig IX
Georg

The last duke of Bayern-Landshut dies 1503 whereby the duke Albrecht IV of Bayern-München become regent over all parts of Bavaria.

Bavaria
Electorate 1623-1805 and kingdom 1805-1918. United with the Palatinate from 1777.

1460-1508
1508-1550
1550-1579
1579-1597
Albrecht IV der Weise (the Wise)
Wilhelm IV
Albrecht V
Wilhelm V
1597-1651 Maximilian I
1651-1679
1679-1726
Ferdinand Maria
Maximilian II Emanuel
1726-1745 Karl Albrecht
1745-1777 Maximilian III Joseph
1777-1799 Karl Theodor
1799-1825 Maximilian I Joseph
1825-1848
1848-1864
1864-1886
1886-1913
1913-1918
1918-
Ludwig I
Maximilian II
Ludwig II
Otto
Ludwig III
Republic

* = Lothar was Roman Emperor 817-855
** = Ludwig VI and Otto V were electors of Brandenburg 1351-1365 and 1365-1373
* = These dukes were regents over both B-Ingolstadt and B-München.
* = Bayern-München was partitioned 1467 so that Sigismund was duke over Bayern-Dachau 1467-1501.

= Germany
= Frisia
= Holland
= Hainaut
= Luxemburg
= Saxony
= Brunswick
= Jülich-Berg
= The Palatinate
= Italy
= Brandenburg
= Franconia
= Swabia
= Tyrol
= Verona
= Bohemia
= Austria
= Carinthia
= Hungary