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Örjan Martinsson

Kings and Dukes of Bohemia

The present day Czech Republic have a continuity with the old Bohemian kingdom, which evolved from a duchy that was called Böhmen in German and Čechy in Czech. It was originally a part of the Great Moravian kingdom, but when this collapsed because of pressure from the Hungarians Bohemia became independent. Though the proximity to Germany would soon lead to the Bohemian dukes submission to the German emperors. As a German fief Bohemia became one of the leading principalities in the Holy Roman Empire. A period of internal strife began 1055 when the principle of seniority was introduced for the Bohemian succession. This meant that the oldest member of the house of Přemysl would be duke of Bohemia, the other members were granted duchies in Moravia as vassals to Bohemia. The result were repeated feuds between the Premyslide rulers, which did not end until Přemysl Otakar I introduced a succession order based on the right of the first born (primogenitur). He also succeeded to finally elevate Bohemia into a kingdom 1198. During the 14th and 15th centuries were the Bohemian kings also German emperors. But that age of greatness ended when Bohemia came under foreign rule at the end of the 15th century, from 1526 was it ruled by the Austrian Habsburgs. The Czechs would not regain its independence until the end of the First World War when the republic of Czechoslovakia was created. That state was 1993 partitioned whereby the present Czech Republic was created.

Duchy of Bohemia

Houses of Přemysl and Piast

?-889
894-915
915-921
922-935
929-972
972-999
999-1002
1002-1003
1003
1003
1003-1004
1004-1012
1012-1033
1033-1034
1034
1035-1055
1055-1061
1061-1092
1092
1092-1100
1100-1107
1107-1109
1109-1117
1117-1120
1120-1125
1125-1140
1140-1172
1172-1173
1173-1178
1178-1189
1189-1191
1191-1192
1192-1193
1193-1197
1197
1197-1198

Bořivoj I
Spytihněv I
Vratislav
St. Václav I
Boleslav I
Boleslav II
Boleslav III
Vladivoj
Boleslav III (restored)
Jaromír

Boleslav Chrabrý (the Brave)

Jaromír (restored)
Oldřich
Jaromír (re-restored)
Oldřich (restored)
Břetislav I (resturator)
Spytihněv II
Vratislav II ( = 1085-1092, personal title)
Konrád I Brněnský
Břetislav II
Bořivoj II
Svatopluk II
Vladislav I
Bořivoj II (restored)
Vladislav I (restored)
Soběslav I
Vladislav II ( = 1158-1172, hereditary title)
Bedřich
Soběslav II
Bedřich (restored)
Konrád II Ota
Václav II
Přemysl I Otakar
Jindřich Břetislav III
Vladislav Jindřich
Přemysl Otakar I (restored)


Kingdom of Bohemia
 
1198-1230
1230-1253
Přemysl Otakar I (same as above)
Václav I
1253-1278 Přemysl Otakar II
1278-1283 Otto (regent)
1283-1305 Václav II
1305-1306 Václav III

Houses of Carinthia and Habsburg
 
1306
1306-1307
1307-1310
Jindřich Korutanský
Rudolf I Habsburský
Jindřich Korutanský (restored)
1310-1346


House of Luxemburg

Jan Lucemburský

1346-1378 Karel I
1378-1419 Václav IV
1419-1420 Zikmund Lucemburský
1420-1436 Interregnum
1436-1437 Zikmund (restored)
1437-1439
1440-1457


House of Habsburg

Albrecht Habsburský
Ladislav Pohrobek (Posthumus)


1458-1471


Different Dynasties

Jiři z Poděbrad

1469-1490 Matyáš Korvín *
1471-1516 Vladislav II Jagellonský
1516-1526 Ludvík Jagellonský
1526-1564
House of Habsburg

Ferdinand I

1564-1576 Maxmilián
1576-1611 Rudolf II
1611-1619 Matyáš II
1619 Ferdinand II Štýrský
1619-1620
House of Wittelsbach

Fridrich Falcký (of the Palatinate)

1620-1637
House of Habsburg

Ferdinand II (restored)

1637-1657 Ferdinand III
1657-1705 Leopold I
1705-1711 Josef I
1711-1740 Karel II
1740-1780 Marie Terezie
1741-1742
House of Wittelsbach

Karel III

1780-1790
1790-1792
1792-1835
1835-1848
1848-1916
1916-1918

House of Habsburg-Lorraine
 
Josef II
Leopold II
František
Ferdinand V
František Josef
Karel IV

1918-1939
1939-1945
1945-1992
1992-

Czechoslovakia
Protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia
(German occupation)
Czechoslovakia
Czech Republic

* = Matyáš Korvín held the title king of Bohemia but did not control Bohemia proper. He ruled the territories of Moravia and Silesia, which belonged to the Bohemian crown

Because of space considerations and the fact that it was a part of the Bohemian kingdom are there no flags showing when the regents also ruled over Moravia. This information can instead be found in Moravia's list of regents.
 
= Austrian Netherlands
= Luxemburg
= Milan/Lombardy
= Both Sicilies
= Germany
= The Palatinate
= Württemberg
= Bavaria
= Brandenburg
= Austria
= Hungary
= Transylvania
= Pomerelia
= Kuyavia
= Great Poland
= Poland