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Örjan Martinsson

Kings of Both Sicilies

Sicily and Southern Italy were under Arab and Byzantine control when Norman knights conquered the region during the 11th century and created an independent state. It was called the Kingdom of Sicily from 1130. The kingdom was divided in two parts 1282 after a rebellion on the island of Sicily. The mainland retained the name "Kingdom of Sicily" although it is usually referred to as the "Kingdom of Naples", on the other hand the official name of the island state was the "Kingdom of Trinacria" but it was usually called the "Kingdom of Sicily". When these two kingdoms were ruled by the same king they were usually called the "Kingdom of Both Sicilies", although it did not become the official name until 1815.

Counts of Sicily
 
Dukes of Apulia and Calabria
 
1062-1101
1101-1113
1113-1130
Ruggero I
Simone
Ruggero II
1059-1085
1085-1111
1111-1127
1127-1130
Roberto il Guiscardo
Ruggero Borsa
Guglielmo
Ruggero II

Kingdom of Sicily

Norman Dynasty

1130-1154
1154-1166
1166-1177
1177-1190
1190-1194
1194
Ruggero II (earlier count and duke)
Guglielmo I (the Bad)
Guglielmo II, il Bouno (the Good)
Interregnum
Tancredi di Lecce
Guglielmo III di Lecce

House of Hohenstaufen
 
1194-1197
1198-1250
1212-1235
1250-1254
1254-1268
1258-1266
Enrico I  
Federico I
Enrico II
Corrado I
Corrado II (Konradin)
Manfredi

House of Anjou
 
1266-1282 Carlo I (king of Naples to 1285)
Sicily

House of Barcelona
 


Naples

House of Anjou
 

1282-1285 Pietro I 1282-1285 Carlo I
1285-1296 Giacomo 1285-1309 Carlo II (the Lame)
1296-1337
1337-1342
1342-1355
1355-1377
1377-1402
1392-1409
Federico II
Pietro II
Luigi
Federico III
Maria
Martino I
1309-1343 Roberto I (the Wise)
1343-1381 Giovanna I
1343-1345 Andrea d´Ungheria
1381-1386 Carlo III di Durazzo
1386-1414 Ladislao di Durazzo
1414-1435 Giovanna II
1409-1410
1410-1412
Martino II
Interregnum

 
1434-1442 Renato (the Good)

House of Trastámara
 


Houses of Trastámara and Valois
 

1412-1416

Ferdinando

1442-1458 Alfonso I
1416-1458 Alfonso I 1458-1494 Ferdinando I (Ferrante)
1458-1479 Giovanni 1494-1495 Alfonso II
1479-1516 Ferdinando II 1495
1495-1496
1496-1501
Carlo (VIII)
Ferdinando II
Federico IV
1501-1504 Luigi (XII)
1501-1516 Ferdinando III

Sicily and Naples

A series of wars called the Italian Wars began at the end of 15th century. They erupted because the French kings inherited the house of Anjous’s claim on the kingdom of Naples. The French managed to conquer Naples two times, the last time (1501) in collaboration with the Spanish king Ferdinand the Catholic, who became co-regent in Naples. He outmanoeuvred the French from the kingdom 1503-04 so that he became the sole ruler of Both Sicilies.

1516-1556
1556-1598
1598-1621
1621-1665
1665-1700
House of Habsburg
 
Carlo II and V
Filippo I
Filippo II
Filippo III
Carlo III and VI

1700-1713


House of Bourbon
 
Filippo IV

1714-1720


House of Savoy (in Sicily)
 
Vittorio Amadeo
1714-1735
House of Habsburg
 
Carlo IV and VII 
1735-1759
1759-1815

House of Bourbon
 
Carlo V and VIII *
Ferdinando IV and III

1799

Parthenopean Republic (Naples)

Kingdom of Naples
(French satellite state on the mainland 1806-1815)
 
1806-1808
1808-1815
Guiseppe Bonaparte (Joseph)
Gioacchino Murat (Joachim Murat) **

Both Sicilies
 
1815-1825
1825-1830
1830-1859
1859-1860
Ferdinando I (restored)
Francesco I
Ferdinando II
Francesco II

Both Sicilies was 1860 conquered by Garibaldi and became a part of the unified Italy

* = Carlo was 1731-1735 duke of Parma and 1759-1788 king of Spain.
** = Joachim Murat was 1806-1808 grand duke of Berg.

= France
= Anjou
= Navarre
= Aragon
= Portugal
= "Belgium"
= Lorraine
= Provence
= Savoy
= Milan
= Germany
= Swabia
= Austria
= Jerusalem
= Bohemia
= Hungary
= Transylvania
= Albania
= Benevento or Capua