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Örjan Martinsson

Italy

The map above shows the political situation in Italy during the latter half of the 18th century. At that time Italy was divided in several petty states and had been so ever since the first Italian kingdom disintegrated during the middle age. That kingdom did only consist of northern Italy. Southern Italy was since the 11th century controlled by the kingdom of Sicily, which often was divided in an island state and a mainland state, so they were called Both Sicilies when they were united. There was no dominating state in northern Italy but the duchy of Savoy, after 1720 called the kingdom of Sardinia, would become the most important state and led Italy’s unification in the 19th century.