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Örjan Martinsson

Regents of Mantua

Like so many other Italian city-states was Mantua a self governing commune, which made itself independent from the emperor during the middle age. With time the government was to be dominated by strong men who were called "signores". From 1328 did these belong to the house of Gonzaga and they bought the title margrave (or marquis) of Mantua from the emperor 1432. In 1530 were they elevated to ducal status and from 1536 were they also in control over the margraviate of Monferrato, which also became a duchy 1573. A French collateral branch of the house of Gonzaga inherited the duchies 1627 after they had won the war over the Mantuan succession with French support. The war over the Spanish succession led however to the annexation of Mantua by Austria in 1708, where after it shared its history with the duchy of Milan. The city of Mantua's greatest son was the Roman poet Virgil who lived in the first century before Christ.

Signores of Mantua

1272-1291
1291-1299
1299-1309
1309-1328
Pinamonte Bonacolsi
Bardallone Bonacolsi
Guido Botticela
Rinaldo il Passerino

House of Gonzaga
 
1328-1360
1360-1369
1369-1382
1382-1407
1407-1432
Luigi I
Guido
Luigi II
Francesco I
Gian Francesco

Margraviate of Mantua
 
1432-1444
1444-1478
1478-1484
1484-1519
1519-1530
Gian Francesco (same as above)
Ludovico
Federico I
Francesco II
Federico II (same as below)

Duchy of Mantua
 
1530-1540 Federico II
1540-1550 Francesco III
1550-1587 Guglielmo
1587-1612 Vincenzo I
1612 Francesco IV
1612-1626 Ferdinando
1626-1627 Vincenzo II

House of Gonzaga-Nevers
 
1627-1637 Carlo I
1637-1665 Carlo III
1665-1708 Carlo IV

Mantua is annexed by Austria and share thereafter its history with Milan

= Montferrat