Swedish Uniforms in
the Battle of Helsingborg
The half newly raised army that
defeated the Danes in the battle of Helsingborg 1710 should have looked like
the pictures on this page. The amount of available uniform information
varies however for the different regiments and I have been forced to fill in
the gaps of knowledge with later information (or earlier in appropriate
cases). Click on the pictures for more detailed information about each regiment.
Most of the regiments which
were restored in the autumn of 1709 after the disastrous battle of Poltava (and
some old such as the Saxon Regiment)
were exclusively armed with muskets and did not have the usual third of the men
armed with pikes. Höglund mention explicitly that Uppland, Västmanland,
Östergötland and the Saxon Regiment did not have pikes.
Jönköping Regiment is on the other hand reported to have had pikemen. The
sources also reveal that Kalmar Regiment was initially issued pikes but its
colonel requested 3 January 1710 to have them replaced with muskets. The
request was granted but it is unclear if the re-armament was carried out
before the battle of Helsingborg. Kronoberg Regiment appear to have been an
all-musket unit at a muster in August 1710. It is likely that Södermanland Regiment
did not have any pikes either since they did not have these in the battle of Gadebusch 1712 (when
other previously all-musket units had pikes).
Uppland and Kronoberg regiments
received their colours in time for the battle and Kalmar regiment had been issued an
older set of colours which were quartered in red and yellow and had flaming grenades in the corners.
Instead of the usual blue cloak,
the restored infantry regiments received a gray piecoat with turnbacks
in the same colour as the regular coat. This type of overcoat worn
to protect against cold and bad weather is not included in the images below
as you would not be able to see the regular coat. But the regiments that had
piecoats instead of cloaks were Kronoberg, Jönköping, Kalmar and Östergötland.
For Södermanland and Uppland, I lack information, but they should also have
received gray piecoats, although the similarly newly established Västmanland
apparently received blue cloaks.
Right (West) Wing
Danish uniforms in the battle of Helsingborg.