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Örjan Martinsson

Asturias, Galicia and León

When the Visigothic kingdom collapsed as a result of the Moors invasion 711 the province of Asturias on Spain's northern coast was the only part that was not conquered. Pelayo (or perhaps Alfonso I) created the kingdom of Asturias, which would defend and expand the territories ruled by Christians during the following centuries. Asturias was in the year 910 divided into three parts between the brothers Fruela II (Asturias), Ordoño II (Galicia) and García I (León). These part kingdom were soon reunited (924) but then with the name Kingdom of León. The Galician kingdom were also later ruled by their own kings for short periods until it was permanently united with León 1126. Before that had León been conquered by the Castilian king Fernando I (1037) and León and Castile were during the following two centuries ruled by different kings for only short periods, from 1230 the union was permanent. At first León was the most important kingdom in Spain but centre of power shifted with time to Castile.

Kingdom of Asturias

c. 718-737
737-739
739-757
757-768
768-774
774-783
783-789
789-791
791-842
842
842-850
850-866
866-910
910-925
Pelayo
Favila
Alfonso I el Católico (the Catholic)
Fruela
Aurelio
Silo
Mauregato
Bermudo I el Diácono (the Deacon)
Alfonso II el Casto (the Chaste)
Nepociano
Ramiro I
Ordoño I
Alfonso III el Magno (the Great)
Fruela II (also León and Galicia from 924)
Asturias is united with León 924

Kingdom of Galicia
 

910-924
924-925
925-926
926-929
929-982
982-999
984-1065
1065-1072
1072-1112
1112-1157
Ordoño II
Fruela II (Asturias from 910)
Alfonso Froilaz el jorobado (the Hunchback)
Sancho I Ordóñez
United with León
Bermudo II
United with León
García II
United with Castile and León
Alfonso VII


Galicia is united with León 1126

Kingdom of León
 

910-914
914-924
924-925
925
925-931
931-951
951-956
956-958
958-960
960-966
967-984
984-999
999-1028
1028-1037
García I
Ordoño II (Galicia from 910)
Fruela II (Asturias from 910)
Alfonso Froilaz el jorobado (the Hunchback)
Alfonso IV el Monje (the Monk)
Ramiro II
Ordoño III
Sancho I el Craso (the Fat)
Ordoño IV
Sancho I (restored)
Ramiro III
Bermudo II el Gotoso (the Gouty)
Alfonso V el Noble (the Noble)
Bermudo III
1037-1065

House of Jimenez

Fernando I el Grande (the Great)


1065-1072 Alfonso VI el Bravo (the Brave)
1072 Sancho II el Fuerte (the Strong)
1072-1109 Alfonso VI (restored)
1109-1126 Urraca *
1126-1157
1157-1188
1188-1230

House of Burgundy

Alfonso VII el Emperador (the Emperor)
Fernando II
Alfonso IX

León is united with Castile 1230

* = Urraca was married with Alfonso I of Aragon and Navarre.

= Aragon = Castile = Navarre   = Portugal