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DENMARK

 
 
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Örjan Martinsson

Denmark 1050-1380

The island of Rügen and a part of the mainland are conquered by Valdemar the great. The duke of Pomerania is forced to recognise Danish supremacy The duke of Mecklenburg is also forced to recognise Danish supremacy. The province of Ditmarsken in Holstein is conquered the following year.
Holstein is conquered. The holy roman emperor recognises the Danish possession of the north German coast in 1214. Pomerelia recognise the Danish king's supremacy. A crusade led by Valdemar Sejr results in the conquest of Estonia.
The battle at Bornhöved leads to the collapse of Denmark's Baltic sea empire. Valdemar Sejr grant his younger son Abel the hereditary duchy of Schleswig. Estonia is declared as Danish after papal mediation between Denmark and the Teutonic knights.
Erik Menved is forced to grant northern Halland as a hereditary duchy to the Norwegian king. Erik Menved's costly wars forces him to pawn the island of Fyn to the counts of Holstein. Rügen is united with Pomerania through inheritance although it formally remain to be a Danish fief until 1438.
More territory have been pawned and granted as duchies. By 1332 the Danish state has practically ceased to exist and no new king will be elected until 1340. Count Gert of Holstein is murdered and the newly elected king Valdemar Atterdag takes control over his territories. Valdemar Atterdag is forced by the Swedish king to recognise that Skåneland is no longer a part of the Danish monarchy.
Denmark is unable to suppress a Estonian peasant rebellion. Instead they sell the province to the Teutonic knights. Valdemar Atterdag conquers  Skåneland from Sweden. 1361 Valdemar Atterdag temporarily occupies Öland and Gotland. In 1366 he exploits the Swedish civil war and conquers northern Halland and Gotland permanently.

Read also about the Kalmar Union.