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Örjan Martinsson

Nassau

Nassau was never an important German state and it was because of its insignificance one of its count, Adolf, was elected to be king of Germany 1292. His attempt to create a large territorial power base by annexing Meissen and Thuringia got him deposed as king and he was killed in battle against is successor 1298. Before that had the county of Nassau been partitioned between the Walramian and Ottonian lines of the house of Nassau. The counts belonging to the Ottonian line are recorded in a separate page and would later become kings over the Netherlands, England and Scotland. The Walramian line on the other hand underwent further partitions, two of its branches became elevated to principalities. The two remaining Walramian lines were 1806 elevated to duchies and all Nassau was 1814-1816 united by the Walramian branch Nassau-Weilberg. The united Nassau was however conquered by Prussia in 1866 and became a part of its province Hessen-Nassau. This province was merged with other states after the Second World War and became the German part state of Hessen.

County of Nassau
(counts of Laurenburg to 1160, thereafter Nassau)

ca 1093-1117
ca - 1124
ca 1123-1152
ca 1123-1144
ca 1151-1158
ca 1151-1198
ca 1158-1198
ca 1158
ca 1160-1190
ca 1198-1247
ca 1247-1255
ca 1247-1255

Dudo
Heinrich
Ruprecht I
Arnold I
Arnold II
Walram I
Ruprecht II (Laurenburg)
Heinrich I (Nassau)
Ruprecht III
Heinrich II
Walram II
Otto I

Nassau is partitioned between the Walramian and
the Ottonian line of the house of Nassau 1255.

Walramian Line
 

1255-1277 Walram II
1277-1298 Adolf

1298-1304
1298-1355
1298-1322
1344-1355
1344-1355

Ruprecht IV
Gerlach I
Walram III
Adolf II
Johann I
Parted in N-Wiesbaden-Idstein and N-Weilburg-Saarbrücken

Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein
 

1344-1370
1370-1386
1370-1393
1393-1426
1426-1480
1480-1509
1480-1511
1511-1558
1558-1566
1566-1568
1568-1596
1596-1605
1605

Adolf II
Gerlach II (Wiesbaden)
Walram IV (Idstein)
Adolf III
Johann II
Philipp (Idstein)
Adolf IV (Wiesbaden)
Philipp I
Philipp II
Balthasar
Johann Ludwig I
Johann Ludwig II
United with Nassau-Weilburg


Nassau-Weilburg-Saarbrücken

 

1344-1371
1355-1390
1371-1429
1429- (1492)

Johann I (Weilburg)
Ruprecht (Sonnenberg)
Philipp I
Philipp II

Partitioned in Nassau-Weilburg and Nassau-Saarbrücken 1442

Nassau-Weilburg
 

Nassau-Saarbrücken
 

(1429) -1492
1492-1523
1523-1559
1559-1593
1559-1602
1593-1625
1625- (1640)
1625- (1668)

Philipp II
Ludwig I
Philipp III
Albrecht
Philipp IV
Ludwig III
Wilhelm Ludwig (N-Saarbr.)
Johann IV (N-Idstein)

1442-1472
1472-1544
1544-1554
1554-1559
1559-1574
1574
 

Johann II
Johann Ludwig
Philipp
Adolf
Johann III
United with N-Weilburg
 


Nassa-Weilburg is 1629 partitioned in N-Saarbrücken, N-Idstein and N-Weilburg. The former is in its turn partitioned 1659 in N-Ottweiler, N-Usingen and N-Saarbrücken


Nassau-Idstein
(principality 1688)
 


Nassau-Saarbrücken
 

(1625) -1668
1668-1721
1721

Johann IV
Georg August Samuel
United with N-Ottweiler

(1625) -1640
1640-1642
1642- (1699)
1642- (1702)
1642-1677
1677-1713
1713-1728
1728-1735

1735-1768
1768-1794
1794-1797
1797

Wilhelm Ludwig
Kraft
Johann Ludwig (N-Ottweiler)
Volrad (N-Usingen)
Gustav Adolf
Ludwig Kraft
United with N-Ottweiler
United with N-Usingen

Wilhelm Heinrich II
Ludwig
Heinrich
United with N-Usingen


Nassau-Ottweiler
 

(1642) -1699
1699-1728
1728

Johann Ludwig
Friedrich Ludwig
United with N-Usingen


Nassau-Usingen
(principality 1688-1806, thereafter duchy)
 

(1642) -1702
1702-1718
1718-1775
1734
1775-1803
1803-1816
1816

Volrad
Wilhelm Heinrich I
Karl
Parted in  Usingen and Saarbr.
Karl Wilhelm
Friedrich August
United with N-Weilburg

Nassau-Weilburg
(duchy from 1806 and all Nassau from 1816)

1629-1655
1655-1675
1675-1684
1675-1719
1719-1753
1753-1788
1788-1816
1816-1839
1839-1866
1866

Ernst Kasimir
Friedrich
Friedrich Wilhelm I
Johann Ernst
Karl August
Karl Christian
Friedrich Wilhelm II
Wilhelm
Adolf *
Conquered by Prussia

* = Adolf was grand duke of Luxemburg 1890-1905

= Germany   = Thuringia   = Meissen