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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Benevento

The duchy of Benevento was created in southern Italy in the late 6th when Italy was conquered by the Lombards. Benevento was elevated to a principality after Charlemagne's conquest of the Lombard kingdom and it managed thereafter for the most of the time to maintain its independence from the Franks. It was however in 840 partitioned into three parts (Benevento, Capua and Salerno). All these so called Lombard principalities were conquered by the Normans in the 11tth and then merged into the kingdom of Sicily, which was created in 1130. A small fraction of the the principality of Benevento (the city itself) became however a part of the Papal States and remained, apart from 1806-1815 when Napoleon's minister Talleyrand was its prince, under Papal rule until the unification of Italy in 1860.

Duchy of Benevento

571-591
591-641
641-646
646-651
651-662
662-677
677-707
707-730
730-732
732-733
733-740
740-743
743-749
749-758
758-774

Zottone
Arechi I
Aione I
Radoaldo
Grimoaldo I *
Romualdo I
Grimoaldo II
Romualdo II
Andelais
Gisulfo I
Gregorio
Godescalco
Gisulfo II
Liutprando
Arechi II


Principality of Benevento
 

774-787
787-806
806-817
817-832
832-839
839-853
854-878
878-881
881-884
884-890
890-891
891-895
895-897
897-900
900-910
901-943
911-940
933-943
940-961
943-959
959-968
961-981
968-981
981-1014
987-1033
1012-1053
1038-1053

Arechi II (same as above)
Grimoaldo III
Grimoaldo IV
Sicone I
Sicardo
Radelchi I
Adelchi
Gaideri
Radelchi II
Aione II
Orso
Byzantine rule
Guido
Radelchi II (restored)
Atenolfo I
Landolfo I
Atenolfo II
Atenolfo III
Landolfo II
Pandolfo I
Landolfo III
Pandolfo I (restored, also Salerno)
Landolfo IV
Pandolfo II
Landolfo V
Pandolfo III
Landolfo VI


Princes under Papal Suzerainty
 

1053-1054
1054-1059
1054-1077
1056-1074

Rodolfo
Pandolfo III (restored)
Landolfo VI (restored)
Pandolfo IV


Independent Princes
 

1078-1081
1081-1806
1806-1815
1815-1860
1860-

Roberto il Guiscardo
Part of the Papal States
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand
Part of the Papal States
Part of Italy

Benevento was 840 partitioned in three parts into Benevento Capua and Salerno.

County of Capua
 
Principality of Salerno
 

840-842
842-861
861
861-862
862
862-879
879-882
882-885
885-887
887- (910)

Landolfo I
Landone I
Landone II
Pandone
Pandenolfo
Landolfo II
Pandenolfo (restored)
Landone III
Landenolfo I
Atenolfo I

840-851
851-853
853
853-861
861-880
880-900
900-946
946-978
978-981
981

Siconolfo
Sicone II
Pietro
Ademaro
Guaiferio
Guaimario I
Guaimario II
Gisulfo I
Pandolfo I
Pandolfo


Principality of Capua
 

981-983
981-983
983-994
994-1027

Mansone
Giovanni I
Giovanni II
Guaimario III

900-982
982-992
982-993
993-999
999
999-1007
1007-1022
1009-1016
1016-1021
1020-1022
1022-1026
1026-1039
1038-1046
1046-1050
1050-1057
1057-1059

United with Benevento
Aleardo
Landenolfo II
Laidolfo
Aldemaro
Landolfo VII
Pandolfo II
Pandolfo III
Pandolfo IV
Pandolfo V
Pandolfo VI
Pandolfo IV (restored)
Guaimaro
Pandolfo IV (re-restored)
Pandolfo V (restored)
Landolfo VIII

1027-1052
1052-1077
1077

Guaimario IV
Gisulfo II
Salerno is conquered by the Normans


Norman Princes
 

1058-1078
1078-1091
1091
1091-1098
1098-1106
1107-1120
1120
1120-1127
1127-1135
1135-1137
1137
1137-1144
1144-1155
1155-1156
1156

Riccardo I
Giordano I
Riccardo II
Landone IV
Riccardo II (restored)
Roberto I
Riccardo III
Giordano II
Roberto II
Alfonso d'Altavilla
Roberto II (restored)
Alfonso (restored)
Guglielmo d'Altavilla
Roberto II (re-restored)
Capua is united with Sicily

* = Grimoaldi I was king of the Lombards 662-671

= Sicily or Apulia-Calabria   = Benevento