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Örjan Martinsson

Kings of Greece

A predecessor to the present Greek state is the Byzantine empire, which existed from the fourth century to 1453 when it was conquered by the Ottoman empire. The modern Greek state was created as a result of a rebellion 1821-1829 against the Ottoman empire. A provisional government had been formed already in 1822 but it was not until 1827 when British, French and Russian navies defeated the Turks at the battle of Navarino that the independence was secured. Shortly afterwards was Ioannis Kapodistrias appointed as Greece's first head of state (with the title governor). Internal strife led however to his assassination in 1831 and his brother and successor could not control the situation from escalating to anarchy. Therefore the great powers stepped in again and appointed a Bavarian prince to be the king of Greece, which then was confirmed in the peace treaty with the Ottoman empire in 1832.

First Republic

1828-1831
1831-1832
Ioannis Kapodistrias
Augustinos Kapodistrias

House of Wittelsbach
 
1832-1862 Othōn

House of Oldenburg
 
1863-1913
1913-1917
1917-1920
1920-1922
1922-1923

1923-1935

1935-1947
1947-1964
1964-1973

1973-
Geōrgios I
Kōnstantinos I
Alexandros
Kōnstantinos I (restored)
Geōrgios II

Second republic

Geōrgios II (restored)
Paulos
Kōnstantinos II

Third republic