Denmark's king Olof succeed his father Håkon Magnusson
as Norwegian king. But the real regent in both kingdoms is his mother Margaret.
Margaret defeat Sweden's
king Albrekt of Mecklenburg and becomes the regent over Sweden. The
formal union between the Scandinavian kingdoms will be created in 1397.
Albrekt of Mecklenburg's
supporters' occupies Gotland. The island will be used as a base for
pirates and is therefore conquered by the Teutonic knights in 1398.
Gotland is returned to the
Kalmar union when Margaret pays the ransom for it to the Teutonic knights.
The last written proof that the
Scandinavian colony on Greenland still exist is from this year. But the
colony is believed to have survived until ca 1500 when it for unknown
Erik of Pomerania is
deposed as king over the Kalmar union but he retain Gotland which again
becomes a base for pirates.
The union king Christoffer of
Bavaria dies unexpectantly without heirs. The Kalmar union dissolves when
Denmark elect Christian I as king while Sweden and Norway choose Karl
Knutsson Bonde as their king.
Erik of Pomerania surrender
Gotland to Christian I of Denmark.
Christian I drive out Karl
Knutsson Bonde from Norway and become their new king.
Karl Knutsson Bonde is
deposed as king of Sweden. Christian I succeed him and restore the
The duke of
Schleswig-Holstein dies without sons. Christian I is elected as his
successor but is forced to compensate the heir of Holstein with a
considerable amount of money.
Christian I:s poor economy
forces him to introduce new taxes. The discontent in Sweden leads to a
rebellion that deposes him as king over Sweden. The island of Öland
remains in Danish hands
Christian I pawn the Orkney-
and Shetland islands to the king of Scotland as compensation for an
The Danish-Norwegian king
Hans grants his brother Frederik a hereditary duchy in
Hans succeeds after many
years of negotiations to be elected as king over Sweden. The Kalmar union
is thereby restored for the second time.
Discontent with Hans leads
to rebellion that depose him as king. Hans and later his son Christian
II tries then to take back the Swedish throne in a long war that will
not end until 1520.
Christian II succeeds after
a long war and conquers Sweden. The Kalmar union is restored for the
Christian II:s bloody purges in Sweden leads to wide scale popular
uprisings led by Gustav Vasa. He dissolves the Kalmar union for the third
and final time.