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Örjan Martinsson

Counts and Dukes of Touraine

The region of Touraine along the river Loire and with Tours as capitol is called "the garden of France". During the Middle age it was a county which later became a duchy.  However it was never an independent political entity for any longer period. Instead it was usually united with the county of Anjou and later the French royal domain. Touraine was often granted as an apanage to members of the French royal house and was during the Hundred Years War a hereditary fief for a branch of the Scottish Douglas-clan. When that branch became extinct was Touraine returned to the French crown. Touraine continued to be granted as an apanage in 16th century as well and was for example given to the king mother Louise 1525-1531 and queen Mary of France and Scotland 1558-1560. These people had apart from Touraine also other fiefs that were more or less titulary. Touraine was not definitively united with the royal domain until 1584.

County of Touraine

House of Eticho

815-828
828-866
866-902
Hugues le Méfiant (the Timid)
Liutfrid I
Liutfrid II

Robertingian and Welfish Houses
 
859-866
866-886
886-888
888-922
Robert le Fort (the Strong)
Hugues l'Abbé (the Abbot)
Eudes (kung av France 888-98)
Robert II (king of France 922-23)

House of Blois
(viscount)
 
908-940
940-1044
1044-1203
1203-1332
1332-1344
Thibaut l'Ancien (the Old)
United with Blois (Champagne)
United with Anjou
Part of the French royal domain
United with Anjou

Duchy of Touraine

House of Valois
 

1344-1360
1360-1363
1363-1384
1384-1386
1386-1392
1392-1401
1401-1416
1416-1422
1422-1424
Philippe (duke of Orléans 1344-1375)
Philippe II (duke of Burgundy 1363-1404)
United with Anjou (Louis I)
Part of the French royal domain
Louis II (duke of Orléans 1392-1407)
Part of the French royal domain
Jean (Dauphine of Viennois)
Charles (king of France 1422-1461)
Part of the French royal domain

House of Douglas
 
1424
1424-1438
1438-1440
Archibald I
Archibald II
William

Touraine is returned to the French royal domain after the murder of William 1440