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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Pomerania

The first mention of a Pomeranian prince occurred 1046 when Zemuzil acknowledge the German emperor's supremacy. But Pomerania, which was populated by a Slavic tribe, had been independent for a long period before. About 995 was Pomerania conquered by Poland for the first time and it was thereafter struggling to retain as much of its autonomy as possible against Poland, Denmark and German states. In the beginning of the eleventh century was the Pomeranian region divided into an eastern part that later came to be known as Pomerelia and which had a different history then the western parts, which evolved into the German duchy of Pomerania.

The branch of the Pomeranian princely house that ruled the most western part of Pomerania (Slawia) was called the house of Greif and they assumed the title duke 1170, which was confirmed by the German emperor 1181. After having been under Danish domination 1185-1227 was Pomerania German again, but it was subordinated to Brandenburg. For the remaining period of the Middle age would the Pomeranian dukes try to shake off Brandenburg's overlordship, which was finally succeeded with the treaty of Grimnitz 1529. During the same period was Pomerania settled by German colonists who assimilated the indigenous Slavic population. When the last member of the house of Greif died 1637 was Pomerania already occupied by Swedish troops and it was divided between Sweden and Brandenburg in the peace of Westphalia.

Pomerania

ca 1046
 1062-1107

Zemuzil (Sienomysl)
Swantebor (Swiatobor)

After Swantebor's death 1107 is Pomerania divided between his sons into three different principalities

Pomerelia (Gdansk)

Periodically divided in the principalities of Bialogarda (Belgard), Gdansk (Danzig), Lubiszewo (Lübschau) and Swiecie (Schwetz). It was 1294-1308 and 1466-1772 called the vojvodship of Pomerania. 1308-1466 and 1772-1945 was it called West Prussia.

1107-1121
1121-1155
1155-1178
1178-1200
1178-1207
1207
1207-1220
1220-1257
1220-1266
1220-1278
1266-1271
1266-1294
Swietopelk (Swantipolk)
Part of Poland
Subislaw I
Grzymislaw II (Lubiszewo-Swiecie)
Sambor I
Subislaw II (Bialogarda)
Msciwoj I (Mestwin I)
Racibor (Ratibor) (Bialogarda)
Swietopelk II Wielki (the Great)
Sambor II (Lubiszewo)
Warcislaw (Wartislaw)
Msciwoj II (Swiecie 1266-1271)
1294-1296
1296
1296-1299
1299-1305
1305-1306
1306-1308
Przemysl
Leszek inowrocławski
Wladyslaw Lokietek
Waclaw I
Waclaw II
Wladyslaw Lokietek
 


 

(restored)

1308-1466
1466-1772
1772-1945
1919-1939
1919-

Part of the Teutonic Order State
Part of Poland
Part of Prussia
Free state of Danzig
Part of Poland

Schlawe-Stolp
 
1107-1155
1155-1220
1220-1227

1227-1236
1236-1306
1306-1317
1317-
Ratibor I (Racibor) (also Pomerania)
Bogislaw (Boguslaw)
Ratibor II

Divided between Pomerania & Pomerelia
Part of Pommerellen
Part of Brandenburg
United with Pomerania

Pomerania (Slawia)
(dukes from 1170)
 
1107-1135
1135-1155
1155-1182
1155-1187
1178-1185
1187
Wartislaw I (Warcislaw)
Ratibor I (also Schlawe-Stolp)
Kasimir I (P-Demmin)
Bogislaw I (P-Stettin)
Ratibor II (P-Stettin)
Partitioned in Demmin and Wolgast


Pommern-Wolgast

 


Pommern-Demmin
 
1187-1222
1222-1224
1222-1278
1278-1295
1295
1295-1309
1309-1326
1326-1365
1326-1368
1326-1390
1368
1365-1393
1365-1394
1394
1394-1405
1405-1449
1405-1457
1457-1474
1457-1478
1474-1523
1523-1531
1523-1569
1531-1560
1560-1569
1569

1569-1592
1569-1600
1569-1603
1592-1625
1625
Bogislaw II
Bogislaw III
Barnim I
Barnim II
Partitioned in Stettin and Wolgast
Bogislaw IV
Wartislaw IV
Barnim IV
Bogislaw V (P-Stargard after 1368)
Wartislaw V (P-Stralsund 1368-90)
Part. in Stralsund, Stargard, Wolgast
Bogislaw VI
Wartislaw VI (P-Rügen 1377-93)
Partitioned in Wolgast and Rügen
Barnim VI
Barnim VII (in Gützkow)
Wartislaw IX (in Wolgast)
Erich II (in Wolgast)
Wartislaw X (in Rügen)
Bogislaw X
Georg
Barnim XI (P-Stettin)
Philipp I
Johann Friedrich
Partitioned in Stettin, Barth,
Wolgast and Rügenwalde

Ernst Ludwig
Johann Friedrich (P-Stettin)
Barnim XII (P-Rügenwalde)
Philipp III Julius
United with P-Barth

1187-1219
1219-1227
1219-1264
1264

Kasimir II
Barnim
Wartislaw III
United with P-Wolgast


Pommern-Stettin
 

1295-1345
1345-1368
1368-1371
1371-1403
1371-1413
1413-1427
1413-1435
1435-1451
1451-1464
1464

Otto I
Barnim III
Kasimir IV
Bogislaw VII
Swantibor I
Otto II
Kasimir VI
Joachim
Otto III
United with P-Wolgast


Pommern-Stargard
 

(1326) -1374
1374-1377
1377-1392
1377-1403
1377-1417
1392-1459

Bogislaw V
Kasimir V
Wartislaw VII (P-Stolp)
Barnim V (P-Traburg)
Bogislaw VIII
Erich I (P-Stolp)

1417-1447
1459

Bogislaw IX
United with P-Wolgast


Pommern-Rügen
 

1394-1414
1414-1440
1414-1454
1454

Wartislaw VIII
Swantibor II (in Rügen)
Barnim VIII (in Triebsees)
United with P-Wolgast

Pomerania (-Barth)

1569-1606
1606-1618
1618-1620
1620-1637
1637-1648

Bogislaw XIII
Philipp II
Franz
Bogislaw XIV
Occupied by Sweden

Pomerania is divided between Sweden and Brandenburg 1648

After the peace of Westphalia was the western Pomerania (Vorpommern) Swedish and the eastern part (Hinterpommern) belonged to Brandenburg. Parts of Vorpommern were conquered by Brandenburg-Prussia 1679, 1720 and 1815 whereupon all Pomerania became a Prussian province. After the Second World War became Hinterpommern a part of Poland while Vorpommern was united with Mecklenburg and formed the German part state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. 1952-1990 was this part state dissolved into three East German districts but it was restored after Germany's reunification.

Principality of Rügen
(Danish vassal state 1168-1438)

1162-1170
1170-1217
1218-1249
1249-1260
1260-1302
1303-1325
Tezlaw
Jaromar I
Wislaw I
Jaromar II
Wislaw II
Wislaw III

Rügen unites with Pommern-Wolgast 1325 after its princely house had become extinct

= Norway
= Denmark
= Sweden
= Bohemia
= Great Poland
= Hungary
= Kuyavia
= Krakow