Charlemagne conquered Barcelona from the Moors 801. He created the
"Spanish March", which was divided into several counties who were subordinated
to the count of Barcelona. This count usually controlled more than one county
and with time Barcelona became more and more independent until finally 987 when they
refused to recognise the French king's supremacy. France would however not
recognise Barcelona's independence until the treaty of Corbeil 1258. But by
then the county of Barcelona had become an important regional power with
greatly expanded dominions. The most important of these were Aragon, which
became the name of the united crown as it was a kingdom and Barcelona just a
The Kingdom of Aragon had been created when Sancho III of Navarre partitioned
his kingdom between his three sons 1035. In the beginning Aragon was just an
insignificant mountain kingdom, but it expanded considerably during the Reconquista.
Queen Petronilla married the count of Barcelona, Ramón Berenguer IV, and their
son took over both states when the father died 1162. During the reconquista,
Jaime I conquered Mallorca and Valencia from the Moors 1229 and 1238 respectively.
These lands were called kingdoms although they were permanently united with Aragon.
The crown of Aragon was it self united with the crown of Castile 1479 when Fernando the
Catholic became king. He had already been regent of Castile as husband to queen Isabel.
This union meant that the kingdom of Spain was created.
The first column of names are in Spanish, the second are in Catalan.
Wifredo II (Borrel I)
Berenguer Ramón I
Ramón Berenguer I
Berenguer Ramón II
Ramón Berenguer II
Ramón Berenguer III
Ramón Berenguer IV
Guifré el Pilós (the Hairy)
Guifré II (Borrel I)
Berenguer Ramon el Corbat
Ramon Berenguer el Vell (the Old)
Berenguer Ramon el Fratricida
Ramon Berenguer el Cap d'Estopes
Ramon Berenguer el Gran (the Great)
Ramon Berenguer el Sant (the Holy)