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  POPULATION:
 
  British Isles
  Western Europe

  Benelux
  Scandinavia
  Germany
  Central Europe
  Italy
  Baltic States
  Eastern Europe
  Western Balkans
  Eastern Balkans

  _____________________
 
  Swedish Counties
 

Örjan Martinsson

Population of the Benelux States

The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg have often had the same rulers and after the Congress of Vienna 1815 these countries were united into a kingdom. But the unification only lasted fifteen years until Belgium rebelled and declared itself independent. At that time the population of Belgium was twice as high as the Netherlands, but since then the Netherlands’ population have grown faster and it now considerably larger. There has even been a shift in the population within Belgium, where the Dutch speaking population has passed the French speaking population in size.

The Netherlands

Belgium

Luxemburg

1816
18
29

2.047
2.613
1816
183
1

4.166
4.090

1839
1843
1846
1849
1852
1855
1864
1867
1871
1875
1880
1885
1890
1895
1900
1905
1910
1922
1930
1935
1947
1960
1966
1970
1981
1990
2001
2010

0.170
0.180
0.186
0.190
0.193
0.189
0.203
0.200
0.198
0.205
0.210
0.213
0.211
0.218
0.236
0.246
0.260
0.261
0.300
0.297
0.291
0.315
0.335
0.340
0.365
0.378
0.444
0.502

 In 1839 two territories with a population of  326 000 were transferred from Belgium to the Netherlands. One of these (Limburg) with 168 000 inhabitants are included in the 1829 population of the Netherlands. The other 158 000 became the grand duchy of Luxembourg, which population for some reason is stated as 170 000 in the column to the right

1839
1849
1859
1869
1879
1889
1899
1909
1920
1930
1940
1947
1960
1970
1980
1991
2001
2010
2.861
3.057
3.309
3.580
4.013
4.511
5.104
5.858
6.865
7.936
8.923
9.625
11.556
13.119
14.091
15.069
16.032
16.575
1846
1856
1866
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
4.337
4.530
4.828
5.520
6.069
6.694
7.424
7.405
Eupen-Malmédy with 60 000 inhabitants was transferred from  Germany to Belgium in 1920
1930
1947
1961
1970
1981
1991
2001
2010
8.092
8.512
9.190
9.651
9.849
9.980
10.273
10.827

Provinces of Belgium
(population in thousands)

Limbourg and Luxembourg was reduced in size in 1839 and Liége was expanded in 1920 by causes mentioned above.

  Antwerp Brabant East-flanders West-flanders Hainaut Liége Limburg Luxemburg Namur
1801
1806
1811
1816
1831

246
285
282
295
350

246
303

445
562

560
602
601
622
743

460
492

521
608

415
474

494
613


311

361
375




330
319




320
306




223
214

1846
1856
1866
1876
1880

406
434
466
538
577

691
749
814
936
985

793
777
806
863
882

643
625
642
684
692

715
769
845
956
978

453
504
557
632
664

186
192
195
205
211

186
194
200
204
209

264
286
303
316
323

1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
700
819
969
1 017
1 173
1 106
1 264
1 470
1 522
1 680
950
1 030
1 120
1 107
1 149
738
805
874
804
902
1 049
1 143
1 233
1 220
1 270
757
826
888
863
973
223
241
276
300
368
212
219
231
224
221
335
347
363
348
356
1947
1961
1970
1981
1990
1 281
1 444
1 538
1 576
1 605
1 798
1 992
2 171
2 222
2 253
1 217
1 277
1 310
1 331
1 356
997
1 073
1 054
1 080
1 107
1 225
1 260
1 317
1 305
1 280
964
1 011
1 003
1 004
1 001
460
579
653
716
750
213
219
217
223
232
356
373
387
405
424

Provinces of the Netherlands
(population in thousands)

  Groningen
 

Friesland
Drenthe
 

Overijssel
Gelderland
 

Utrecht
North-Holland South-Holland Zeeland North-Brabant Limburg
1830
1840
1849
1859
1869
158
176
188
208
225
205
228
247
274
292
64
72
83
95
106
179
198
216
235
254
310
346
371
404
433
132
145
149
160
174
414
443
477
524
577
480
526
563
619
688
137
151
160
166
178
349
378
396
408
429
186
197
205
216
224
1879
1889
1899
1909
1920
253
273
300
328
366
330
336
340
360
383
119
131
149
173
210
274
295
333
383
439
467
512
567
640
730
192
221
251
289
342
680
829
968
1 108
1 298
804
950
1 144
1 391
1 679
189
199
216
233
245
466
510
554
623
734
239
256
282
332
440
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
392
427
462
478
517
400
428
468
480
522
222
250
285
314
367
521
585
682
783
921
829
938
1 101
1 288
1 506
407
490
584
687
801
1 510
1 701
1 875
2 073
2 244
1 958
2 174
2 425
2 726
2 969
248
254
272
284
306
898
1 052
1 267
1 513
1 788
551
620
745
894
999
1980
1990
2002
554
558
570
584
610
636
418
455
479
1 018
1 050
1 094
1 694
1 864
1 949
895
1 063
1 140
2 308
2 464
2 559
3 084
3 325
3 424
348
366
397
2 051
2 276
2 391
1 069
1 130
1 143

In 1986 a twelfth province was created in land reclaimed from the sea. That province was named Flevoland and it has had the following population-numbers.

Flevoland
1970
1980
1990
2002
15
66
262
342

All statistics with blue colour come from the book International Historical Statistics 1750-2005 by B. R. Mitchell. Statistics with purple colour come from  Nationalencyklopedins årsbok 2010 (the Swedish national encyclopaedia's yearbook of 2010).