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Örjan Martinsson

Dukes of Parma and Piacenza

The city of of Parma and its surrounding area were during the early middle age ruled by bishops but became a self-governing commune 1115. Like many other Italian communes came to power in Parma eventually in the hands of one man, a so called signore. In 1346 took Milan over the control over Parma and it became a part of Papal States 1512. Pope Paul III enfiefed Parma and Piacenz to his illegitimate son Piero Lodovico as duchies 1545. As a result of the War of the Austrian Succession was the duchy Guastalla added to Parma 1748. After a brief period as a part of France was Parma given to Napoleon's wife Marie Louise of Habsburg by the Congress at Vienna. The collateral branch of the house of Bourbon that had previously ruled Parma became instead dukes of Lucca. When Marie Louise died 1847 was the house of Bourbon temporarily restored but they were deposed again during the unification of Italy 1859-1861.

Signores of Parma

1303-1311
1311
1311
1311
1311-1316
1316-1322
1322-1326
1326-1328
1328-1329
1329-1331
1331-1333
1333-1335
1335-1341
1341-1344
1344-1346

1346-1512
1512-1545

Giberto da Correggio
Guido Cocconato
Franceschino Malaspina
Falcone Enrici
Giberto da Correggio
(restored)
Gianquirico san Vitale
Marsilio Rossi
Passerino della Torre
Rolando Rossi
Marsilio Rossi
(restored)
Castellino Beccaria
Matteo da Sommo
Alberto della Scala
Azzo da Correggio
Obizzo d'Este
(also Modena & Ferrara 1344-52)

Part of Milan
Part of the Papal States


Dukes of Parma and Piacenza
 
1545-1547
1547-1586
1586-1592
1592-1622
1622-1646
1646-1694
1694-1727
1727-1731
House of Farnese

Piero Lodovico
Ottavio
Alessandro
Ranuccio I
Odoardo
Ranuccio II
Francesco
Antonio Francesco


Houses of Bourbon and Habsburg
 
1731-1735 Carlo I  ( = 1735-1759, = 1759-1788)
1735-1740 Carlo (VI)
1740-1748 Maria Teresa
1748-1765
1765-1802
1802-1808
1808-1814
1814-1847
1847-1848
1848-1854
1854-1859
Filippo
Ferdinando
Occupied by France
Part of France *

Maria Luigia

Carlo II Luigi
Carlo III
Roberto

Parma unites with Sardinia 1860, which is transformed into the kingdom of Italy 1861

* = Parma was 1808-1814 a French departement called Taro. The titles "duke of Parma" and "duke of Piacenza" was then used by the French officials Jean-Jacques Régis de Cambacérès and Charles François Lebrun. Napoleon's sister Pauline became already in 1806 duchess of Guastalla.

= "Belgium"
= Spain
= Milan
= Both Sicilies
= Germany
= Austria
= Bohemia
= Hungary
= Transylvania