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Örjan Martinsson

Austria

Austria was created in the middle of the 10th century as a German margraviate. It was controlled by the house of Babenberg for nearly 300 years and became elevated to an immediate imperial duchy in 1156. Beginning in 1282 was Austria to share its destiny with the house of Habsburg who managed to elevate it to an archduchy 1453 and then to an empire 1804. Under Habsburg rule became Austria a great power who played a prominent role in European history between 1519 and 1919. The emergence of nationalism and the First World War was however the events that brought the end of this multiethnic empire and created the considerably smaller modern Austrian republic.