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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Moravia

Moravia is the eastern part of the modern Czech Republic and its history is closely associated with Bohemia's (the western part of the Czech Republic). But it have still preserved its own identity and have often had great autonomy towards Bohemia. The first Czech (and Slovakian) state also had its centre in Moravia (which then included Slovakia). It was the so called Great Moravia, which controlled most of the west Slavic areas, but it was destroyed by the Hungarians in the early tenth century. Thereafter was Moravia a disputed region between Hungary, Bohemia and Poland until it definitely became a part of the Bohemian state 1029, though it received considerable autonomy and was ruled by Bohemian princes as a duchy. One of these were Břetislav who became duke of Bohemia 1035 and later introduced the principle of seniority as the basis of the bohemian succession. This meant that it was the oldest member of the house of Přemysl and not the oldest son to the former duke who would become new duke when the former died. The other members of the dynasty were granted duchies in Moravia, which were under Bohemian supremacy, i.e. the duchies of Brno (Brünn), Olomouc (Olmütz) and Znojmo (Znaim). The result of this arrangement was repeated feuds between the Premyslide rulers.

Great Moravia

830-846
846-870

Mojmír I
Rostislav (Rastislav)

871-894 Svatopluk
894-907 Mojmír II

907-955
955-995
995-1029
1029-1182

Part of Hungary
Part of Bohemia
Part of Poland
Under Bohemian Suzerainty

Duchy of Moravia
 
1029-1049
1049-1055
1055
Břetislav (duke of Bohemia 1135-55)
Spytihněv (duke of Bohemia 1155-61)
Partitioned in Brno, Olomoc and Znojmo

Moravia-Brno
(Mähren-Brünn)
 
1055-1061
1061-1092
1092-1097
1097-1100
1100-1115
1115-1123
1123-1125
1125-1156

1174-1176
1176-1189
1189-1191
1191-1194
1194-1197
1197-
Ota I (Olomouc 1061-1087)
Konrád I Ota (also Znojmo 1061-92)
Oldrich I
Bořivoj (also Znojmo, Bohemia 1100-07)
Oldrich I (restored, Znojmo 1113-15)
Soběslav I Oldrich (Bohemia 1125-40)
Ota II (also Olomouc 1107-10, 1113-26)
Vratislav

Václav II (Olomouc 1174-76, Bohemia 1191-92)
Konrád II Ota (margrave 1182)
Spytihněv
Vladislav Jindřich (Bohemia 1197)
Spytihněv (restored)
Vladislav Jindřich (now as margrave)

Moravia-Olomouc
(Mähren-Olmütz)
 
1055-1056
1056-1058
1058-1061
1061-1087
1087-1090
1090-1107
1107-1110
1110-1113
1113-1126
1126
1126-1130
1130-1135
1135-1137
1137-1140
1140-1160
1160-1164
1164-1173
1174-1176
1176-1179
1179-1189
1189-1191
1191-1194
1194-1200
1200
Vratislav (duke of Bohemia 1061-92)
Direct rule by Bohemia
Vratislav (restored)
Ota I (Brno 1055-1061)
Boleslav
Svatopluk (duke of Bohemia 1107-09)
Ota II
Vladislav I
Ota II (restored, also Brno 1123-25)
Soběslav Oldrich (also Brno 1115-23)
Václav I
Soběslav Oldrich (restored)
Lupold
Soběslav Oldrich (re-restored)
Ota III Detleb
Vladislav II
Bedřich (Bohemia 1172-73, 1178-89)
Oldrich
Václav II (Brno 1174-76, Bohemia 1191-92)
Konrád Ota (margrave 1182)
Vladimír
Direct rule by Bohemia
Vladimír
United with the margraviate of Moravia

Moravia-Znojmo
(Mähren-Znaim)
 
1055-1092
1092-1097
1097-1100
1100-1112
1113-1115
1112-1123
1123-1161
1161-1174
1174-1191
1191-1194
1194-1197
1197-
Konrád I Ota (also Brno 1061-1092)
Lutold
Bořivoj (also Brno, Bohemia 1100-07)
Lutold (restored)
Oldrich (also Brno 1100-15)
Soběslav I (duke of Bohemia 1125-40)
Konrad II
Konrád III
Konrád II Ota (margrave 1182)
Vladislav Jindřich (Bohemia 1197)
Jindřich Břetislav (Bohemia 1193-97)
Vladislav Jindřich (now as margrave)

Margraviate of Moravia

Konrád Ota unified Moravia during the 1170s and he also tried to become duke of Bohemia, but he was prevented from this by the emperor who intervened in the Bohemian war of succession. Konrád Ota was therefore forced to give up his claim to Bohemia 1182 but he was compensated by becoming margrave of a Moravia freed from Bohemian suzerainty. However Konrád Ota became duke of Bohemia 1189 whereby Moravia was reunited with Bohemia. In 1197 was the deposed Bohemian duke Vladislav Jindřich given Moravia as a hereditary fief under Bohemian suzerainty.

House of Přemysl

1182- (1191)
1189-1197
1197-1222
1223-1227
1227-1239
1239-1247
1247-1278
1278-1283
1283-1305
1305-1306

Konrád Ota
United with Bohemia
Vladislav Jindřich
Vladislav II
Přemysl
Vladislav III
Přemysl Otakar
Direct rule by the German king (Rudolf I)
Václav II
Václav III


Houses of Habsburg and Carinthia
 

1306-1307

Rudolf Habsburský
1307-1310 Jindřich Korutanský


House of Luxemburg
 

1310-1333

Jan Lucemburský
1333-1349 Karel
1349-1375
1375-1394
1375-1405
Jan Jindřich (count of Tyrol 1335-1341)
Jan Soběslav
Prokop

1375-1411

Jošt
1411-1419 Václav IV
1419-1423 Zikmund


Different Dynasties
 

1423-1439

Albrecht Habsburský
1440-1457 Ladislav Pohrobek
1458-1468 Jiři z Poděbrad

1468-1490

Matyáš Korvín
1490-1516 Vladislav Jagellonský
1516-1526 Ludvík Jagellonský


House of Habsburg
 

1527-1564

Ferdinand I
1564-1576 Maxmilián
1576-1608 Rudolf II
1608-1619 Matyáš

Matyáš become king of Bohemia 1611, which Moravia thereafter is always united with

= Germany
= Luxemburg
= Brandenburg
= Württemberg
= Austria
= Slavonia (Croatia)
= Poland
= Bohemia
= Hungary
= Transylvania