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  _____________________

Örjan Martinsson

The Kingdom of Aragon
and the County of Barcelona

Charlemagne conquered Barcelona from the Moors 801. He created the "Spanish March", which was divided into several counties who were subordinated to the count of Barcelona. This count usually controlled more than one county and with time Barcelona became more and more independent until finally 987 when they refused to recognise the French king's supremacy. France would however not recognise Barcelona's independence until the treaty of Corbeil 1258. But by then the county of Barcelona had become an important regional power with greatly expanded dominions. The most important of these were Aragon, which became the name of the united crown as it was a kingdom and Barcelona just a county.

The Kingdom of Aragon had been created when Sancho III of Navarre partitioned his kingdom between his three sons 1035. In the beginning Aragon was just an insignificant mountain kingdom, but it expanded considerably during the Reconquista. Queen Petronilla married the count of Barcelona, Ramón Berenguer IV, and their son took over both states when the father died 1162. During the reconquista, Jaime I conquered Mallorca and Valencia from the Moors 1229 and 1238 respectively. These lands were called kingdoms although they were permanently united with Aragon. The crown of Aragon was it self united with the crown of Castile 1479 when Fernando the Catholic became king. He had already been regent of Castile as husband to queen Isabel. This union meant that the kingdom of Spain was created.

The first column of names are in Spanish, the second are in Catalan.

County of Barcelona

801-820
820-826
826-832
832-835
835-844
844-848
848-850
850-852
852-858
858-864
865-878
Bera
Rampón
Bernardo
Berenguer
Berà
Rampó
Bernat de Septimània
Berenguer de Tolosa
Bernat de Septimània (restored)
Sunifred I
Guillem de Septimània
Alerán and Isembard
Odalric
Humfrid
Bernat de Gótia
Bernardo
Sunifredo I
Guillermo
Alerán and Isembard
Odalrico
Hunifredo
Bernardo de Gothia

878-897
897-911
911-947
947-992
947-966
992-1018
1018-1035
1035-1076
1076-1097
1076-1082
1082-1131
1131-1162

House of Barcelona

Wifredo I
Wifredo II (Borrel I)
Suñer I
Borrel II
Miró
Ramón Borrell
Berenguer Ramón I
Ramón Berenguer I
Berenguer Ramón II
Ramón Berenguer II
Ramón Berenguer III
Ramón Berenguer IV


Guifré el Pilós (the Hairy)
Guifré II (Borrel I)
Sunyer I
Borrel II
Miró
Ramon Borrell
Berenguer Ramon el Corbat
Ramon Berenguer el Vell (the Old)
Berenguer Ramon el Fratricida
Ramon Berenguer el Cap d'Estopes
Ramon Berenguer el Gran (the Great)
Ramon Berenguer el Sant (the Holy)
The county of Barcelona unites with Aragon 1137

Kingdom of Aragon
 

1035-1063
1063-1094
1094-1104
1104-1134
1134-1137
1137-1162
House of Jimenez
 
Ramiro I
Sancho IV

Ramir
Sanç
Pedro I Pere
Alfonso I *
Ramiro II
Petronilla
Alfons el Bataller (the Battler)
Ramir el Monje (the Monk)
Peronella
1137-1162
1162-1196
1196-1213
1213-1276
1276-1285
1285-1291
1291-1327
1327-1336
1336-1387
1387-1396
1396-1410

House of Barcelona

Ramón Berenguer IV (prince, also count of Barcelona from 1131)

Alfonso II Alfons el Cast (the Chaste)
Pedro II
Jaime I
Pere el Catòlic (the Catholic)
Jaume el Conqueridor (the Conqueror)
Pedro III Pere el Grande (the Great)
Alfonso III Alfons el Liberal (the Liberal)
Jaime II Jaume el Just (the Just)
Alfonso IV
Pedro IV
Juan I
Alfons el Benigne (the Kind)
Pere el Cerimoniós (the Ceremonious)
Joan el Caçador (the Hunter)
Martin I Martí l'Humà (the Humane)
1412-1416
1416-1458
1458-1479

House of Trastámara

 
Fernando I

Ferran el d'Antequera (the Just)
Alfonso V Alfons el Magnànim (the Magnanimous)
Juan II Joan el Gran (the Great)

Aragon unites with Castile and create the kingdom of  Spain 1479

* = Alfonso I was married with queen Urraca of Castile and thereby regent over that kingdom.

= Navarre = Castile = Toulouse = Provence = Sicily