Denmark is a united kingdom
ruled by Godfred about AD 800.
After king Godfred's death
the kingdom suffers from civil wars between his heirs. Denmark will be reunited
temporarily during the 9th Century.
Harold Bluetooth who started
as a German vassal reunites Denmark. He also conquers southern Norway
and Slavic areas in northern Germany.
England is 1013-1042 with
short interruptions ruled by the kings of Denmark. 1028 Canute the great
also conquers Norway and a part of Sweden.
Canute the Great dies and
his empire is divided between his sons and enemies.
Between 1169-1219 Denmark
conquers large parts of the Baltic Sea coast.
The battle at Bornhöved
results in the collapse of Denmark's Baltic sea empire.
Due to expensive wars almost
the entire kingdom have been pawned to German counts. The Danish state
cease to exist and no king is elected between 1332-40.
Valdemar Atterdag restore the Danish state 1340 and thru successful wars against Sweden
conquers the eastern half of the kingdom and the island of Gotland
The powerful regent Margaret unites Norway and Sweden with Denmark 1380-89.
The union is named the Kalmar Union and will last to 1521 with interruptions
1448-57, 1464-97 and 1501-20.
In 1460 Schleswig-Holstein is
united with Denmark. The Orkney- and Shetland islands are pawned to
Scotland 1468-69. The last remnants of the Scandinavian colony in Greenland
perish of unknown reasons about 1500.
The Kalmar Union is dissolved
for the last and final time when the Swedes led by Gustav Vasa rise in
The Torstensson war 1643-45
ends with considerable territorial losses to Sweden.
Denmark's involvement in the
northern war 1657-60 results in additional disastrous losses to Sweden.
A new colonisation of Greenland
starts this year.
Denmark is forced to cede
Norway to Sweden.
The duchies of Schleswig and
Holstein are lost to Prussia and Austria after a short war.
Northern Schleswig is
returned to Denmark after a plebiscite.