Home Great Northern War Historical Atlas Guestbook
Maps Population Regents Scandinavia
 
  Regent Names
  Flags

 
 
  British Isles
  Benelux
  France
  Iberian Peninsula
  Italy
  Central Europe
  Germany
  Scandinavia
  Baltic
  Poland

  Eastern Europe
  Balkans

  _____________________

Örjan Martinsson

The Byzantine Empire

The history of the Byzantine Empire begins 324 when Constantinus the Great became emperor over the entire Roman Empire and order the foundation of a new capital near the old city. This new town was first called New Rome but was later renamed to Constantinople. 395 the Roman Empire is permanently divided between a western and a eastern emperor. The eastern half of the Roman Empire was dominated by the Greek language and had therefore the character of a Greek empire. While the western half perished in less than a century after the partition, the eastern half would as the Byzantine Empire survive until 1204 when it was conquered by the fourth crusade. The crusaders created the Latin Empire in its place but the Byzantine legacy survived in the Greek empire of Nicea, which conquered the Latin Empire 1261 and restored the Byzantine Empire. But it was much weaker than it had been before the forth crusade and could not prevent the expansive Ottoman Empire, which ended the history of the Byzantine Empire when it conquered Constantinople 1453.

House of Constantine the Great

324-337

Constantinus I (the Great)

337-361 Constantius II  
361-363 Iulianus Apostata (the Apostate)
363-364 Iovianus


House of Valentinianus
 

364-378
379-395
395-408
408-450
Valens
Theodosius I (den store)
Arcadius
Theodosius II


Different Dynasties
 

450-457
457-474
474
474-491
491-518
518-527
527-565
565-578
578-582
582-602
602-610
Marcianus
Leo I
Leo II
Zeno
Anastasius I Dicorus
Iustinus I
Iustinianus I
Iustinus II
Tiberius II Constantinus
Mauricius Tiberius
Phocas


House of Herakleios
 

610-641
641
641-642
642-668
668-685
685-695
Hērakleios
Kōnstantinos Hērakleios
Hērakleios Kōnstantinos
Kōnstantinos III
Kōnstantinos IV
Ioustinianos II


Different Dynasties
 

695-698
698-705
705-711
711-713
713-715
715-717
Leontios
Tiberios II
Ioustinianos II (restored)
Philippikos
Anastasios II
Theodosios III

The Syrian Dynasty
 
717-741
741-775
775-780
780-797
797-802
Leōn III
Kōnstantinos V
Leōn IV
Kōnstantinos VI
Eirēnē (Irene)


Different Dynasties
 

802-811
811
811-813
813-820
Nikēphoros I
Staurakios
Mikhaēl I Rangabē
Leōn V

The Frygian Dynasty
 
820-829
829-842
842-867
Mikhaēl II
Theophilos
Mikhaēl III

The Macedonian Dynasty
 
867-886
886-912
912-913
913-919
919-944
944-959
959-963
Basileios I
Leōn VI
Alexandros
Kōnstantinos VII Porphyrogenitus
Rōmanos I Lakapēnos
Kōnstantinos VII (restored)
Rōmanos II

Different Dynasties
 
963-969
969-976
Nikēphoros II Phōkas
Iōannēs I Tzimiskēs

The Macedonian Dynasty
 
976-1025
1025-1028
Basileios II (the Bulgar Slayer)
Kōnstantinos VIII

Different Dynasties
 
1028-1034
1034-1041
1041-1042
1042-1055
1055-1056
1056-1057
1057-1059
1059-1067
1067-1068
1068-1071
1071-1078
1078-1081
Rōmanos III Argyropoulos
Mikhaēl IV
Mikhaēl V Kalafates
Kōnstantinos IX Monomakhos
Theodōra
Mikhaēl VI Bringas
Isaakios I Komnēnos
Kōnstantinos X Doukas
Mikhaēl VII Doukas
Rōmanos IV Diogenēs
Mikhaēl VII Doukas (restored)
Nikēphoros III Botaneiatēs

House of Komnēnos
 
1081-1118
1118-1143
1143-1180
1180-1183
1183-1185
Alexios I
Iōannēs II
Manouēl I
Alexios II
Andronikos I

House of Angelos
 
1185-1195
1195-1203
1203-1204
Isaakios II
Alexios III
Isaakios II (restored)

Byzantium is divided by the fourth crusade 1204
 
Latin Empire
 
Empire of Nicea
 
1204-1205
Baudouin I de Flandre
1204-1222
1222-1254
Theodōros I Laskaris
Iōannēs III Doukas Batatzēs
1205-1216 Henri de Flandre
1216-1219
1219-1228
1228-1237
1228-1261
Pierre de Courtenay
Robert de Courtenay
Jean de Brienne (regent) *
1254-1258
1258
1258-1261
Theodōros II Laskaris
Iōannēs IV Laskaris
Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos
Baudouin II

Byzantium is restored when the Latin Empire is conquered by Nicea 1261

House of Palaiologos

1261-1282
1282-1328
1328-1341
1341-1347
1347-1355
1355-1376
1376-1379
1379-1390
1390
1390-1391
1391-1425
1425-1448
1448-1453
Mikhaēl VIII (same as above)
Andronikos II
Andronikos III
Iōannēs V
Iōannēs VI Kantakouzēnos
Iōannēs V (restored)
Andronikos IV
Iōannēs V (re-restored)
Iōannēs VII
Iōannēs V (re-re-restored)
Manouēl II
Iōannēs VIII
Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs

Byzantium is conquered by the Turks 1453

* = Jean de Brienne was king of Jerusalem 1210-1212 (regent 1212-1225).

= West Roman Empire   = Flanders  = Hainaut   = Namur