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Örjan Martinsson

Counts and Kings of Portugal

Present day Portugal evolved from a county that was created in the northern part of the country in the ninth century. These counts were for a long time vassals under the kings of Galicia and León, but Nuno II Mendes managed to gain independence for a short period. He was however defeated by the Galician king Garcia II in 1071. The latter styled himself king of Galicia and Portugal after the victory, and the titles were also used by the Castilian king who conquered his kingdoms the following year. A new Portuguese county was created in 1095 and this new dynasty managed to make Portugal an independent kingdom 44 years later. Its independence was recognised 1143 by the king of Castile and except for the period 1580-1640 Portugal have ever since been a sovereign nation

County of Portugal

868-873
873- ?
? - c. 924
c. 924-950
c. 950-999
999-1008
1008-1015
1017-1028
1028-1050
1050 -1071
1071-1095
1095-1112
1112- (1185)
Vímara Peres
Lucídio Vimaranes
Onega Lucides and Diogo Fernandes
Mumadona Dias and Mendo Gonçalves
Gonçalo Mendes
Mendo II Gonçalves
Alvito Nunes
Ilduara Mendes and Nuno Alvites
Mendo III Nunes
Nuno II Mendes
United with the county of Coimbra
Henrique da Borgonha
Afonso I Henriques ( = 1139)

Kingdom of Portugal
 
1071-1072 Garcia II
1072-1109 Afonso VI
1109-1112 Urraca
1112-1143 Afonso VII

House of Burgundy
 
1139-1185
1185-1211
1211-1223
1223-1245
1245-1279
1279-1325
1325-1357
1357-1367
1367-1383
Afonso I Henriques (count from 1112)
Sancho I
Afonso II
Sancho II o Capelo (the Fat)
Afonso III (regent 1245-1248)
Dinis I o Lavrador (the Labourer)
Afonso IV o Bravo (the Brave)
Pedro I o Justiceiro (the Just)
Fernando I

House of Avis
 
1383-1433
1433-1438
1438-1481
1481-1495
1495-1521
1521-1557
1557-1578
1578-1580
1580-1583
João I o Grande (den store)
Duarte I
Afonso V o Africano (the African)
João II o Perfeito (the Perfect)
Manuel I o Grande (the Great)
João III o Piedoso (the Pious)
Sebastião I
Cardeal Henrique (Henry the Cardinal)
António I

House of Habsburg
 
1580-1598
Filipe I

1598-1621 Filipe II
1621-1640 Filipe III

House of
Bragança
 
1640-1656
1656-1683
1683-1706
1706-1750
1750-1777
1777-1784
1777-1816
1816-1826
1826
1826-1828
1828-1834
1834-1853
João IV o Afortunado (the Fortunate)
Afonso VI
Pedro II
João V
José
Pedro III (king consort to Maria I)
Maria I Franciska
João VI
Pedro IV
Maria II da Gloria
Miguel I
Maria II da Gloria (restored)

House of Braganca-Coburg
 
1837-1853
1853-1861
1861-1889
1889-1908
1908-1910
1910-
Fernando II (king consort to Maria II)
Pedro V
Louiz
Carlos I
Manuel II
Republic
= Spain
= Galicia
= Castile and León
= Aragon
= Spanish Netherlands
= Navarre
= Milan
= Both Sicilies