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Örjan Martinsson

Counts of Holland

Holland, which today is divided into two Dutch provinces, have dominated the history of the Netherlands so much that its name have become a synonym to the Netherlands. The early history of the county of Holland is clouded but it emerged in the region that was called Frisia during the Middle age and which approximately correspond to most of the modern state of the Netherlands. The counts of Holland tried frequently to increase their territory but apart from the acquisition of Zeeland during the 14th century they had no lasting success. Instead it became a part of the mighty medieval dynasties possessions, first Wittelsbach then Valois and thereafter Habsburg. Holland liberated itself together with other provinces from Habsburg control and created the independent state of The Netherlands 1581

Counts in Frisia

c. 833-856

c. 885-896

Gerulf I

Gerulf II




County of Holland
(Western Frisia before 1101)
 
c. 896-939
c. 939-988
988-993
993-1039
1039-1049
1049-1061
1061-1091
1091-1121
1121-1157
1157-1190
1190-1203

Dirk I
Dirk II
Arnulf van Gent
Dirk III Hierosolymitas (Jerusalem-traveller)
Dirk IV
Florist I
Dirk V
Floris II de Vette (the Fat)
Dirk VI
Floris III
Dirk VII

1203-1222 Willem I
1222-1234 Floris IV
1234-1256
1256-1296
1296-1299

Willem II
Floris V
Jan I

1299-1304


House of Avesnes

Jan II

1304-1337 Willem III
1337-1345 Willem IV
1345-1349 Margaretha II
1349-1389


House of Wittelsbach
 

Willem V
1389-1404 Albrecht
1404-1417 Willem VI
1417-1428
Jacoba (regent to 1433)

1418 & 1425 Jan III (house of Valois)
1418-1425 Jan IV
1425-1467


House of Valois

Filips de Goede (the Good)


1467-1477 Karel de Stoute (the Bold)
1477-1482 Maria
1482-1506


House of Habsburg

Filips de Schone (the Fair)


1506-1555 Karel (V)  
1555-1581 Filips (II)

Holland join the United Netherlands in 1581

Stadtholders of Holland and Zeeland
(and Utrecht from 1528)

All Dutch provinces belonging to the houses of Valois and Habsburg were administrated by stadtholders. Holland and Zeeland had a common stadtholder who after Karel's (Charles V's) purchase of Utrecht in 1528 also ruled over that province.

1433-1440
1440-1445
1445-1448
1448-1462
1462-1477
1477-1480
1480-1483
1483-1515

Hugo van Lannoy
Willem van Lalaing
Gozewijn de Wilde
Jan van Lannoy
Lodewijk van Gruuthuse
Wolfert VI van Borselen
Joost van Lalaing
Jan III van Egmond
1515-1521 Hendrik III van Nassau
1522-1540 Antoon van Lalaing
1540-1544 René van Chalon
1544-1546
1547-1558
Lodewijk van Vlaanderen
Maximiliaan II van Bourgondië
1559-1567 Willem I van Oranje-Nassau
1567-1573 Maximiliaan van Hennin
1572-1584 Willem I (restored)
1573-1574 Filips van Noircarmes

Willem I led from 1572 a rebellion against the Spanish king which resulted in the creation of the Dutch republic (United Netherlands) 1581. The stadtholders of Holland were thereafter the de facto head of states of the Netherlands. The following stadtholders are therefore listed on the page with the regents of The Netherlands.

= Spain
= Castile
= Portugal
= The Burgundian lands
= Milan
= Both Sicilies
= Hainaut
= Brabant
= Luxemburg
= Frisia
= Limburg

= Nassau
= Germany
= Bavaria
= Austria